It would be a fairly direct descendant of the famous mastiffs of Tibet, described by Marco Polo in the thirteenth century.
These Molossi were however already well known to the Romans who used them as guardians for military camps during the countryside; with the Roman legions they would arrive in Germany and in particular in Rottweil, seat of an important garrison, in Wurtemberg.
Here, over time, the Molossians of the Romans ended up crossing with local cattle dogs, to produce the breed that we know today and that took its name from the city of Rottweil. The Rottweiler is considered to be one of the most powerful and strong dogs in the world.
Intrepid and efficient defense dog, the Rottweiler is very obedient and disciplined, but only if he recognizes the authority of the master: an authority that is acquired with sweetness, calm and consistency in the commands.
He is very sweet and patient with children, but he becomes fierce with strangers, especially if they have a tendency to “be smart”! When the Rottweiler feels threatened the owner or his property, he immediately puts into effect his defense system, thanks to his fighting nature and the deep protective instinct that animates him.
With his lips retracted and his jaws open to show the fearsome teeth, he threatens the opponent, preparing to attack; in these cases it is better to back off! But as soon as the danger has passed, his aggression disappears and the dog returns to being peaceful and calm.
Wise and balanced, he never barks unnecessarily; he is absolutely faithful to his master and family, for whom he is willing to give his life; however, he needs a close bond with the owner and does not tolerate being on the chain or otherwise alone for too long.
■ Robust, muscular and solid dog
■ Skull of medium length, wide between the ears
■ Medium size almond eyes
■ Chest well descended with arched ribs
■ Coarse, smooth and flat fur
■ Height at the withers: 60 to 68 cm for males; from 55 to 63 cm for females
■ Weight: from 42 to 50 kg
■ Average life span: 13 years
But let’s find out together and more closely this beautiful and intrepid Molossian.
1. Origin and history of the Rottweiler
Until the 1930s, the Rottweiler was practically unknown outside Germany, and it was necessary to wait the 60s for its effective establishment in various countries of the world, but above all in the Anglo-Saxon countries, countries renowned for their influence on the reputation of the breeds. An encyclopedia published in 1971 reported that, with 400 births per year in the United States and 200 in Great Britain, the German Mountain Dog had now “secured survival”. In France the first specimens appeared in the 70s.
The Rottweiler derives from the “mastiff” and it is a “robust breed” dog, directly descended from the Molossians, bred for combat and war, but which was used for more peaceful tasks, for which courage and a firmness combined with a certain skill were indispensable. These tasks were the management of cattle both on the farm and on the street or next to the butchers. If this hereditary molossoid component was predominant in the dog, due to the work required, new needs arose later (mobility, receptivity of training etc.), they requested the crossing with shepherd breeds and that, in the end, they managed to change the appearance of this dog.
However, even if the German Mountain Dog has been neglected over the centuries (it is not found painted by a famous artist, neither in the form of a statue, nor described by some great writer), it would not be correct to conclude by claiming that its origins are indeterminate and dark. His ancestors are known and also famous. They are the Roman Molossians, certainly not the “Canes Pugnaces” that were launched against the fairs in the arena or against the barbarians, but those who guarded and guided the herds following the armies, that is, the “mastiffs”. The word mastiff comes from the Latin “mansuetus”, domesticated. The ancestors of the Rottweiler were tame Molossians.
Of course, they were able to guard the camps, a function they actually performed. Before embarking on the assault on the primitive and turbulent tribes of Germany, the Roman legions colonized Elvezia and built a network of communication routes across the whole country. Starting from the Gotthard pass, one of these reached, after crossing the Furka pass, the current canton of Bern and the Entlebuch; another headed north through Aargau and Schaffhausen, a third bent eastward towards Appenzell. By these names, the regions known to have been the cradle of 3 of the 4 Swiss Cattle Dogs, the Bernese Mountain Dog, the Entlebuch Mountain Dog and the Appenzell Mountain Dog.
These dogs, of course, are significantly different from Rottweilers, but an expert eye can find many common points. As for the 4th Swiss Cattle Dog, the Great Swiss Cattle Dog, has not been given a more precise geographical denomination due to its much wider diffusion and it is indeed the Swiss Cattle Dog that is closest to the German Cattle Dog. While several bloodlines settled, the Romans continued further. In particular, they established a vast permanent military camp to Rottweil (in present-day Baden-Wurttemberg), used to control the restless Germans instead of colonizing them. It is from the cattle dogs of that camp that the Rottweiler descends.
In the Middle Ages the imperial city of Rottweil became an important commercial center, which attracted people not only from the Swiss area, but also from more distant places, such as from France or Hungary. It is no wonder, then, that cattle traders and butchers formed solid guilds in Rottweil and that the Bovaries multiplied in the region. In fact, from the eighteenth century, when the city reached the peak of prosperity and wealth, Rottweil’s slaughter dogs had achieved some fame.
Although they didn’t arouse enormous interest in dog enthusiasts as much as they did the great naturalist A. F. Brehm, despite having described numerous types of dog of his time, never mentioned the dogs of Rottweil. Only Richard Strebel, in a work published in Munich in 1905, “Die Deutscher Hunde und Ihre Abstammung” (The German Dog and his genealogy), quickly remembers them. This great Molossian enthusiast connects the Rottweiler Metzgerhund to the Swiss cattlemen, although he considers it as a link between the latter and the Bavarian Cattle Dogs, to whom recognition as a breed has been granted only for the hard-haired variety (the Giant Schnauzer).
Like many other cattle dogs, even Rottweil’s could never have appeared on the dog scene. In 1900, in the same city of Rottweil, it was not possible to find that only one bitch worthy of representing the local type, for the simple reason that there, as indeed in France or in England, the transfer of large herds by road belonged to the past, since it hindered an increasingly intense movement, and that in its place that by rail had taken over.
As for the city of Rottweil, it no longer attracted merchants; in a nutshell, the race of a time famous was in danger of disappearing forever. Fortunately, at the beginning of the century, some determined connoisseurs founded a breed club and hurried to define a standard, which it was reproduced in 1904 in the monumental work “The dog breeds” of the count of Bylandt.
The Rottweiler benefited from the decisive push when German army experts became interested in the canine species. So, like the German Shepherd, the Boxer and the Dobermann, he was asked to contribute to the intense preparations for war. Starting in 1912, Rottweil’s rude butcher dog was selected for almost exclusively military purposes. This dog will remain poorly known for a long time outside his home country. He will not arrive in the United States until 1930 and, 5 years later, the American Kennel Club, will judge him rooted enough to recognize him officially.
In Britain, official recognition only took place in 1966, despite the fact that the first specimens had been presented at the great Cruft exhibition since 1936. France will have an even slower reaction, given that the Book of French origins, will register the first subject in the 1970.
The Rottweiler in Italy entered for the first time in 1938, thanks to Paolo Serni of Genoa, who bought a pair from the German “von Hacker brucke” kennel. The Italian breeding, however, began in 1950, thanks to 2 veterinarians from Como, Armando Sala and Gustavo Colombo, who imported 2 subjects from Switzerland and began to breed under the affix of “Rotargis”. From the mid-70s the succession of the Rottweiler becomes consistent and important, thanks also to the Conti gentlemen, owners of the “Riva Petrosa” cattery, which produced high level samples, such as Jeriche who qualified as the best subject of the breed, at the world exhibition in Verona in 1980. The example was followed by other breeders, such as Marco Scardassa (breeding of the Scorpion), and Quario Rondo (breeding of Quario Rondo), which gave the breed a big boost.
At the beginning of the century and based on the illustrations contained in Bylandt’s work, the Rottweiler looked roughly like the Boxer: it had a similar shape, neither heavy nor light, but a less contracted aspect, less elegant lines, with ears left natural, in a few words it had a fairly common, rustic air and, above all, without that extraordinary power that is currently its own. In 80 years the Rottweiler has gained twenty pounds. You will also notice the taurine neckline and the exceptional chest width in modern specimens. This dog has, by now, all the power of the Dogo, combined with a speed of action and a resistance close to those of lighter breeds. It is the most powerful of all dogs undergoing work.
German breeders have, in fact, managed to maintain the safety, exuberance, dissuasive power, uncontrollable courage and tenacity of the Dogo, without ceasing to use it for work, to meet the needs of its users: armies, police, professional or sports trainers. Thus, his fame is not due so much to the measures of the body or to the hard and severe aspect, as to considerations of a utilitarian nature.
The Rottweiler was adopted by the German police and army riot units; he is also the most busy dog by the Austrian police; several have been used American prisons; finally, it is inserted in a paratroopers commando in Brazil. It is therefore not a serious dog at all.
On the other hand, it can be used as an avalanche or catastrophe dog, can practice all sports and is highly appreciated as an intervention dog or for the surveillance of warehouses and premises. Even his aptitude for finding truffles has been tested for excellent results.
2. Behavior of the Rottweiler
The Rottweiler has great qualities, but neophytes must be warned against the reckless choice of this breed. There is little in common between this dog and a shepherd dog, although they can have significantly the same fields of use.
The Rottweiler is a Molossian, just as Raymond Triquet said with good reason, it is “like those weapons that show themselves not to use them”.
In general, the breeding of the Dogos has been oriented towards the selection of extremely powerful dogs, often of large size, with a decidedly grim appearance, and therefore they are sufficiently dissuasive on their own so that their fighting spirit, their tenacity, their courage.
The Doghi specialists, however, strongly advise against training these dogs for defense and actual use in this task, since few people would be able to master them in all circumstances.
Now if he kept the psychic characteristics of Dogo, the Rottweiler is at the same time a working dog, which therefore cannot be entrusted to anyone. For this reason, before defining his personality, we should insist on one point: needs a suitable master for him! This owner must naturally be endowed with unquestionable authority and, even without being a dog specialist, have some experience.
In addition, it is preferable that you become aware of the training problems. Without a doubt, a person who knows how to do it, could immediately choose a Rottweiler, but in many cases it is preferable before having trained one or more dogs with a dominant character. This dog must be tamed, in any case if it is a male, who, without exception, is always a distinctly dominant animal.
The female is definitely more tolerant, less independent, and integrates more easily into family life. Moreover, instinctively it has a protective instinct developed towards children. There are few breeds in which the difference between the sexes is so clear.
First of all it is appropriate to indicate in no uncertain terms the main flaw of the breed: the Rottweiler is not well disposed towards other dogs. It is not conceivable to have several Rottweilers in the house, except that, of course, they are a couple, nor to have the Rottweiler cohabit with any dog. Even walking, it is recommended to keep the dog firmly on a leash and to choose, at times, quiet paths. It can be objected that the other dogs will not necessarily be so dominant, which otherwise would constitute the very negation of this concept: there is no leader if there are no followers. It is however true that the breeding of the Rottweiler has aimed to select the most dominant subjects and that this characteristic is therefore proper to the breed.
In other words, a Rottweiler can submit to a sufficiently gifted man, but he will rarely tolerate that another dog can impose his will on him without the fight going off.
If with one word you want to define the temperament of the German Mountain Dog, it will be said that it belongs to the type “Choleric”. This does not mean that he “blows his nose” out of nonsense; on the contrary, it will be strongly emphasized that he has an extremely calm and peaceful disposition.
It only rarely barks (it is for this reason that, when it makes its voice heard, it is necessary to go and see). But when he is excited, or attacked, then he will mount in a terrible, irresistible rage and nothing will stop him. This temperament is observed in particular when the attack tests are to be faced with him.
Even if the training instructor continues to shake a mannequin in front of him, the dog will not see any interest in biting him for fun. It is enough, however, that the master is attacked and then the Rottweiler will intervene with all his enthusiasm (he has the reputation of a formidable “bite” as his jaws are an authentic vice, the most powerful in the canine world).
Contrary to what one might believe, this rude dog must not receive “Spartan” training, be subject to an almost military discipline. Although he is not a sensitive type, his education requires a good dose of subtlety, the ability to continuously mix an authority with a little sweetness.
It is highly recommended to carefully monitor the line to avoid gaining weight. However, it is not necessary to train them to have a valid dog. Of course, a solid education will allow him to be trained in all circumstances.
This born protector is the expression of a calm force, on which you can always rely, he is a dog that never barks unnecessarily, who waits for the last moment to intervene. Its severe appearance unquestionably inspires awe: no one would have the courage to cross a door if there is a Rottweiler beyond.
The Rottweiler is a very rustic dog, which generally enjoys excellent health: the average duration of his life is quite good (12 years) and, despite his weight, he is not frequently affected by coxo-femoral dysplasia (radiological checks carried out in France prove this). In any case, the buyer must demand a puppy born of parents without dysplasia.
Although he does not have an actual need for exercise, the Rottweiler appreciates venting his energies in a garden. It is preferable to obtain a 3 or 4 month old young man and to inculcate the basics of canine education, to make him a member of the family and, except in special cases, it is definitely not recommended to buy a trained adult.
This portrait is a little grim and severe, but the Rottweiler is an eminently serious dog, which should never be bought on a whim, to impress people and because there is an immediate need for safety.
3. Living space, nutrition, health, care and the ABC of the perfect master
You should definitely not leave it alone at home when you go on vacation A home Rottweiler truly represents a guarantee of safety. No thief will dare to challenge such a guardian.
But, if you leave for the holidays, take it with you or settle it in a pension that knows and where it is comfortable! Never do as unfortunately some do and leave the dog at home alone with an attendant who brings him food!
– The living space
Although it is seen more and more often circulating in cities, in fact the Rottweiler would not be suitable for apartment living.
This high-level animal, intelligent and quick in reactions, willingly adapts to it, just to be with its owner, but it is a subject with a strong-willed and daring character who needs to do a lot of movement and work.
He prefers to have a garden, even a small one (and very well fenced), with a nice wooden kennel, well insulated, to spend the hours when the owners are not at home.
Certainly, when the family returns, this dog wants more than anything else to share the space with the owner and it would be better to give it to him even if he is not offended, if he is forced to stay outside.
The Defense Dog should sleep inside the house, with access to all rooms, both to deal more effectively with any attackers who tried to enter through a door or window, and to prevent them from falling asleep or killing the dog and then entering undisturbed.
The relations of the Rottweiler with other animals depend on education: if he has been taught not to chase the cats and not to overturn the hamster cage, he will obey scrupulously, even if in his heart he would like to do the opposite!
– Its power
This dog needs a good quantity of food of equally good quality: therefore it is necessary to foresee the expense before purchasing the puppy.
The male Rottweiler reaches 60 kilos in weight, almost double that of a German Shepherd, of which he is much more voracious.
To feed it you need about a kilo of meat per day (which must be administered raw or grilled, never cooked with oil or butter), to which pasta or rice and vegetables must be added, as well as the necessary food supplements (salts and vitamins).
Even if he is offered the same meal every day, the Rottweiler does not protest and always likes his meal; the daily ration must be divided into two times: once in the morning and once in the evening, possibly at fixed times.
Finally, you should never let him run out of water since he needs at least 60 ml of water per kilo of body weight. We recommend using large stainless steel bowls, which are easily washable.
– Your health
Very rustic and robust, this dog generally enjoys excellent health and, despite its weight, does not go easily to coxofemoral dysplasia.
However, when buying the puppy, it is good to check that the parents are free from this disease. The short hair does not require grooming, but only an energetic brushing.
The Rottweiler doesn’t fear rain, nor wind, nor snow and tolerates low temperatures well; however, if it is all wet due to a shower, it is good to dry it with a terry towel, especially if it is cold. Finally, keep tooth hygiene under control.
– The ABC of the perfect master
■ If you want a good defense dog, but you have no experience with dogs, you don’t know how to educate them or how to train them, don’t dream of a Rottweiler, it is not a dog for beginners!
■ To live with a Rottweiler it is necessary to have some experience with dogs with a hyper-dominant character, since he must be educated to total obedience.
It is necessary to be firm and demanding, but equally patient. This dog learns rather slowly, since it reaches maturity only at three years of age.
■ It must not be bred with harshness and, least of all, with violence. Even if he has a rough and independent nature, he needs to feel loved. Pampering will go well with the female, while masculine and friendly pats on the shoulders with the male …
■ In the education of this dog, man and animal must form a close-knit couple. There must be total trust on the part of the dog and absolute coherence on the part of the owner: only in this way will the dog obey the slightest sign. If the owner changes commands and dispositions from one day to the next depending on the mood, the Rottweiler will take over …
■ You must be able to stop him in all circumstances.
■ Must obey the voice.
■ Authority must be united with friendship.
■ Give him a balanced, healthy and sporty life.
NOT TO DO
■ Don’t beat him.
■ Don’t teach them to attack.
■ Do not put him in very stressful situations for him.
4. Good to know
– TO KNOW
■ It would be better to be able to offer him a garden in which he can run without a run;
■ Does not tolerate the chain;
■ Must exercise a lot;
■ It is better to keep males on a leash because if they get angry they may not respond to the call;
■ Withstands bad weather;
■ The gate must be tightly closed. If there is a Rottweiler guarding the property, the door must be securely closed! Those who, in fact, enter without the approval of the landlord, would be considered a potential enemy and “stopped”.
■ The relationship with children: the female is more suitable than the male. Less independent, he integrates more easily with family life and his protective instinct is fully manifested towards the children entrusted to her. But be careful, a child cannot be the owner of a Rottweiler: this task is up to an adult.
■ In the Rottweiler, a distinction must be made between the male and the female: there are few breeds in which the difference is so evident. While he is always hyper-dominant, she is definitely more tolerant, so that among the fans of the breed there are some who prefer the male and others who prefer the female.
A defect of the breed is found instead in intolerance towards other dogs, including Rottweiler. It is practically impossible to keep more than one Rottweiler indoors, except for the couple. In fact, this animal submits to the master, if this has sufficient personality, but it is unthinkable that it can be submitted to another dog!
■ At what age to buy it? If you want to buy a Rottweiler, never choose an already trained adult. Although they are for sale, they are not a good choice: they will be only bodyguards, not friends and life companions … The ideal is a three-month-old puppy to be raised and educated personally, perhaps with the help of a expert.
The Rottweiler is not particularly early, however when he has learned something, it will remain in his memory for life and it will not be possible to make him unlearn it … for better or for worse! Today this dog is very fashionable and is encountered more and more often in cities, especially in the suburbs. Remember, however, that you should not choose a Rottweiler to boast of walking with an impressive Molosso on a leash, but because you really want to make him your friend, as well as a defender.
■ The Rottweiler ranks first in the classification of Defense and Work Dogs. It is very versatile and can be trained for different services, from chasing thugs to attack on command. It is part of the German police and army and is mainly used to monitor demonstrators. The Austrian police and many American prisons also use his services. In Brazil it is part of the paratroopers commandos, but it can also be trained as an avalanche or catastrophe dog and as a drug dog. He is able to find anything he is asked for, even truffles!
■ Very intelligent
■ Very devoted to the owner and careful in carrying out the tasks entrusted to him
■ Excellent guardian and defender
■ Very dominant
■ Not very tolerant
■ If he becomes nervous, he reacts badly
– TRUE FALSE
■ The Rottweiler is a dangerous dog.
False. He is a strong and robust guardian who, if educated and treated correctly, is absolutely reliable.
■ Barks a lot and annoys neighbors.
False. When he gives the voice he always has a good reason.
■ Respect the flowers and garden beds.
True… as long as he was taught to respect them from an early age.
■ Dig under the fence to escape.
False. He has no interest in escaping. His disposition and sense of responsibility made him stay on the property to stand guard.
5. Rottweiler standard
General appearance and characteristics
The Rottweiler is a medium to large breed dog, neither heavy nor light, nor tall on the legs, nor of a greyhound appearance. Of harmonious proportions, its stocky and vigorous appearance suggests strength, agility and endurance. In a pleasant and peaceful mood, he loves children; he is very fond, obedient, docile and works with pleasure. Its appearance betrays a natural robustness. He is self-confident, has a perfect nervous balance and is not easily impressed. He reacts very carefully to his surroundings.
Medium-length skull, wide between the ears; in profile the forehead is moderately convex. Well developed occipital protuberance, without pronounced protrusion. Stop well marked. Straight nasal bridge with wide base, which moderately decreases in width towards the front end; well developed black truffle, wider than round, with relatively large nostrils. Its muzzle must be neither too long nor too short compared to the skull. Well-fitting black lips, dark gums as much as possible. Powerful and wide jaws, both the lower and the upper. Well marked cheekbones.
Teeth: powerful and complete teeth (42 teeth); the upper incisors are articulated scissor on those of the lower jaw.
Eyes: medium size, almond-shaped, dark brown in color, with eyelids well adhering to the eyeball.
Ears: medium, hanging, triangular, very distant from each other and attached high; facing forward and well fitting, they make the head appear wider than it really is.
Robust, of medium length, well equipped with muscles, with a slightly convex upper profile. It is dry, free of dewlap and flabby skin under the throat.
Its length, measured from the tip of the sternum to that of the ischium, must exceed the height at the withers by no more than 15%. Straight, robust, firm back. The kidneys are short and deep. Thoracic croup, medium length, slightly rounded; it must not be rectilinear or sagging. Spacious, wide and well-descended ribcage with well-developed chest and circled ribs.
Cut short, so as to keep just one or two vertebrae.
Seen from the front, the forelegs are straight and not narrow. Seen in profile, the forearm is vertical. The scapula has an inclination of about 45 ° with respect to the horizontal. Shoulder well placed and well attached. Arm well adherent to the trunk: forearm vigorously developed and well equipped with muscles. Metacarpus slightly elastic, robust, slightly inclined.
Feet: round with the fingers tight and arched; compact bearings; black nails, short and strong.
Seen from behind, the hind limbs are straight and not narrow. In the resting station, the coxo-femoral, femoro-tibial (grassella) and tibio-tarsic (hock) joints form obtuse angles. Thigh of medium length, wide and well equipped with muscles. Long, powerful and wide leg due to the musculature; ends with a powerful hock, angled correctly, with sturdy tendons, but not too straight.
Feet: slightly longer than the front ones, with strong, arched and well-tightened fingers; absence of spurs.
The Rottweiler is a trotter. At this pace, the back remains stable and relatively still. The gait is harmonious, safe, vigorous and loose, with a good amplitude.
The skin is tight on the head; when the dog is highly concentrated, small folds may form on the forehead.
The coat is made up of covering hair and undercoat. The hair of cover is of medium length, hard to the touch, smooth and well adherent to the body. The undercoat must not go beyond the covering pile. The hair on the hind limbs is a little longer.
Nero, con focature bel delimitate, di tonalità bruno-fulvo intenso, sulle guance, sul muso, sulla parte inferiore del collo, sul petto, sugli arti così come sopra gli occhi e sotto la radice della coda.
Taglia e peso
Altezza al garrese dei maschi:
- 61 – 68 cm
- 61 – 62 cm: piccolo
- 63 – 64 cm medio
- 65 – 66 cm. grande (taglia desiderata)
- 67 – 68 cm. molto grande
Peso dei maschi: 50 kg. circa
Altezza al garrese delle femmine:
- 56 – 63 cm
- 56 – 57 cm: piccolo
- 58 – 59 cm: grande
- 60 – 61 cm: grande (taglia desiderata)
- 62 – 63 cm. molto grande
Peso delle femmine: 42 kg. circa
Aspetto generale: leggero, levrieroide o alto sugli arti; ossatura debole; muscolatura leggera.
Testa: testa da cane da caccia; stretta o leggera o troppo corta o lunga e pesante; fronte appiattita (mancanza di stop o stop poco marcato).
Muso: lungo o a punta; naso schiacciato o spaccato (con narici molto aperte); canna nasale concava o spiovente (montonina); tartufo chiaro o con zone depigmentate.
Labbra: ondeggianti o rosa o con zone depigmentate; commessura labiale aperta.
Mascelle: mascella inferiore stretta.
Guance: non troppo sporgenti.
Dentatura: articolata a pinza.
Orecchie: attaccate troppo in basso o pesanti o lunghe o flosce o portate all’indietro o a sventola.
Occhi: chiari o con palpebre troppo flosce o troppo infossati o sporgenti o rotondi.
Collo: troppo lungo o sottile, con muscolatura insufficiente; presenza di giogaia o pelle della gola troppo allentata.
Tronco: troppo lungo o troppo corto o troppo stretto.
Petto: cassa toracica con costole piatte o troppo rotonde (a botte) o carente di ampiezza dietro.
Dorso: troppo lungo, debole, insellato o dorso di carpa.
Groppa: avvallata, o troppo diritta o troppo lunga.
Coda: con attaccatura troppo alta o troppo bassa.
Arti anteriori: stretti o non in appiombo; spalla diritta; gomiti insufficientemente aderenti al tronco o staccati; braccio troppo lungo o troppo corto o insufficientemente obbliquo; metacarpo troppo piegato o troppo diritto; dita divaricate o troppo piatte o troppo arcuate o deformi; unghie chiare.
Arti posteriori: cosce piatte, garretti chiusi; angoli delle articolazioni troppo acuti o troppo ottusi; presenza di speroni.
Pelle: pelle della testa a pieghe.
Pelo: troppo molle o troppo lungo o troppo corto o ondulato; mancanza di sottopelo.
Colore: focature di colore imperfetto o male delimitate.
Aspetto generale: inversione netta del carattere sessuale (maschi di tipo femminile, cagne di tipo mascolino).
Comportamento: cani paurosi che temono gli spari, aggressivi, diffidenti o privi di equilibrio.
Occhi: entropion, ectropion, occhi di colore diverso o discromici.
Dentatura: prognatismo superiore o inferiore, assenza di premolari o di molari.
Testicoli: monorchidia o criptorchidismo bilaterale; i maschi devono presentare 2 testicoli normalmente sviluppati completamente discesi nello scroto.
Pelo: pelo nettamente troppo lungo o ondulato in modo deciso.
Colore: non conforme al nero con focature caratteristico del Rottweiler; macchie bianche.