Flatulence corresponds to the emission of gases accumulated in the intestines rectally. They can alter the relationship between a dog and its owner when they are very frequent and foul-smelling. They are mainly due to two things: ingestion of air or excessive production of gas in the digestive tract. We will see that there are different measures to overcome this flatulence: food supplements, regular deworming, adapted food …
Why does my dog have flatulence?
Flatulence corresponds to the rectal emission of a excess gas present in the digestive tract.
If dogs have flatulence every now and then, then there is nothing to worry about, this is completely normal. Gas is normally produced during digestion. On the other hand, when flatulence is too frequent, then this means that the gas is present in excess. It is therefore important to determine the cause of these and to put in place appropriate measures.
There are mainly two things that can lead to excessive gas buildup:
- theair intake by the animal when it drinks, when it eats or when it gasps. This is the case, for example, with dogs that swallow air when they eat too quickly. The accumulated air can also be evacuated by belching.
- gas production by bacterial fermentations
Several causes can be responsible for bacterial fermentations:
Food unsuitable for animals
When certain ingredients are not well digested by dogs, residues can be found in the colon. These residues lead to bacterial fermentations in the colon and the production of gas. This is the case, for example, of certain sources of starch contained in croquettes: peas, lentils, potatoes. To note that the most digestible starch source is rice.
A sudden change in diet
The gut microbiota (also called the digestive flora) is sensitive to sudden changes in diet. This can lead to digestive disorders like flatulence, diarrhea, etc.
Digestive worms can also affect digestion and cause flatulence.
Intolerance or even food allergy
Some dogs do not tolerate or are allergic to certain ingredients in their ration. Among the digestive disorders caused, flatulence is possible.
Chronic digestive disorders
This is the case, for example, for dogs suffering from exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, chronic inflammatory bowel disease, etc.
Taking certain medications
Antibiotics for example can alter the intestinal microbiota and be responsible for digestive disorders such as flatulence.
What are the solutions ?
To limit the ingestion of gas by dogs, several things are possible. For dogs that eat too quickly, it is possible to slow food intake by distributing the ration within an anti-gluttonous bowl or by moistening the croquettes. It is also recommended to fragment the ration 2 to 3 meals a day. The dog must be calm during meals, avoid competition between dogs.
To avoid excessive gas production, several things are recommended.
A adapted food is essential for good digestion. It is important to choose Premium quality kibble whose ingredients are highly digestible. A change in diet can lead to a significant improvement with a significant reduction in the frequency of gases. A hyperdigestible or hypoallergenic diet on veterinary prescription is sometimes necessary.
The change in diet should be done gradually over 1 to 3 weeks (if the food compositions are very far apart): we talk about food transition. For this, it is necessary to gradually increase the quantity of the new food and decrease that of the old.
A regular deworming is also very important. It is recommended to deworm dogs at least 4 times a year with a dewormer sold in a veterinary clinic.
Finally, food supplements can be very useful for dogs with a lot of flatulence.
A cure of probiotics can first of all be carried out: they are good bacteria which favor a good functioning of the digestive flora and good digestion, there are several food supplements containing probiotics (Synbiotic DC TVM, PVD Canine Fortiflora dog …).
There is also the food supplement Copronat Arcanatura which helps reduce flatulence in dogs (it is also recommended during coprophagia).
A veterinary consultation is necessary if the problem persists or if other symptoms are associated (loss of appetite, diarrhea, etc.).