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Parrot – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Diseases (Budgies)

Parrot - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Diseases of Budgies

Animal diseases

Parrot – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment of Diseases (Budgies)

Proper care and feeding wavy parrot is the key to his health. Diseases of budgies are varied, but many of them have similar external manifestations. A diseased bird is significantly different from a healthy one.

Signs of a healthy bird

A healthy parrot has bright neat plumage and bright eyes. The bird reacts vividly to surrounding events and even sings. Resting healthy parrot on one paw.

Wavy parrot – well, what is not handsome?

Signs of a healthy bird are:

  • sleek and clean beak;
  • the beak has no splits or cracks;
  • brilliant, thin and smooth horn scales on paws;
  • undertail – cleaned and without litter residues.

With decent care, budgies can live for more than 15 years.

Often, feathered owners are rather inattentive to their pets. They are too late to turn to veterinarians with a sick bird. You should periodically inspect wavy parrots to determine their health.

General principles of treatment of parrots

When a wavy parrot is sick, it shows apathy to everything that happens around. He laughs, sometimes trembles, and often sleeps for a long time sitting on both paws, or leaning on the perch. A sick bird does not respond to sounds and movements and does not clean the plumage.

In some cases, if a parrot gets sick, then it may refuse to eat or drink. In wavy parrots very quickly metabolic processes occur.

In case of any diseases and pathologies, the bird needs additional warmth. After isolating the sick individual, it can be heated by a lamp placed next to the cage, maintaining 27 degrees optimal for it. Warming up is useful in almost all diseases (with the exception of mechanical damage, fractures, bleeding or heat stroke).

Warming up allows the patient to raise the temperature of the sick parrot, to accelerate the course of metabolic processes, thereby increasing the resistance of her body to illness. This procedure should be carefully carried out, and when the bird will spread its wings to the sides, heating should be reduced.

If a parrot has a disorder in the stool, the simplest thing to do to treat it is to give activated carbon to a bird or another adsorbent. The tablet should be crushed into powder and sprinkle half the food, and add the second part to the drinker.

To support the general tonus of the bird and restore its liver function, it is recommended to use glucose ascorbine. Glucose itself is effectively used to combat gastric disorders in birds, especially of viral origin. To do this, 10% solution of the drug watered birds for 2-4 weeks. If necessary, repeat the treatment after a month.

Honey also has an excellent tonic, it is added to water for parrots (5-6 drops per 100 g). It is recommended for use in various diseases: shedding, vitamin deficiency, exhaustion, poisoning or liver disease. To improve the therapeutic effect of honey alternate with ascorbic and glucose.

If the parrot is sick, the bird must be provided with a calm environment, it is desirable to place it in a quiet and comfortable place.

Methods of supplying drugs to sick birds

The easiest way to deliver a drug to a parrot is to mix it in food. It is only necessary to divide the daily dose of the drug for the whole daily diet. For one wavy parrot, the norm of the grain mixture is 2 teaspoons.

A syringe (without a needle!) Is a great way to get a medicine to drink.

Recommend to mix drugs in the morning. At this time, the bird has time to get hungry for the night and pecks the grain with the right medicine. To evenly distribute the grain, you can lightly moisten it (so that the crushed powder tablets stick to it). Water-soluble types of drugs are mixed in drinking water. This way of “delivery” of drugs will be more simple.

In severe cases, when the parrot is sick, he refuses to drink and eat, you can give medicine forcibly.

For these purposes, take medicine into the syringe without a needle and pour it into the mouth (in the right corner of the throat). It is necessary to give medicine in small portions, so that the bird does not choke. The parrot is taken in one hand and two fingers are fixed opening its beak. Medicine is dripped into the mouth, controlling swallowing by the movement of the tongue. When the parrot is sick, in the clinic, the birds can be injected with a probe or by intramuscular injection. Such procedures can be done only by a veterinarian.

Common signs of parrot disease

The most important indicators of the health of wavy parrots are their behavior and appearance. The most characteristic manifestations of the disease or poor health of the bird include the following:

  • the bird sleeps all the time, does not watch and does not care for its plumage, does not play and does not actively move;
  • depletion of a parrot is determined by protruding keel. If the bird is very depleted, provide additional warmth to the veterinarian’s visit;
  • the parrot is breathing heavily, or sniffles, although outwardly it looks almost healthy. Such symptoms may indicate chronic diseases. This bird needs a thorough examination;
  • in birds, mucus from the nasal passages of the beak, and frequent sneezing;
  • the parrot sits on a perch, and the tail is lowered perpendicular to the floor. Such a symptom may signal problems with the lungs;
  • the bird drinks a lot. This may indicate digestive problems or kidney problems;
  • the parrot had growths on its paws. Joints become inflamed, and reddening and sores may occur. Such signs have bacterial infections.

Symptoms of a serious wavy parrot disease can occur throughout the day.

Some symptoms of parrot’s internal organs

When inspecting the birds pay attention to the tailstock, eyes, beak and legs, as well as the texture of the litter. It should be remembered that diarrhea in parrots is a consequence of the disease, and not the disease itself. Such a disorder may indicate inflammatory processes in the intestine or other organs of the gastrointestinal tract of a bird.

The wavy parrot suffers from a disease of internal organs quite hard. Only in those cases when there is a firm belief that the parrot is not sick, and the presence of diarrhea is caused by an improper diet – can you try to treat the parrots yourself.

In such cases, the bird recovers after several days of taking activated charcoal. Long-term diarrhea may be accompanied by drowsiness and lethargy of the bird. When a wavy parrot is sick, it usually lacks a normal appetite. In such cases, treatment can only be carried out by a specialist.

Definition of diseases by litter

Normal dung of wavy parrots should be curled up in the form of a worm, most often of a green-brown shade with a sprinkling of white. When feeding birds a large number of greens or vegetables, it may acquire a more green color, but its shape does not change. After eating a carrot or beet, it can be tinted accordingly.

In many ways, the health of a parrot depends on the feed.

If the bird dung is liquid, the color has changed and is not restored, then it is very possible that the parrot is sick, and this is a sign of a serious illness. If there is undigested grain in the litter, then this may be a sign of inflammation of the goiter or an infectious process in the body. If the bird with such symptoms of the disease still refuses to eat, then this may indicate that the parrot has a fungal disease.

Coloring of the litter in bright yellow or green-yellow color is an indicator of either liver disease or the presence of parasites in the body. Sometimes these symptoms have poisoned parrots. 
Light gray or light brown, as well as white droppings signal disturbances in the pancreas. If the litter is white, then the bird has kidney problems or digestive tract organs. At the same time appointed Tsamaks, Linex and Vitasol.

If there are no blotches of white matter in the litter and there is a lot of clear liquid in it, then this may be a symptom of nervous system problems or nerve inflammation. Such parrots often drink, but still moisture is not retained in the body, and the bird loses a lot of fluid.

Excessive fluid in the litter can be evidence of violations in the microflora. Probiotics are used to restore it. Bird treatment is carried out with drugs: Lactobifadol (or Linex) and Vetom.

Vetom well established himself among the poultry farmers.

Black manure is evidence of bleeding in the internal organs of the digestive tract. For its treatment use Ditsinon (in ampoules). In four drops of water dissolve a drop of the drug and inject 1 drop of the mixture into a sick parrot in its beak. This drug is given with a syringe for 2-3 days. The cause of black litter can be parasites, protozoa, or helminths, which “settled” inside the bird.

If blood is found in the litter, then such a bird cannot be heated with a lamp. She is prescribed 1 drop of vikasol 2 times a day, a weak infusion of plantains or nettle tea.

Description of some diseases in wavy parrots

Diseases of parrots have a different etiology and require adequate treatment.

Food poisoning

Poisoned birds show great thirst, diarrhea appears, wings drop and seizures occur. In case of poisoning with a parrot, they first give a sorbent to reduce the level of toxins: Activated carbon, Smektu, Enterodez, Enterosgel, Polifepam, Filtrum. For acute intoxication, the sorbent is given 3 times a day, in severe cases – every 2 hours.

Activated charcoal does not need to be given for longer than 3 days, if the symptoms do not go away, then the cause of the disease is much deeper. An hour later, the bird is injected after the adsorbent other drugs. In case of poisoning, it is recommended to warm the bird with a lamp (3-6 hours per day). You can add a few drops of lemon juice to the drinker.

Diseases of the digestive tract

If the parrot is sick, a weekly chamomile decoction is used instead of water for its treatment.

Depending on the symptoms, the bird is prescribed for 2 weeks:

  • Tsamaks – half a teaspoon per day serving;
  • Karsil – 1 tablet in a feeding trough with a grain mixture. It is given for liver diseases and poisoning;
  • Vitasol – eight drops of this vitamin complex is dissolved in 100 ml of water;
  • veto – the drug is active against a wide range of harmful microorganisms;
  • Reglan – eliminates nausea and vomiting, accelerates the processes of digestion and emptying.

Also, sick birds are prescribed Linex, Laktobifadol and Vetom for violations of the GIT microflora.

Cold

A cold parrot trembles, often sneezes (sometimes there are discharges from the beak). The bird is inactive, caged, sleeps a lot. She often scratches her eyes or cinnamon, and can refuse to eat or drink. The mucosa on the nose has an inflamed red color. The bird breathes heavily (the tail moves to the beat of breathing), often swallows.

Sometimes it can burp wet grains from its beak due to inflamed mucous membrane. This parrot should be heated with a lamp. Chamomile tea is added to the drinker, as well as a drop of honey and lemon.

In severe cases of the disease, treatment is recommended by inhalation with eucalyptus oil or menthol, as well as an “asterisk”. The inhaler is placed next to the cell and covered with loose tissue. Such procedures should be done during the week for 20 minutes, 2 times a day. If the bird breathes heavily during inhalation, opens its wings wide and covers its eyes, the procedure time should be reduced and the fabric draped slightly lifted.

Avitaminosis

When feeding wavy parrots with monotonous food, poor in vitamins, they often suffer from vitamin deficiency. In the bird, the eyelids and the mucous membranes of the eyes swell and redden. If a parrot is sick, then they have a general weakness, limbs can tremble violently, and the bird throws its head back.

Especially chicks suffer from vitamin deficiencies; their feathers ruffle and become dull. To combat the disease, improve the quality of food, add vitamins to the diet (Vitasol).

Coccidosis

Poor care and inaccurate content can cause coccidosis in wavy parrots. The diseased bird loses weight, looks depressed, feathers are disheveled, it has a poor appetite and thirst. Symptoms are complicated by diarrhea with blood splashes and vomiting. The bird may die from dehydration and exhaustion.

The treatment is carried out at first with eimerostatics, which suppress the life of America, the simplest ones that provoke coccidiosis. For these purposes, the diseased bird has prescribed Amprolium. It can also be used for the prevention of this disease of parrots (5g tablets crushed into powder are added to 1 kg of grain mixture). The next stage of treatment is carried out using Baycox and Madox.

Salmonellosis

Quite often, wavy parrots have this disease. Its causative agent is salmonella (rod-shaped bacteria). A bird can become infected through drinking water, feed, or excretion of sick birds. Inadequate and monotonous diet can activate the disease process and lead to an exacerbation of the disease.

If the parrot is sick with salmonellosis, the disease proceeds quite rapidly. However, he may die due to dehydration due to severe diarrhea.

The short incubation period of the disease (3-4 days) is manifested in lethargy, depression of the bird. She has a fever and intestinal upset. In the acute course of the disease, blueing of the legs and beak is noted, which may indicate sepsis. Litter – liquid, has an orange-green color interspersed with blood. The chronic form provokes the development of the yellowness of the mucous membranes in birds. A sick bird has paralysis of the legs and wings and it dies.

Inflammation of the joints (arthritis)

Causes of arthritis can be overweight, a lot of stress on the limbs of a bird due to inappropriate size of the perch. In sick parrots, swelling of the joints on the paws is noted. The treatment of overweight birds is carried out using a discharge diet. The perch needs to be wrapped with a cloth so that the fingers are almost horizontal.

Paw ulcers

The wrong size of the perch, the lack of movement and the lack of vitamin A can provoke in parrots an education on the legs of corns, namin and ulcers. In this case, the bird often raises its foot, pulls it with its beak and nibbles. To remove the edema, it is recommended to make soda lotions or baths. This procedure softens tissues and removes purulent formations.

A varied diet, good living conditions, and adequate medication therapy will help fight the disease of budgies. The grateful bird will long please you with its cheerful singing.

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