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Best Diet and Nutritional Tips For Better Health – What does a Gerbil eat

What does a Gerbil eat – Unlike the Octodon or the Guinea Pig, your Gerbil eats everything. It is an omnivorous rodent. This is not a reason to give him everything to eat. On the one hand, because its digestive tract is relatively short. On the other hand, because his diet must follow a certain coherence. We explain to you the food receivable by this animal.

No hay, for your Gerbil, who will need animal protein to live in good health. Thus, your rodent is an omnivore that can ingest anything, but in very small quantities. You should not overload your stomach, but you must meet its daily energy needs. How?

First of all, you must know that the diet of your gerbil is one-fifth of animal or vegetable proteins . Amino acids must be present in bulk in their diet. Beside that, it is necessary to give him enough carbohydrates in order to favor his intestinal transit and, consequently, his flora. Opt for foods rich in starch and low in fiber . Hence the absence of hay in his diet. Your rodent must also be full of fat (lipids) and minerals .

The granules for Gerbil

The basic diet of your gerbil is several grams of pellets a day. These granules meet all its needs, without any distinction between them. From then on, she will not be able to choose one seed over another, as she would be tempted to do in home blends. In fact, even if it is possible to give it seeds of cereals, oilseeds, granules of alfalfa, we recommend 8 grams of granules per day .

For better absorption, it is possible to moisten these granules.

Fruits for Gerbil

To safeguard the health of your rodent, avoid giving it foods that are sweet or too fat. Thus, the fruits to put under his teeth should not be too rich in sugar. During his life, punctually, do not hesitate to make him swallow strawberries, papaya, apple, pears or grapes. This is good fruit for your rodent.


Many vegetables can be given to your Gerbil. All is to do it gradually and install them gently in his diet. Being brusque is the best way to cause diarrhea , often fatal, in this animal. Do not forget to remove all the seeds and stones from your vegetables, which must be fresh and well washed.

For example, asparagus, broccoli, carrots, celery, cucumber, zucchini and spinach are easily digested by your pet.

Cereal that Gerbil likes

Your Gerbil is a fan of cereal products. Thus, it is possible for you to give it from time to time, in very small quantities, and therefore without abusing it. Blown rice, rice, bread, croissants and even couscous can be offered to your pet. Watch out for any unwanted reactions, such as constipation or diarrhea.

Gerbil’s stool

Your Gerbil is a coprophagous animal . That is, she eats her stool. This is not a faulty behavior. Indeed, it allows him to ingest B vitamins , undigested properly by the first pass in his stomach.

Some treats and superfluous

Your Gerbil will be brought, perhaps, to eat worms of flourboiled eggs. Give preference to specialty stores or pet stores that will meet your calcium needs. In addition, some special treats for gerbils are available on request from these specialty stores.

Gerbil Care – Diet & Nutrition

Your Gerbil can eat almost anything but in very small quantities. The basis of his diet is granules (about 8 grams per day). To this, we can add vegetables, fruits, cereals, and sweets. It is also a coprophagous rodent, so who eats his stool.

Feeding a Gerbil

The digestive tract of your gerbil is relatively short. Nevertheless, because of its relatively high daily energy expenditure, it has a fairly large need for energy. It is an omnivorous rodent , which clearly differentiates it from the octodon or the guinea pig, exclusively herbivorous.

The nutritional needs of your gerbil

The food of your gerbil must contain in particular enough animal and vegetable proteins (about 18-20%). Their energy density must be high and they must contain enough amino acids such as isoleucine, valine, leucine and tryptophan.

The diet of your gerbil must contain enough carbohydrates , including dietary fiber, sugars and starch. The fibers allow better transit in a digestive tract that does not absorb a large amount of cellulose. In fact, your gerbil will regulate its intake of food according to the energy density of the latter. Thus, the perfect food will be rich in starch and fairly low in fiber .

Your gerbil will also need about 12% fat in your daily diet. Even if a rate of 4% prevents the development of cholesterol.

Finally, your gerbil will need several minerals essential to its good health: phosphorus, potassium, calcium and magnesium in particular.


Omnivorous , but with a very small digestive tract, your gerbil will need to see all his needs covered by ingesting little food. Thus, his diet focuses primarily on:

  • The pellets designed specifically for your gerbil. They are found in pet stores or in specialized stores. It does not allow your gerbil to sort according to his preferences. You can also moisten the pellets before giving them to your rodent. Because if they are too hard, then your gerbil may be less willing to swallow them.
  • The seeds of cereals, oilseeds, granules Alfalfa … The big drawback sorting food for your gerbil. In fact, she could suffer from deficiencies.

In general, your gerbil, once an adult, consumes up to 8 grams of food a day. You should avoid giving her too many sunflower seeds otherwise, as she will tend to eat them exclusively, and therefore suffer from deficiency afterwards.

Fruits and vegetables

Some fruits and vegetables (seedless or stone) are well supported by your gerbil. However, as with all rodents and animals, you will need to gently introduce a new food. Otherwise it causes diarrhea that can be fatal for your rodent.

Thus, your gerbil will particularly like asparagus, cauliflower, parsnip, blueberry, broccoli, pumpkin, apple, carrot, celery, cherry, cucumber, spinach, strawberry, turnip , pear, radishes, grapes and peppers.

In addition, your gerbil may ingest very small quantities of dairy products such as cheese .

A copphagous rodent

Do not worry if your gerbil eats some droppings after defecating. This is a coprophagous rodent that needs to re-enact some dung that is a source of B vitamins.

The sweets

They must be given sparingly because they are too sweet, they promote the development of obesity. So your gerbil can ingest dried coconut, the dried apples also, but also cookies for a hamster.

The foods to Proscribe for a Gerbil

Many foods are not good for your gerbil’s health. Toxic or unsuitable, they can cause fatal diarrhea that can even cause other symptoms such as:

  • garlic
  • The lawyer
  • Chocolate
  • Chives
  • The lemon
  • White cabbage
  • Acorns
  • Raw green beans
  • Hyacinth
  • Ivy
  • Lily of the valley
  • The onions
  • Rhubarb
  • Soy
  • Sage

In Conclusion

Your gerbil is an omnivore with a very small digestive tract. Thus, all it ingests in small quantities must be rich in animal and vegetable proteins, lipid and carbohydrate. His diet consists mainly of:

  • Granules
  • From seeds

To this, we can add some fresh fruits and vegetables given in small quantities and gradually integrated into his daily habits.



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