Staphylococcus in dogs occurs quite often. Even if the owners of the animal carefully monitor its hygiene, proper nutrition and regularly make it all the necessary vaccinations, to avoid this problem is not always possible. For representatives of most dog breeds, long walks in the fresh air are a guarantee of good health, but it is here that the main danger lurks. Staphylococci are extremely tenacious organisms that are common in the natural environment.
Staphylococcus in dogs occurs quite often
While walking, dogs behave very actively, therefore, even small injuries of the skin often become open gates for infection. Staphylococcus often causes skin manifestations and severe itching, which helps Chlorophyllipt. For a dog, staphylococcus poses a serious danger, since it can quickly spread in the body of an animal, involving all vital organs in the pathological process. Only timely detection of the problem and comprehensive treatment can reduce the risk of severe complications and premature death of a pet.
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Causes of staphylococcal infection in dogs
Perfectly healthy animals kept in good conditions rarely fall prey to this disease. It is worth noting that staphylococcus refers to gram-positive organisms. Currently identified many of its varieties. The most dangerous is Staphylococcus aureus. This microorganism is extremely difficult to treat, since it has developed immunity to most of the most commonly used antibiotic drugs. Some other staphylococcus species have not yet acquired resistance, and therefore are much easier to treat in animals.
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Even if the owners of the animal carefully monitor its hygiene, proper nutrition and regularly make it all the necessary vaccinations, to avoid this problem is not always possible
Different dogs are not equally susceptible to this infection. In some breeds, it is much more common than in others. For example, in yard dogs, such an infection is extremely rare and occurs much more easily than their well-born counterparts. An important factor is the state of health of the animal at the time of infection. So, young and strong dogs with good immunity may not show symptoms of this infectious disease. Old or weakened by other diseases, animals are more likely to be affected by staphylococcus and it is much harder to get infected with it. Currently, a number of conditions have already been identified, largely predisposing to the defeat of the dog’s body by this pathogenic microflora. These include:
- kidney and liver disease;
- vitamin deficiency;
- parasitic invasions;
- tendency to allergic reactions;
- weakening of the immunity of any etiology.
Many owners themselves create the prerequisites for the development of this infectious disease. For example, a staphylococcal infection in dogs often affects the skin after it has been damaged by dermatitis, including that caused by demodex mites. Often, the defeat of the animal can result from inadequate care. So, if the owners of the dog do not bathe her after a walk and do not properly clean her hair and paw pads, this can create conditions for the further penetration of pathogenic microflora into the body.
Perfectly healthy animals kept in good conditions are rarely victims of this disease.
In addition, it is necessary to take into account that many breeds of dogs bred by humans are distinguished by reduced immunity, which is unable to recognize and destroy staphylococcus. If a person wants to have such an animal, then he first needs to study all the necessary information about him in order to know how to properly care for him and how to prevent infection.
Staphylococcus in dogs (video)
Symptomatic manifestations of staphylococcus in dogs
In animals, there are 2 main forms of this infection: dermatological and generalized. Each of these varieties of staph is dangerous in its own way. Almost in 100% of staphylococcal lesions of the dog’s body, pyoderma develops. Often, in this case, there is infection of the dog itself, which combs the covers, experiencing itching from flea bites. This form of dermatological lesion of the skin usually does not give too pronounced symptoms. Most often, it causes severe itching in an animal, as well as small pustules, which are usually filled with a turbid liquid. Chlorophyllipt helps to eliminate such manifestations.
If the dog’s immunity is weakened by infections, weeping dermatitis can result from the spread of microorganisms. In this case, developing staphylococcus in dogs has more severe symptoms. Inflamed areas may appear on the paws, abdomen, groin and skin folds. These places are painful and cause discomfort to the animal. They are clearly visible, as edematous and have a bright red tint. When the infection spreads deep into the skin, large boils may appear, and hair will begin to fall. In the absence of targeted treatment, the disease can become chronic.
In addition, it is not uncommon for dogs to develop allergic reactions in the presence of a staphylococcal infection. This is a pretty terrible sign. Manifestations of animal sensitization can be very diverse. Often, extensive areas of redness and small purulent papules appear on the skin. In this case, the chlorophyllipt can be used only after consulting the veterinarian, as the dog’s sensitized organism can react badly to it.
However, signs of primary lesion by staphylococcus can be observed not only on the integuments. Often detected infection of the ears. This is an extremely dangerous condition, since under certain circumstances a purulent process can cause the development of a facial nerve paralysis in a pet. Only with proper treatment can it be reversible. The specific signs of infection with staphylococcus auricles include an unpleasant smell emanating from them, and the general restless behavior of the animal. In the future, the inflammatory process can go to the inner ear, causing the development of otitis media. In the absence of a targeted treatment, rhinitis and conjunctivitis may appear due to the spread of the infection.
Under certain circumstances, staphylococcal mucous membranes may be affected. This can trigger the development of such dangerous diseases for dogs as myometrium and endometritis. In the absence of timely treatment, the inflammatory process can cause infertility of the animal.
Staphylococcus aureus in dogs often causes a generalized form of the disease. Other varieties of this pathogenic organism can also provoke this severe form of the disease, but this happens rarely enough. Generalized lesion of the dog’s organism by Staphylococcus aureus often resembles food poisoning with symptomatic manifestations. Breeding pathogenic microflora produces a large number of toxins that poison the body of an animal. This leads to characteristic symptoms. In a dog, the disease may be accompanied by severe vomiting and diarrhea. In young and old dogs, this can cause dehydration, which can lead to the death of the animal.
Methods of diagnosis of staphylococcal infection
Considering that some dermatological diseases may have similar symptoms with this infectious invasion, when signs of skin lesions appear, it is necessary to consult a specialist in a veterinary clinic. After examining the animal, the veterinarian can take the material for carrying out bacposev. In some cases, tissue sampling for biopsy is required. To exclude an allergic reaction, a special test may be proposed.
In addition, examination is often required to determine the immune diseases in an animal. After a comprehensive diagnosis and identification of the nature of the problem, adequate treatment of staphylococcus in dogs can be prescribed. You should not try to conduct staphylococcal therapy without first consulting a doctor, as the wrong selection of medications can aggravate the situation and cause deterioration in the animal’s condition.
Treatment of Staphylococcal Infection in Dogs
First of all, therapy should be aimed at eliminating the existing symptoms that cause great anxiety in animals. Eliminate itching using Chlorophyllipt. In addition to this drug, Tribax can be used to eliminate existing skin signs of the disease. At the same time, Chlorophyllipt has a milder effect and is easier to use, so most veterinarians prescribe it. Properly selected medical complex allows you to quickly reduce the level of discomfort of the animal.
If the affected areas of the skin are swollen and painful, then washing them with Dimexide may be recommended. Also help to cope with such manifestations of applications from novocaine. For topical administration, special antibacterial gels and ointments are actively used. These include chemotrypsin and lysozyme. With moist dermatitis, you can use tools such as Protargol and Tinin.
First of all, therapy should be aimed at eliminating the existing symptoms that cause great anxiety in animals.
To eliminate the allergic reaction that has developed against the background of an increase in the number of staphylococcus, antihistamines can be prescribed. Directly to fight staphylococcus requires the use of antibiotics (in the form of tablets or injections). Usually prescribed drugs belonging to the group of quinolines. These tools include Cyclox, Baytril, Zipronol, Cyclox, Quinocol, Entroxil. Usually, several drugs are injected into the treatment regimen. Depending on the severity of symptomatic manifestations, a course of antibiotic therapy can last from 3 to 6 weeks.
Depending on the severity of symptomatic manifestations, a course of antibiotic therapy can last from 3 to 6 weeks.
Dogs during this period require targeted immunostimulating therapy, which can be both active and passive. These therapies vary significantly. With active immune therapy, used to treat staphylococcus, special toxoids and antigens are injected into the animal’s body. In some cases, the drug is introduced Antiphagion, but it shows its effectiveness is not at all types of staphylococcal infections. Well proven drug specially developed for dogs TSA. Particularly effective is the administration of this drug in the early stages of the disease.
Currently, widespread treatment with bacteriophage. In this case, a special virus is introduced into the body of an infected dog, which attacks staphylococcus, contributing to its rapid death. Such therapy shows itself to be quite effective, even with a generalized form of the disease, which is very hard in an animal. As part of therapy, nutritional correction and the use of vitamin complexes may be required.
Proper complex treatment with the use of modern drugs allows not only to quickly alleviate the condition of the animal, but also to prevent the development of complications. Be sure to complete a full course of therapy. It is now known that even after the elimination of all symptoms, the pathogen remains in the body of the animal. The combined treatment allows to reduce the risk of recurrence.
Skin diseases in dogs (video)
Prevention of staph infection in dogs
This disease is extremely insidious and can occur at any time with a beloved four-way friend. However, if you wish, you can use a number of preventive measures to strengthen the dog’s immunity and prevent infection. First of all, it is necessary to provide the animal with nutrition balanced for its age. In addition, the dog must be given special vitamins, which will favorably affect its health.
It is necessary to undergo a routine vaccination. Often, due to the weakening of the body of the animal in comparison with other infections, staphylococcus begins to affect the skin and mucous membranes. In addition, it is important to take care of the elimination of the parasites in the animal. Regular bathing of a dog with special anti-flea shampoos and the use of special drops will reduce the risk of scratching the skin of animals, which will not allow the infection to get inside. For walks in the forest, you must wear a special suit on your pet and treat it with antiparasitic agents that repel ticks.
It is recommended to protect the animal from communication with domestic dogs and cats. If the dog has folded skin, then you should periodically check it for the presence of inflammation. This will identify the source of infection at an early stage of its development. Careful animal care will reduce the risk of infection with staphylococcus.