Why is eagles conservation so important in Spain? Both the eagle and the golden eagle respond to the image we have of the great eagles. Inhabitants of the mountains and the cliffs in their most aggressive, elegant and majestic areas in their flight, and jackets that catch their prey between their powerful claws. They are a symbol of our fauna.
But ignorance and ignorance helped to consider them enemies and competitors of the human being, wanting to exterminate them. That is why its conservation is so important today.
The conservation of Spanish eagles
The increasing knowledge of wildlife has helped to raise awareness of the need to preserve the natural heritage. Thus we have left behind the years in which Spain rewarded the death of birds of prey.
The attempts at extermination did not hit the spot and our country still has the most important European population of a golden eagle and a golden eagle. In spite of everything, the battle is still far from being won. Approximately 80% of the specimens born of both species do not reach reproductive age, to which is added the high% of deaths of adult individuals each year.
Generalities of both species
The golden eagle
It is known by its scientific name as Aquila chrysaetos. It is one of our biggest raptors and, without a doubt, one of the most extraordinary birds that fly over the Spanish skies.
Population and distribution
The Spanish eagle population is the most important in Western Europe. Per suffers a worrisome decline and irregular distribution by peninsular geography. There are around 1200 breeding pairs in our country, of the 5000 European couples.
In the Iberian Peninsula, its territory is in the most mountainous and less humanized areas. Perched on a rock or on a tree branch, they go dormant most of the day, watching their domains.
It is varied, although it is based on 70-90% of small mammals, especially rabbits and hares, but also reptiles and small birds. Nor do they despise dead animals and it is not uncommon to see them fly over the carrion, driving away the vultures.
But if the ecological function of the golden eagle stands out as something, it is as a superpredator, capturing foxes, garduñas, ginetas or wild cats. This helps control their populations. And it also limits the spread of diseases by hunting sick or injured prey,
The partridge eagle
Known by its scientific name Aquila fasciata, is a medium-sized bird, characteristic of mountainous systems. Its size is about 170 cm, and it can weigh up to 2 and a half kilos, especially females.
In Europe there are approximately 900 couples, and the most important reproductive nucleus is in our country, with about 750 couples. Most of them are found in the Subbética, Penibética, Iberian System and Sierra Morena Mountains.
It is a sedentary raptor that installs its nests in mountainous areas of low altitude. It is aggressive and precise of great territorial dominions, expelling from them the great vultures when they invade them.
The lost eagle is an eminently hunting bird that is not known scavenger habits. Dams that do not exceed 6 kilos are part of their diet, especially rabbits, pigeons, partridges, corvids and large reptiles.
Because of its ability to fly to catch birds, it is a very valuable species for the population control of corvids.
The conservation of Spanish eagles
His biggest problems are:
- The alteration of the habitat by the hand of man.
- The increase in mortality due to electrocution, shooting, poisons or plunder.
- The decrease in food resources as a result of the decline in rabbit populations.
- The impact of certain outdoor human activities, such as climbing.
What is the solution?
- Ensure tranquility in the breeding areas during the breeding season.
- Reduce unnatural mortality.
- Ensure optimal populations of natural dams.
Its powerful flights and majestic appearance continue to seduce us. How many types of eagles are there? What are their characteristics? Read more “