Swollen paws in dogs can indicate from a simple injury to a chronic disease. Observing the possible associated symptoms will help determine the origin of the animal discomfort.
There are many factors that can lead to swelling of the limbs. To determine them, It is worth analyzing how the process has taken place, the number of affected areas and the type of inflammation. Local pain or the presence of internal fluid are two of the most frequent discomforts. However, the severity of each of them is totally opposite.
Therefore, in case of swollen legs in dogs the best option will be to go to the professional.
Causes and symptoms
Regardless of the cause, pain and heat are recurring symptoms. This increase in temperature can lead to a feverish state, which does not have to correspond to the most serious conditions.
Some of the pathologies that can lead to swelling are:
- Arthritis. In addition to pain and heat, redness and lameness are usually very common. This pathology is very common in the joints of older dogs, although it can occur in young dogs that have a genetic predisposition.
- Sprains. Whether due to trauma or continued physical exertion, they are the main reasons for the swelling. Big dogs are more likely to suffer them; they become evident by the limp shown.
- Hypertrophic osteodystrophy. This bone disease affects large breed puppies during their development process. It is characterized by being very painful, affect several extremities and come accompanied by febrile episodes. If not treated properly, with anti-inflammatory, hygienic and sanitary care and rest, it can be severely complicated.
- Hygroma. It is defined as a sack of non-painful fluid formed in the dog’s joints. Normally, it originates due to excessive pressure due to bad postures. It must be treated to prevent infection.
- Osteosarcoma. Bone cancer is one of the deadliest diseases and it affects mainly large dogs. The greater the progression of the disease, the greater the inflammation, pain and local heat.
Treatment of swollen legs in dogs
To determine the cause of the swelling, the veterinarian will perform a series of diagnostic tests among which the blood and urine tests, as well as limb x-rays. In the event that the latter are inconclusive, an MRI may be required. If osteosarcoma is suspected, a bone biopsy will be performed.
For milder conditions will be scheduled anti-inflammatory, rest and possibly physiotherapy. If it is a liquid bag, it may be necessary to remove it surgically. As for cancer cases, in addition to chemotherapy treatments, the most common is to opt for limb amputation.
Preventing swollen paws in dogs may not always be feasible. However, in relation to arthritis It is important to control the weight of the animal and perform a moderate exercise.
Physical activity should always be practiced in a balanced way, and its excess is as dangerous as its defect. Likewise, avoid bad postures and too hard beds It can reduce the probability of suffering from hygromas.
Adopting a healthy lifestyle and conducting regular veterinary check-ups will help animals to be less likely to get diseases and, if so, the best treatment should be administered as soon as possible.
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