The health check for pets should be part of your care routine. Unlike people, our pets cannot tell us that they have a problem such as toothache, earache, reduced vision or pain in the belly.
Thus, we detect such problems only when they become so severe that they develop obvious signs. Thus, It is very important that our pets receive regular health checks from a veterinarian to detect these problems from the beginning.
Why is the health check for pets valuable?
Regrettably, dogs and cats have a much shorter lifespan than their owners and age faster. For this reason, annual health visits are so important for cats and dogs.
This fact needs to be fully understood:
- Puppies reach maturity very quickly and are essentially teenagers or young adults for their first birthday. In general, their age is considered equivalent to 15 when they turn one year old.
- During the second year, the aging rate slows down a bit, so the average dog is considered equivalent to a 24-25 year old for his second birthday.
- Thereafter, The aging rate is estimated at 4-5 years per calendar year, according to size and race.
- Large breed dogs age relatively faster than small breed dogs. By the time a dog turns six, it will be middle-aged, if it is a small or medium-sized dog, or geriatric, if it is a large dog.
Health check for pets from birth to one year
You will have to have your little one vaccinated every three to four weeks until he is 16 weeks old. Dogs will receive vaccinations against rabies, distemper and other diseases. They may also need vaccines to protect against health problems such as kennel cough, flu and Lyme disease.
In the case of cats, they will be tested for feline leukemia and feline immunodeficiency virus. They also receive vaccines that cover various diseases. At this stage your pet will also start taking medications for the prevention of heartworms and fleas and ticks.
The vet will examine your puppy or kitten to make sure it is growing well and shows no signs of a disease. It will check again, around six months, when you bring your pet to be spayed or neutered.
The adult pet check: 1 to 7-10 years
During this stage, Veterinarians recommend annual checkups. Annually, the veterinarian will give your pet a physical exam from head to tail and perform parasite control.
In dogs a blood sample will be taken to detect heart worms. The veterinarian may recommend other tests based on any problem your pet has or anything unusual he sees during the exam.
During the first annual checkup it will be time for booster vaccines against parasites and rabies. Thereafter, The frequency with which animals receive rabies reinforcements depends on state law.
The check of older pets: from the age of seven
Usually, veterinarians suggest semiannual checkups For older pets. Your cat or dog will receive vaccinations when necessary and will have a complete physical exam.
In addition, follow-up tests of any present problem will be carried out. Blood and urine tests can give your veterinarian information about your pet’s kidney and liver health, thyroid hormone levels and more.
The veterinarian’s questions will seek to investigate any change in habit: increased water consumption or decreased energy. These may be signs of a new problem, such as kidney disease or arthritis.
As you get older, your cat’s behavior will change. Some changes will be normal, but others will be due to treatable pathologies. Read more “