There are numerous eye problems in cats, some of which are similar to those that affect the eyes of dogs. In both cats and dogs, eye conditions can be considered an emergency: any tearing, changes in appearance or excessive blinking require immediate attention from the veterinarian.
It is common for cats with eye and facial pain to show a decreased appetite. Thus, it is important to be aware of any changes in eating habits. Check your cat’s eyes often to see how he looks in a normal state. In this way, you will be able to realize what has changed when there is a problem.
1. Conjunctivitis, the most common among eye problems in cats
It is the most common eye condition in cats. It consists of an inflammatory process of the membrane that covers the inside of the eyelids and a part of the eye. Often, this inflammation involves tearing or discharge in one or both eyes.
Viral herpes infection is a common cause of conjunctivitis in cats. Other causes include environmental allergens, irritants and bacterial infections.
Persian and Himalayan cats have a facial structure that can cause tear blockage., resulting in watery eyes. In these races it is reasonable to deal with appropriate rinses or medications to prevent conjunctivitis.
2. Corneal ulcers
This condition is particularly common in kittens that live outdoors. Usually, Ulcers originate from corneal damage. It is possible to detect this type of damage if you see your cat squinting or showing discharge, scratches in the eyes or redness and swelling around the eye.
Corneal ulcers Occasionally they develop a kidnapping, which is a dark and discolored spot that is seen in the eye. This occurs when the cornea dies.
This is an inflammation of the vascular portions inside the eye. Although the cause of uveitis is not known, it is believed that processes of systemic inflammation or severe corneal ulcers can progress to uveitis.
Signs include change in the color or size of the iris or pupil, redness of the eyelids, sensitivity to light, eye pain or loss of vision.
It is a very common condition among eye problems in cats. This condition results from increased fluid pressure in the eye, which occurs due to poor drainage of aqueous humor.
In this scenario, the accumulated fluid exerts pressure on the optic nerve, which carries visual information from the eye to the brain. When the pressure build-up is severe, the optic nerve becomes damaged and can cause blindness.
There are several causes for blindness. In case of damage to the retina, the loss of vision can be partial or total. Keep in mind that this condition can be a slow process, so early detection can be valuable.
Acquire the habit of observing any change in the way your pussy moves and plays; It is the only way to identify early eye problems in cats.
It is important to know that retinal damage can be caused by high blood pressure, which causes diseases such as hyperthyroidism, diabetes or kidney disease. For this reason, Going to the vet to perform routine blood pressure checks in older cats is important for the prevention of eye damage.
6. Other causes of eye problems in cats
Many feline eye conditions are often secondary to other diseases, which can complicate management and treatment.
Secondary eye conditions can be caused by: viral diseases such as herpes, feline leukemia, feline immunodeficiency or feline infectious peritonitis, as well as infection Cryptococcus.
In sum, as with most diseases, taking your kitty to the vet for routine check-ups gives you the best chance of early detection of conditions that can cause eye problems in cats.
In the following article we will tell you everything you need to know about glaucoma in cats: characteristics, symptoms and treatments. Read more “