There is a great variety in the fur of the domestic cat. There are felines with long, semi-long or short hair and everyone sheds their hair naturally. The usual thing is that during winter the fur is busier than in summer and, for this, a change in spring and autumn is necessary.
The use of air conditioning and heating can influence the molting of dogs and cats, since in many houses a constant temperature is maintained throughout the year and, thus, there are pets that do not have a marked molt at a certain time, They eliminate hair constantly.
Abnormal changes in cat fur
Skin problems are the most frequent causes of visiting the veterinarian because they are very obvious and the owner recognizes them right away.
It is one of the most striking problems, especially when it happens in a short time. Baldness or absence of hair in certain areas where there was previously hair They can have many different causes. The most typical are:
- Endocrine diseases. Baldness caused by this type of disease has a specific pattern; They are usually only in certain areas of the body or are symmetrical.
- Allergy. Environmental or food allergy can cause itching all over the body of the animal and the cat, to relieve itching, licks excessively on the affected area by pulling the hair and causing baldness.
- Feline miliary dermatitis. It is a picture of hypersensitivity to environmental allergens, external parasites, infections or autoimmune reactions. Skin lesions consist of papules and are distributed through the neck, chin and back, and can also cause itching.
- Parasitic infections: Scabies and ringworm can cause a lot of itching. Scabies is caused by mites and ringworm by fungi; Rounded baldness in tinea are characteristic.
- Leishmania. Leishmania is also a parasitic disease; in cats it is much less frequent than in dogs, but immunosuppressed felines can develop it if they end up infected. It is characteristic that skin lesions and subcutaneous nodules appear on the head and legs.
- Stress. Excessive grooming can be a clear sign of stress in the cat and can end up with small bald areas on the skin.
- Pain. Cats with joint pain sometimes tear or lick the hair of the affected areas.
If the problem is excessive hair loss, the presence of dandruff or fat the problem can be hormonal or nutritional. If no other symptoms appear, and in other tests such as blood tests, diseases are ruled out, it can be corrected with better nutrition and fatty acid intake.
What to do if I detect a problem in my cat’s fur?
As you can see, the problems in the cat’s fur can be many and varied, so if you detect any bald, injured, lump … you should go to the veterinarian.
Once there, through a series of tests the veterinarian will try to rule out the most serious diseases. In some cases, a blood test may be necessary to verify that all organs function properly.
If some type of disease is confirmed, it is best to start treatment as soon as possible: normally, if the disease is treated, the skin and hair symptoms will disappear.
If the problem is only cutaneous, caused by an allergy or nutritional problem, once the cause is removed, the skin will heal and the hair will grow back. We can help the regeneration of the coat with some kind of nutritional supplement as long as it is not advised by the veterinarian.
With stress it is similar. You have to know what has changed in the cat’s life to cause this situation or if it is a lack of environmental stimulation or enrichment at home.
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