Questions About Cats and Answers – A cat has appeared in your house, which means you have new responsibilities for caring for it. Before we dive into some of these questions its vital for us to know what is the proper care for a pet, what you should pay attention to when choosing a pet and tell you the rules for its further maintenance at home.
At what age is it better to take a kitten?
The decision about the age at which to buy home fluffy is of course to be taken by you, each decision has its pros and cons.
If you want to have a pet from an early age, then be prepared for the fact that you will have to devote a lot of your time to the kitten. The entire further life of the animal depends on the quality of care, conditions of detention, nutrition and upbringing.
A kitten should be purchased at the age of no less than 12 weeks, since too small kittens still need maternal care and are not ready for an independent life away from their mother, either psychologically or physiologically.
Parenting of Cats
The main advantage of caring for a kitten from an early age is the ability to raise a pet in the rules and procedures that are strictly defined by you.
The main conclusion of the need to raise an animal from an early age is that the animal is not adapted to life in apartment conditions, it is guided by its instincts.
To create favorable conditions for a person to live together with a pet, he must be educated in certain rules of behavior. It is necessary to accustom the animal to the regimen and daily routine, to wean the animal from spoiling things, to accustom to eat and sleep in places strictly reserved for this, to accustom to the tray and hygiene procedures from childhood.It is already impossible to raise a cat in adulthood since the animal has already formed and it is no longer possible to retrain it. It is because of the lack of proper upbringing of the animal in childhood that such tragic situations occur when a grown pet becomes unbearable for living together, and people throw such animals out into the street. In this case, all responsibility and guilt for the spoiled nature of the animal lies entirely with the person.
Therefore, it is advisable to take a kitten to the house from an early age and devote a lot of time and attention to raising and caring for the animal, then your efforts will bring positive results. You will establish a very close and trusting relationship with your pet, become your best friend for him, and he will give you all his love and devotion.
If you nevertheless decided to take an adult cat into the house, then try to find out more about the pet from the former owner. Look at the conditions in which the pet was kept, evaluate the physical condition of the animal, it should look healthy in appearance. Look at the cat’s behavior, its reaction to you, the animal should be calm, not aggressive and not intimidated. Take the animal in your hands, stroke it, the cat should not scratch or bite.
Ask the owner if the cat is accustomed to the tray, whether the animal has a veterinary passport, whether it has been vaccinated, whether there are any health problems. It is advisable to take a cat no older than 6 years, since after 6 years old age begins, when cats can get sick with numerous diseases.
If a cat is well-brought up and has a calm and friendly disposition, then this is the best solution for people who do not have time to raise a small kitten. An adult cat will get used to you and love you, without requiring as much time to care as a small kitten. Nevertheless, an adult cat needs care.
So, what is proper care for a cat at home?
Proper care of a cat consists of several conditions: proper nutrition, proper upbringing at a young age, veterinary care, grooming procedures and comfortable living conditions.
Let us dwell in more detail on a very important issue for cats, grooming and feeding.
What is the best way to feed a cat or cat?
If we talk about the diet necessary for a cat, then you should immediately draw your attention to the fact that you will have to pay a lot of attention to the issue of nutrition of your pet.To feed a cat with the remnants of an unfinished lunch or dinner means dooming your pet to poor health, poor digestion and low immunity to diseases. From how balanced and proper nutrition the cat depends on its health and longevity.
In the diet of the cat must be present meat as the main element of nutrition, as well as cereals and vegetables. Cats should eat raw and boiled meat, cereals from cereals, fresh and boiled vegetables. Oats, pearl barley, buckwheat, and wheat groats are useful for cat’s health, but legumes should be completely abandoned, they are harmful to the cat’s digestion. The best meat for feeding a cat is rabbit meat and poultry meat, since in terms of the ratio of protein and fat these types of meat are as close as possible to the composition of rodent meat – a natural source of nutrition for cats in the wild.
In addition to the rabbit and poultry, you can feed the cat lamb, beef, it is better not to give pork. It is better to boil the fish and give it no more than once a week. Non-fat sour-milk products are also useful, sour cream and cheese are harmful. Milk can only be given to kittens. In an adult cat, digestive upsets are possible.
The diet is also important, in kittens the number of meals is much larger than in adult cats that have reached the age of one. So an adult cat needs only two meals a day, while a small kitten up to 6 months old needs 5 meals a day, and from 6 months – 4 times a day.
It matters both calorie content and nutrition.
In this matter, it all depends on the age of the cat and its lifestyle. The more the cat spends energy on active games, the more she needs to replenish energy. Conversely, with age, the cat’s activity decreases, and most of the time she basks in a relaxed state.
Do not forget that cats with certain diseases or during pregnancy, as well as cats that have undergone sterilization or castration, need a special diet.
Take care of sterilization of your cat or castration of a cat if you do not want your pets to have offspring. In the article “ Cat Sterilization ” you will find out how important this procedure is to extend the life and health of your pet.
There are specially designed professional premium foods that are designed for pets with different nutritional needs, depending on age, degree of activity and the presence of diseases. Pay attention to the quality and composition of the feed, the reputation of the manufacturer.
Bosch is a manufacturer of upscale pet food with a fifty-year history of production. German Sanabelle super premium cat food has been developed taking into account numerous scientific studies in the field of optimizing pet feeding, taking into account their daily needs for a balanced combination of proteins, fats, vitamins and trace elements.
When choosing food, age, lifestyle and the need for a certain diet will be taken into account in the presence of problems with the health of the pet.
To feed cats, use three types of bowls, one for water, the other for dry food, and the third for wet food. Be sure to wash the bowls thoroughly, regularly change the water. Do not store open canned food with wet food for more than one day in the refrigerator, this will avoid poisoning your pet.
Create all the necessary living conditions for your pet, he should have his own place to sleep, a tray, a place for his bowls, a scratching post, as well as a place for outdoor games. Equip your pet with a special town with different houses, shelves and minks, where the cat will be happy to climb, jump, tumble and hide.
Good care involves hygienic procedures.
It is necessary to bathe a cat at least once every two months. Use special shampoos, taking into account the characteristics of the coat. It is necessary to bathe the animal in a temperature of 38-38.5 ° C, which is comfortable for the cat’s body. Dry with a hairdryer in silent mode so as not to scare or burn your pet.
It is very important to comb a cat. If the cat is short-haired, then once a week is enough, if it is long-haired, then you need to scratch the cat every day, and also remove the tangles. The brush should correspond to the stiffness of the coat, the softer the coat, the softer the brush.
It is also necessary to cut the nails about once every two weeks with special scissors. Be careful not to damage a blood vessel in the claw cavity!
It is necessary to wipe the cat’s eyes and nose daily with a wet swab, getting rid of the dark coating. Before the eyes there should not be purulent discharge, if they appeared you need to see a doctor.
Once a week, you need to clean your ears with a special solution for cleaning your ears. The sulfur of a healthy cat is light and does not have an unpleasant odor, if the sulfur has darkened and has a bad smell, this is also an occasion to come to the veterinarian for an examination.
Also, cats need to brush their teeth if there is no solid food in their diet. It is enough to brush your teeth once a week, there are special toothpastes for cats.
The animal must be regularly shown to the veterinarian every three months. The fact is that in addition to compulsory vaccination, a preventive examination should also be carried out, since many diseases do not have any symptoms.
A regular examination by a specialist will prevent many serious diseases, and timely diagnosed diseases at an early stage will be effectively cured without negative consequences for the pet.
Even if your cat does not appear on the street, she is still at risk of infection, since you yourself can bring various bacteria, viruses or helminth eggs from the street with shoes to the house.
Be attentive to your pet, any deviation from normal behavior in the form of refusal to eat, disorders with a chair, coughing, vomiting, discharge from the nose and eyes, as well as passivity, apathy, unnatural postures, etc., are good reasons for contacting a specialist.
Give the cat your attention and affection. She, like any other living creatures, needs communication. In the space of your apartment, she has no one to communicate with anymore, as soon as with you and members of your family. Do not ignore her, communicate, play, pet the cat. She needs tactile contact, so the cat forms connections and supports them.
On the cat’s body, there are special glands that produce a secret, with which the animal marks its space, including you. Cases are known when a cat experiences stress from a lack of communication, which entails negative health consequences. The psyche of the animal is closely related to its physical condition, therefore a rude and aggressive attitude towards the animal is not allowed. Do not scold him and never hit! Only love, attention, care and affection are necessary for the cat’s health, care and maintenance guarantee its longevity. We gave you a couple of tips on caring for domestic cats, now everything is in your hands!
Love animals and show responsibility for their fate!
18 Most Common Questions About Cats and Answers
Over the years I have witnessed numerous calls and emails about the best ways to care for our fellow kittens. These are some of our most frequently asked questions.
1. Can I bathe my cat?
Cats are very clean animals that is why they groom themselves continuously. The most accepted expert opinion says that a healthy and good looking cat does not need to be bathed. If you need to remove specific waste such as grease, dust or other if you can bathe; However, if your cat is nervous and you still want to bathe it, we recommend dry foam that you will find in veterinarians.
2. Why do they purr?
The purr is created by the vibration of the vocal cords and has three meanings: the most common that implies an emotion of happiness and complacency, (asking for attention), the second is when you are hungry (asking for attention) and the third and less common when something hurts (asking for attention). There are small variations of sound between each of them.
3. Why do cats like to sit in boxes so much?
It is simply to feel safe, the boxes that cats prefer are those that are turned and where they will have a good observation point, when they rest they like to feel protected against some predator.
4. Why should I clean around my cat’s eyes?
It is important to remove dirt and dust from the outer area of your cat’s eyes. Otherwise, these contaminants can work their way into your cat’s eyes, causing discomfort and risk of infection. An added benefit to frequent external eye cleansing is that it also helps prevent unpleasant tear stains. To better clean around your cat’s eyes, use pads specially designed for it.
5. What is the best way to control the odors of the litter box?
Scrupulously clean litter boxes have no smell. The best and healthiest way to control the odors of the litter box is to keep it clean. This involves daily removing the urine and lump residues with the selected shovel and at least changing the entire sand content every week. To simplify the process, use an automatic sandbox.
6. How can I prevent my cat from jumping on the kitchen counter or at the dining room table?
Eliminate the reward of finding succulent things to help stop this behavior. Confine your cat to a different room while preparing meals along with other objects that he can play with. Then use the remote correction to help stop this behavior, which corrects your cat’s actions safely without associating the correction with you. Remote correction tools include textured or electronic pulse mats, motion-activated aerosols and double-sided tape.
7. Why does my male cat mark everything with urine?
Urine spraying is a normal, innate behavior that causes the cat to mark the territory and has nothing to do with the sanitation of your cat. It is common in non-neutered males and in homes where there are several cats, “fumigation” is the way your cat identifies the territory or covers the smell of other cats. Sterilization should preferably be before six months of age. There are sprays sold in veterinarians that help reduce your cat’s anxiety and fear, which can be a cause for him to “spray.”
8. How often should I brush my cat’s teeth?
We recommend daily dental care to promote healthy teeth and gums. The key is to remove the plate before it has time to mineralize. To simplify the process, use a Dental Kit for cats. During cleaning, check for abnormalities or problems with your teeth or gums.
9. What are the benefits of premium brands of cat food?
Premium foods use higher quality ingredients from sources with higher biological values. Because the best quality ingredients mean better digestibility, your cat does not need to eat as much and produces less waste (which means less to clean in the litter box).
10. What causes the crumbly black discharge in the ears of my new kitten?
Your kitten probably has an infestation of ear mites. Ear mites are very common, but serious. If left untreated, they can severely damage the ear canals, the eardrum, and cause permanent hearing loss. Use veterinary solutions that use pyrethrins to safely kill these tiny parasites.
11. How does my pet get infected with the heartworm?
Mosquitoes transmit the infection with small immature forms of dirofilariosis, called microfilariae, when they bite their pet. Inside the mosquito, microfilariae become larvae. When an infected mosquito bites a new animal, these larvae enter the body of the new animal, where they grow, eventually migrate to the heart, mate and produce more microfilariae. It helps prevent the heartworm with the monthly use of veterinary preventives for cats.
12. How can I control my cat’s hair loss?
Keep your cat’s skin and fur healthy to help reduce hair loss. First, feed it with a high quality diet and use a supplement rich in fatty acids. Second, brush your cat daily. Finally, remove hair from your home as soon as possible by washing furniture, using tape rollers and vacuuming.
13. What are the dangers of fleas and ticks?
Fleas can cause medical problems in pets, including flea allergic dermatitis, tapeworms, hair loss due to scratches and secondary skin irritations. In large numbers, fleas can cause life-threatening anemia due to blood loss, especially in kittens and puppies. Ticks also transmit serious diseases, such as Lyme disease, Ehrlichiosis and Rocky Mountain spotted fever. Use a monthly topic, for flea control and cat ticks, this will help protect your cat against fleas and ticks.
14. Does my pet need eye exams?
Yes, it is important for you to look closely into your pet’s eyes frequently. Since it is not able to eliminate irritants, you should keep your cat’s eyes free of debris and dust to prevent allergic reactions or painful infections. If you see redness or inflammation, contact your veterinarian to examine it.
15. Is there any way to protect my cat’s eyes from soap when I bathe him?
Yes, before bathing, you can apply a lubricating ointment, not medicated to both eyes.
16. Why do you like mint for cats and is this beneficial?
The smell of peppermint is extremely attractive to all cats, to such an extent that they cannot resist it; However, there are studies that in a percentage of them cause changes in the behavior of cats on eating and sexual habits. It is advisable to use it as a prize.
17. Will an ophthalmic ointment erase an eye infection?
It depends on the type of infection. Always consult your veterinarian if you think your pet has an eye infection. Some ointments, such as Terramycin, contain antibiotics, and may be recommended by your veterinarian for eye infections. Ophthalmic protective ointments are sterile ointments, but they have no antibiotics in them and are not designed to treat eye infections.
19. How do I apply eye ointments?
Always wash your hands first. Apply a short band of ointment along the inside of the bottom, starting at the inner corner of the eye. As your pet blinks, the ointment will spread across the surface of the eye. Ointments will blur your animal’s vision for a few minutes after administration, so keep your pet from bumping into things and getting injured.
37 Frequently asked Questions About Keeping, Grooming and feeding Cats
1. How to identify a fat cat or not?
It is very easy to determine if your porridge is overweight, for this you only need to try to grope its ribs. If you can’t find them, it means only one thing – your cat is fat.
2. Is it possible to dry a cat with a hairdryer?
Many cat owners dry them with a hairdryer after bathing. Therefore, if the cat is not impressionable, then you can try to dry it with a hairdryer.
3. The cat often tears furniture, what to do?
If your cat systematically pulls furniture or wallpaper, then try to scent this place with any citrus smell, cats do not like him.
4. How to choose a cat collar?
The collar on the cat should sit freely, so that two fingers easily pass between the neck and the collar itself.
5. The cat does not drink water for a long time, what to do?
If your cat refuses to drink water, then this may be its reaction to substances that may be there – bleach or other substances.
6. My cat has fleas, although he does not leave the house
In this case, people can bring fleas on clothes, and if there is a dog in the house , then the cause of fleas is most likely her.
7. How to get rid of fleas?
To rid a cat of fleas, it is necessary to treat it with drops or a special spray. Collars and shampoos are used only as a prophylactic and do not destroy the parasites themselves.
8. How to rid little kittens of fleas?
To rid fleas of kittens, we can advise you to use sprays on natural ingredients. There are specially designed products for treating kittens, even newborns.
9. Can cats be given raw meat?
Giving raw meat to animals is not recommended, as it may contain helminth larvae. Meat should only be boiled.
10. My cat began to eat land, what is the reason?
Cats begin to eat land in several cases: with a strong infection with worms or simple microorganisms, or with a lack of minerals in the body. You need to show the cat to the doctor.
11. My cat loves sunflower oil, is it possible for her?
Sunflower oil for cats can be in very small quantities, and it is best to replace it with olive.
12. I have a castrated cat with stones in the bladder, what kind of food is suitable for him?
As a result of veterinary research, it is proved that when consuming wet food, cats are less likely to suffer from urolithiasis. However, in order to choose a diet for a cat with urolithiasis, you need to consult and conduct tests with a veterinarian.
13. Is it possible to store open wet food in the refrigerator?
It is possible, however, to store them no more than a day. Any wet food spoils very quickly.
14. Do I need to soak a kitten dry food?
It is not necessary to soak dry food for kittens, it all depends on the preferences of one or another pet. Kittens may love crispy dry food, or they may love wet more. If you feed a kitten with dry, not soaked food, then make sure that he drinks enough water.
15. How much water should a kitten drink if it eats dry food?
A kitten should drink three times more water than a portion of dry food. However, if your kitten does not drink enough water, we recommend soaking the feed or switching to wet feed.
16. Is it possible to give kittens preventive food for cats?
Giving kittens preventive food for adult cats is not advisable. Preventive diets are suitable for cats with certain predispositions and problems.
17. Can cats be given chocolate?
Chocolate is strictly not recommended for cats and cats, as it is harmful to their health and can cause poisoning.
18. Why does a cat eat grass?
Grass, especially cereal, is a source of folic acid. Cats also eat grass to cleanse the intestines of wool that has got inside. If your cat does not eat specially grown grass, you can try to give wheat grass, parsley or even tradescantia.
19. How many times do I need to feed a 2-month-old kitten and how much dry food should I give?
Kittens at the age of 2 months should eat 6 times a day, while the amount of feed per day on average is 150 grams. If your kitten has reached 3-4 months, then the portion of dry food needs to be increased to 240 grams per day.
20. Can a sterilized cat get fat?
After sterilization, cats burn fewer calories, but due to hormonal disruption, cats may not feel full and eat more food than necessary and this leads to weight gain. You need to monitor the diet of your pet, as well as his physical activity.
21. What may be associated with a loss of appetite in a cat?
Cats can be stressed and lose their appetite, stress can cause even a simple movement of the food bowl to another place. Also, if your cat goes for a walk on the street, maybe someone is feeding her. Loss of appetite in cats can signal a disease. To understand whether a cat needs to be brought to the veterinarian, try feeding her a favorite treat, and if the cat does not even touch him, bring her to the veterinarian for a consultation.
22. How to transfer a cat from one feed to another?
It is recommended to feed cats with the feed of the same brand. However, if you want to transfer the cat to a different diet, then you need to do this gradually to avoid problems with the gastrointestinal tract. A sharp change in diet can lead to diarrhea and other problems with the gastrointestinal tract. You need to transfer your pet from one feed to another for about 7-10 days, gradually reducing the amount of old feed and adding new one.
23. Can cats be given dog food?
Cats do not need to give food for dogs, since the composition of the food for dogs has a completely different concentration of vitamins and amino acids, and the acid needed for cats – taurine is completely absent. Feed cats only cat food.
24. A cat drinks little water, how to make her drink more?
The easiest solution to this problem is to feed wet diets or soaked in water feed. You can try to place more bowls of water around the house, while using different bowls of shape and size. Since cats are very curious, they will definitely try water from every unusual bowl they meet. There are cats who prefer to drink water flowing in a thin stream from the tap. For such cats, you can specially purchase a drinking fountain.
25. Why does my cat have tricks?
Koltuns are formed from matted precipitated and normal wool mainly in fluffy cats. Trying to lick the fallen hair, cats can only confuse it more strongly. To avoid the formation of warlocks, you need to regularly comb the cat.
26. Why can not you cut the claws of cats with ordinary scissors?
When claws are trimmed with ordinary scissors, they begin to exfoliate and crumble, which can lead to problems in the future. Use only special nail clippers that can be purchased at the pet store.
27. How to train a cat on a leash?
First of all, you need to let the cat get used to the harness. After the cat gets used to its sock, attach a leash to the harness until it gets used to it. When training, you need to encourage the cat with treats. The sooner you start this process, the more successful it will be.
28. The cat has yellow teeth
Yellow teeth in cats are in several cases: from old age, in the absence of oral hygiene and the formation of oral disease, when eating colored feed. You need to show the animal to the vet.
29. My cat’s mustache began to break. What is the reason for this?
There are several reasons for this process:
- § Lack of vitamins, biotin and calcium
- § Malnutrition
- § Parasitic or fungal diseases
It is necessary to bring the cat to the consultation with the veterinarian to determine the specific cause.
30. What toys should not be bought by cats?
Do not let the cat play with hard toys, because this can lead to tooth decay, and in kittens this leads to tooth displacement and the formation of a malocclusion.
31. How to give a medicine for worms to a cat?
Worm preparations should be given to the cat in the morning 15-20 minutes before eating, that is, on an empty stomach. Before etching worms, check your cat for fleas, as they are carriers of most types of helminths.
32. How often to wash a cat?
Some owners mistakenly believe that cats do not need to be washed, as they do this very well themselves, however, this is wrong. Cats really do not need to be bathed often, especially if the cat lives in an apartment and is not allowed for walks. Nevertheless, twice a year it is still necessary.
33. At what age can kittens be transferred to dry food?
Kittens can be switched to dry food from the moment a clove appears, usually 1 month. In order to accustom a kitten to dry food, it is necessary to gradually take in small portions several croquet food for kittens and soak them in warm milk or warm water, gradually increasing the portion, and then give it just in its usual form.
34. How to transfer a cat to another feed?
In order for it to be painless for you and the cat to transfer it to another food, it is necessary to mix the old and new food, gradually increasing the amount of new food, this will take several days. The first day – 75% of the old feed, 25% of the new. The second – 50% of the old feed, 50% of the new feed. The third – 25% of the old feed, 75% of the new. On the fourth day, you can safely give only new food.
35. Which toilet filler is better: bentonite, wood or silica gel?
Of course, the most convenient way for the cat owner is silica gel filler. It absorbs unpleasant odors and is convenient to clean, as it needs to be changed rarely enough. And despite the high cost, its consumption is much less than other types of fillers. Nevertheless, everyone knows that cats are fastidious animals, and its tastes do not always coincide with the tastes of the owners, so first of all, see what is more convenient for your pet.
36. Can cats be given dairy products?
Kittens milk is very useful, unlike adult cats, which lose the ability to produce the enzyme “lactase” in sufficient quantities to break down milk into sugar. Thus, milk in the diet of most cats leads to diarrhea. Nevertheless, this does not apply to fermented milk products, so cats can be safely given kefir, fermented baked milk or cottage cheese.
37. How to avoid parasites (fleas, ticks, worms) in cats?
In order to avoid parasites for the animal, several rules must be followed.
1. Do prophylaxis against worms 1 time per quarter (1 time in 3 months).
2. If the cat is domestic and does not exist on the street, then protection against fleas and ticks is possible. In the case when the cat still happens to be in nature or in the house there are other animals that on the street are protected from fleas and ticks is necessary. Use a collar, drops and spray. The choice of means depends on how often the cat is on the street or in contact with other animals. If this happens very rarely – use a collar or drops, if often – combine. For reliable protection, use the following combinations: “drops + collar”, “drops + collar + spray”, “drops + spray”. Nevertheless, it is necessary to combine all these means very carefully. To prevent the animal from becoming ill, first apply drops, then put on a collar in a week, and use the spray if the cat spends all day outdoors. Pay attention also on the active substance. If you buy drops with the active substance “fipronil”, then choose a spray and a collar based on fipronil.
3. Use drops that are appropriate in weight for your animal. Do not buy a drug with a higher dosage of the substance, trying to save and apply 1 pipette to 2 animals. Correctly distributing the drug to several animals is very difficult and most likely will result in one animal getting too much drug, and the second is not enough and the drug will not work, leaving your animal without protection from parasites.
4. If the package says that the drug is valid for 4 weeks, do not wait for the last day. This is the approximate duration of the drug, which may vary depending on temperature, the frequency of bathing and other factors, in addition, a couple of days are needed for the new drug to take effect. So you should not risk it and leave the animal without protection. It is better to update the protection against parasites of a predetermined period, 3-5 days.
5. Do not do the prevention of worms and fleas at the same time, since the active substances may not be compatible with each other. Take a break between them at least a week.