Types of Dwarf Hamsters – Dwarf hamsters are gaining popularity in the pet trade. Dwarf hamsters differ from other species in that they are social and can be kept in pairs or small groups (stick to the same sex if you’re not a breeder). Below are the most common dwarf hamsters. Chinese hamsters are sometimes grouped with dwarf hamsters because they are small, but they are not real dwarf hamsters.
- Gnome Campbells Russian Hamster: This is usually the most likely dwarf hamster, which you will find in the pet store.
- Dwarf Winter White Russian Hamster: They are very similar and are closely related to the Russian hamster of the Campbell gnomes and are sometimes mistakenly identified or intersect with Campbells.
- Roborov hamsters (Robo): These are the smallest of the dwarf hamsters that are kept as pets. They are very fast and agile, which makes them difficult to handle.
Characteristics and features of your gnome hamster
Here is a list of other characteristics and traits of your dwarf hamster:
- Adults only grow from 3.5 to 4 inches (9 to 10 cm)
- Weighing from 3/4 to 1 3/4 ounces (25 to 50 g)
- Limited color and wool variations
- Faster and brighter than the major Syrians
- Can live alone or in a mixed gender community.
- Campbell: Curious and easier to deal with dwarf breed
- Chinese language: Often shy and loves the tunnel in bed
- White Winter: More vocals and likes to play sports
- Robo: Awake during the day more than other gnomes
What to feed your gnome hamster
A well balanced dwarf hamster diet consists of:
- High-quality laboratory hamster blocks and a limited number of grains, vegetables, fruits, and Timothy Hay.
- Clean, fresh, filtered, chlorine-free water that changes daily.
- Do not feed them chocolate, caffeine or alcohol, as this can lead to serious illnesses. Avoid sugar and high fat.
What you need to remember when feeding your gnome hamster
- Fresh food and water should always be available.
- A limited amount of grains, vegetables, fruits or Timothy Hay can be given daily, but should not exceed 10% of their total diet.
- Vegetables and fruits not eaten within 24 hours should be discarded.
Where to Keep Your Gnome Hamster
- Hamsters adapt well to average household temperatures, but should not exceed 80 F. Please be careful with extreme temperature changes. Habitat should never be under direct sunlight or in a draft area.
- Habitat should be plastic, metallic or glass and protected from unauthorized use by a hard bottom; there should be enough space for the hamster to exercise and play, the largest habitat.
- 1 “and 2” bedding should be placed in the habitat. Proper bedding includes high-quality bedding for paper, ruddy bedding or hardwood shavings. Cedar products are not recommended.
- Hamsters are solitary animals, but dwarf hamsters can be kept in same-sex couples if they grow together; otherwise, keep adult hamsters placed separately. Different types of small animals should not be placed together.
- Clean and disinfect the environment and its contents at least once a week with a 3% bleach solution. Rinse and allow to dry completely before placing the hamster back into its habitat.
- Daily remove wet spots; change bedding at least once a week, or more often, as needed.
What to expect from your gnome hamster
- These hamsters are nocturnal, that is, they play at night and rest during the day, but can adjust to your schedule.
- Easily handled, but moves quickly; some species, such as Chinese dwarfs and robots, are less prone to curbing or biting.
- Chewing objects is supported by their teeth incisors, which grow continuously. You need to make sure they have a lot of wooden chewing sticks or mineral chewing gums.
Care and hygiene
- Hamsters remain clean and rarely need baths, but can be spotted with a damp cloth or intact baby wipes if necessary. Hamsters enjoy a weekly dusty bath.
- Consult a veterinarian if the hamster’s teeth look too long.
Signs of a healthy animal
Here’s how to find out that your hamster is happy and healthy:
- Active, alert and sociable
- Eat and drink regularly
- Healthy fur and clear eyes
- Breath not disclosed
- Walks usually
- It is normal for the hamster’s teeth to turn yellow; cleaning is not required.
Watch for these warning signs:
- Weight loss
- Abnormal hair loss
- Diarrhea or muddy bottom
- Anxiety breathing
- Eye or nose removal
- Skin lesions
- Overgrown teeth
Breeding of Dwarf Russian Hamsters
Breeding your hamster is not a decision to make without careful consideration, and you absolutely must know what you will do with any newborn. Most pet stores have already created suppliers, and there is no shortage of hamsters available. You must also consider the nature and health of the hamsters that you breed; even the most friendly and well-trained dwarf Russian hamsters can think a bit when they are ready to nest.
Age of sexual maturity:
Dwarfs Russian hamsters can reach sexual maturity at the age of 4 to 5 weeks. However, females should not be bred for the first time until they are 3-4 years old. Males, on the other hand, can breed by the time they are 3 or 4 weeks old. This is one of the important reasons to separate your newcomers by sex as soon as they are weaned, usually when their puppies are between 18 and 21 days old.
Female hamsters come to estrus or heat every four days or so. This is the time when they will be fertile and receptive to a man. Within 24 hours after birth, a woman can become pregnant again.
Duration of pregnancy:
The gestation period of dwarf Russian hamsters ranges from 18 to 21 days, although this may vary depending on the breed of your hamster. It’s hard to be specific if you don’t actually see hamsters in action.
Often, the expectant mother will show few physical signs that she is pregnant. She may be a little wider on the sides of her belly and back, but you won’t even notice. Most likely, you will see her behavioral changes; drink more water, save food and rearrange its cage a little.
If you are sure that your dwarf Russian hamster is pregnant, you want to give her a cage a good clean up a day or two before her appointed time. This is because you do not want to disturb your children during the first two weeks of their lives. A new hamster mother can kill or eat her young if she finds a different scent in babies.
The litter size is quite variable, but usually there are about 6 puppies per litter, although large litters have been reported. Puppies are born hairless and blind. They should have all their fur for two weeks, but they will not open their eyes until they are ready for independent.
Other hamsters: breeding data:
Although your dwarf Russian hamsters usually follow the same breeding path, their cousins also fit into the same recommendations. These relatives include
- Syrian hamsters
- Roborov gnomes Hamsters
- Chinese hamsters