Common health problems of older cats – The health of older cats can be affected by several different diseases, so Regular veterinary care becomes very important.
All cats should be examined by a veterinarian at least once a year, but in the case of older cats, The recommended is twice a year. In this way, it is possible to prevent or treat any inconvenience with sufficient time. Do not forget most diseases are easier to treat if diagnosed early.
Older cats can hide their health problems
Older cats can mask a disease very well. Therefore, it is not only necessary to take it to the veterinarian for check-ups, it is also necessary to pay attention to possible changes in their behavior.
On the other hand, it should be borne in mind that an older cat can not only suffer physical illnesses, but also mental conditions.
Let’s see below some of the most common diseases that older cats can suffer.
Although periodental disease is not specific to older cats, there is a greater incidence as the years go by. In fact, it is estimated that at least 2/3 of cats older than three years suffer from problems in the teeth and the rest of the oral cavity.
Dental disease can be a serious problem for older cats. It affects the teeth, gums, ligaments, the root and even the jaw or maxillary bone. In addition, it can be very painful.
Hyperthyroidism is a condition of the thyroid gland in which excessive amounts of thyroid hormone are produced. And this hormonal excess has different effects on your body.
Many hyperthyroid cats show weight loss and, simultaneously, increased appetite. Other symptoms may include: vomiting, diarrhea, thirst and increased urine volume.
Chronic kidney disease
The kidneys act as a blood filter system. When they work normally, they eliminate through urine the waste produced by feline metabolism.
However, when the kidneys are damaged, either a matter of aging or by any other physical process, waste products are no longer filtered effectively, which leads to its accumulation in the cat’s bloodstream.
Some of the symptoms observed in chronic kidney disease include: increased thirst, increased urine volume, weight loss, lack of appetite and vomiting.
Chronic kidney disease is a common condition in older cats.
It is important to keep in mind that there are different types of heart disease. One of the most frequent in older cats is cardiomyopathy, others are degenerative valve diseases.
Regardless of the underlying cause, the end result of heart disease is congestive heart failure. In this condition, the heart’s ability to pump blood effectively and efficiently is compromised.
Unfortunately, it is common for cats to suffer from arthritis and for their owners not to notice. This situation often occurs because The symptoms of arthritis are easily confused with “normal” aging changes.
Commonly, arthritic cats often become less active, sleep more, and it is possible for them to access elevated surfaces.
Diabetes causes an increase in blood sugar level. Importantly, the risk factors for feline diabetes include being overweight and leading a sedentary lifestyle affects the health of older cats.
Mostly, cats diagnosed with diabetes will require insulin injections. Remission is possible when aggressive treatment is initiated early in the disease. If remission occurs, insulin will no longer be necessary.
Cancer of different origins is also a common condition in older cats. Of course, there are many types of cancer that can affect cats. So, The symptoms depend on the type of cancer involved.
Given that there are several diseases that can affect older cats, it is important not to skip any of their veterinary check-ups and pay attention to changes in behavior they may have. The sooner a problem is detected, the more likely the treatment will be successful.