How to identify the problems in the teeth of cats? Follow your nose … Bad breath is one of the first signs. The first is to recognize the most common feline dental diseases, which include periodontal disease and dental resorption. Then you have to get down to work to prevent them.
Periodontal Disease: first on the list of cat teeth problems
Periodontal disease is an infection caused by bacteria that multiply in dental plaque. Without regular cleaning, the plate builds up and the minerals in the saliva harden it. Thus, tartar firmly adheres to the teeth.
Although tartar is visible above the gum line, this is not what causes periodontal cat disease. Disease occurs when tartar begins to dig in and under the gums, which causes bacteria to get trapped. Thus, a vicious circle of infection begins and damage to the peripheral support tissues of the tooth.
How does periodontal disease progress?
As the periodontal disease progresses, bacteria slowly destroy the root of the tooth and its attachment to the jaw. As a result, the affected tissue dies and the immune system can lead to the accumulation of white blood cells, called pus or abscess.
In severe cases, a deep bone infection called osteomyelitis may develop, which generally requires surgical intervention by a veterinarian.
This condition is caused by a gradual destruction of a tooth or teeth. It is very painful because as the destruction progresses the dental nerve endings are exposed.
Removal of affected teeth is the only treatment, but it can be difficult because these teeth are fragile and often splinter during the extraction process.
Cleaning, irreplaceable strategy to avoid problems in the teeth of cats
The key to the management of dental disease in cats is prevention. As long as the surfaces of the teeth are cleaned frequently and the plaque is effectively removed daily, the gums will remain healthy.
Prevention requires both home brushing and regular professional veterinary dental cleanings. For best results, tooth brushing should start when your cat is a kitten. If your adult pussy is not willing to allow brushing, there are dental wipes that can help control plaque when rubbed twice a day against teeth and gums.
Importantly, these dental diets do not replace daily cleaning care and may not be appropriate in cases of advanced periodontitis, since hard croquettes can further irritate the gums.
It’s important to put attention on Professional dental cleanings should begin at one year of age and are performed under general anesthesia. Measures can be taken to reduce the risk of an anesthetic, such as blood tests. In addition, intravenous fluid therapy can be given in older cats to help maintain circulation throughout the anesthetic.
If you are concerned that your cat undergoes anesthesia, then you should discuss your concerns with the veterinarian.
The diet as a strategy to prevent problems in the teeth of cats
Diet plays a role in the progression of some cats with dental disease. The first thing is to understand that solid and crispy foods exert a natural and healthy abrasive action against the teeth when chewing, which prevents plaque formation.
So if the usual diet consists only of soft or moist foods, this abrasion will be prevented. In fact, the food itself can accumulate around the teeth and stimulate the formation of bacteria and plaques.
Special diets are available that are specifically created to help prevent plaque and tartar formation. These diets consist of croquettes, cookies or special pieces in the wet food that increase the penetration of the tooth and provide a more abrasive action of the dental surface.
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