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Urolithiasis In Dogs: Symptoms, Causes, and Methods of Treating

Urolithiasis In Dogs - Symptoms, Causes and Methods of Treating

Animal diseases

Urolithiasis In Dogs: Symptoms, Causes, and Methods of Treating

Urolithiasis in dogs is not uncommon, as most pet lovers believe. It is expressed in the formation of stones, which are called uroliths. Their habitual location is the bladder.

Urolithiasis in dogs is not uncommon, as most pet lovers believe.

Calcium ammonium phosphate is considered the most common component of urolite. Typically, the stones are very impressive size, and the pollution of the passages prevents them from leaving.

Causes of stone formation:

  • the presence of urine salts;
  • the presence of crystallizing substances;
  • infection by infection.

Dog owners, as a rule, cannot make a diagnosis on their own and learn about the disease from the doctor. He recognizes the symptoms and will give an accurate response after urinalysis.


The manifestation of urolithiasis in each dog individually. In this case, the values ​​are: gender, stage of the disease and localization process. The early stage is not rich in symptoms, because if the behavior of your pet seems suspicious, immediately go to the vet. Due to clinical analysis of urine, not only the stage of urolithiasis will be determined, but also the urinary system will be analyzed.

In males, the main symptom is blockage of the urethra. It becomes more and more difficult for an animal to get rid of urine. Blood appears in it. Pet begins to whine and noticeably nervous. This process is often accompanied by fever.

The disease occurs mainly in adults at the age of 4-6 years. Males risk significantly more than bitches. Owners of dachshunds, Dalmatians, miniature poodles, Yokshir terriers, Cocker Spaniels should be more attentive to their pets because of their susceptibility. But boxers, shepherd dogs and collie rarely deal with what is commonly called urolithiasis.

The disease does not occur without a cause

In addition to genetic predisposition, there are a number of factors that provoke the development of urolithiasis:

  • bacteria easily change the acidity of urine, a precipitate is formed as a result, so if the lower urinary tract often becomes inflamed, the dog will often get sick;
  • when an animal consumes little liquid, mineral salts begin to concentrate in the urine, with time they crystallize;
  • nutrition plays no less a role, and a high protein diet can do more harm than good;
  • infrequent emptying of the bladder leads to stagnation of urine;
  • rare walking and a short walk cause hypodynamia.

This is what provokes a similar disease in dogs.

Diagnostics Of Urolithiasis in Dogs


So, you brought the dog to the vet. The first thing he will do is examine the animal: large stones are easily detectable with the most ordinary palpation. The condition of the urinary tract will be checked with a catheter, and urine analysis will provide additional information. Sometimes they do an abdominal ultrasound. Often, the bladder is examined, and the entire system is examined with the help of X-rays, thus determining the type of urolith.

Treatment methods For Urolithiasis in Dogs

Dog urinary disease is treated in various ways. In determining the method, key roles are played: the size and type of stones, as well as the position they occupy.

Treatment methods For  Urolithiasis in Dogs

The correct diagnosis and timely access to a doctor will become a pre-determination of the effectiveness of therapy.

Depending on this, the following actions are possible:

  • surgical removal of stones;
  • washing the urinary tract, this method stimulates the movement of stones to the bladder, from which it will not be so difficult to extract urolit;
  • a special diet helps dissolve urats and struvites;
  • some drugs are also used for such purposes;
  • if the disease was caused by an infection, the use of antibiotics is practiced.

The correct diagnosis and timely access to a doctor will become a pre-determination of the effectiveness of therapy. However, this is not enough, because the search for new approaches to the treatment of urolithiasis continues.

Modern approach

One of the most popular ways to treat this disease in dogs is pulsed magnetic therapy. It is based on physiotherapy, which does not accept surgery.

In this way, stones are effectively dissolved, the inflammatory process stops, and as a result, painful sensations disappear.

Homotoxicological therapy relieves the symptoms of urolithiasis. Homeopathic remedies bring considerable benefits by stopping the stone-forming process.

In recent years, gyrotherapy has gained popularity. It is not strange, its use gives positive results. The maximum effect brings on the early stage of the disease. Needed during the rehabilitation period and during prophylaxis.

Peritoneal dialysis. Indispensable in the event of a serious kidney damage, which usually accompanies urolithiasis in dogs.

Surgical intervention

When the life of a pet is threatened, the surgeon goes without hesitation. Urethral blockage is exactly the case.

What does this mean for dogs:

  • the animal becomes unnecessarily restless;
  • urination becomes difficult, at first a thin trickle appears, which in time turns into bloody drops;
  • the next moment is an increase in the abdomen;
  • the dog is depressed, does not want to eat, emetic urges begin;
  • if time does not help the animal will die.

Treatment of urolithiasis


To extract the calculus, one has to dissect the urethra at the site of occlusion. Postoperative wound is used to release urine in dogs. When it heals, the process takes place naturally. The disadvantage is the narrowing of the urethra at the site of the incision. Further relapses are possible, i.e. re-blocking with stones, another operation is inevitable.


If catheterization and urethrotomy have already been performed, and the urinary canals continue to block, a new urethra needs to be created. Dog should be neutered, so as not overgrown urethrostomy.


If the bladder is literally overflowing with small stones or the stones are small, but their sizes are fearful, the bladder is cut, washed, removing concrements and sand. Urination and well-being of the pet come back to normal in a couple of days.

Treatment of urolithiasis dog at vet

If the bladder is literally overflowing with small stones or the stones are small, but their sizes are fearful, the bladder is cut, washed, and sand is removed.

After surgery, the dog must be shown to the therapist. Doctor and prescribe further treatment.


Any disease is always easier to prevent than to cure.

To reduce the risk it is recommended:

  • balance the diet and monitor the weight of the dog;
  • monitor fluid intake;
  • periodically visit the vet;
  • take urine for analysis every 3 months;
  • undergo magnetic therapy every 6 months;
  • walk in time;
  • increase physical activity.


It is known that proper nutrition – the guarantee of health. If the diet is made incorrectly, there is a risk of certain diseases.

To prevent urolithiasis in animals, it is recommended to adhere to the following rules:

  • use high-quality food, while respecting the norm, with overeating there is a risk of the urinary system;
  • food should be high in calories so that the dog does not need to absorb large amounts of food;
  • give products with a low content of phosphorus, which contributes to the formation of stones;
  • limit calcium intake, it oxidizes urine;
  • reduce the load on the liver with a small dose of high quality protein.

Urolithiasis in dogs is a terrible disease, but if you manage to recognize its symptoms in time, you will save your pet’s life.

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