First, it should be borne in mind that mucus in dog feces is a necessary element. In fact, that stool often has mucus is perfectly healthy. Thus, You shouldn’t worry about seeing a small amount of mucus.
Mucus is a substance that secretes the intestinal mucosa – similar to that produced by the respiratory epithelium – whose function is to keep the lining of the colon lubricated and moist.
What causes excess mucus in dog feces?
It’s important to put attention on the presence of an excessive amount of mucus in dog feces can be a sign of disease. The finding is especially important if it is accompanied by blood or a radical change in the consistency of your dog’s bowel movements.
In these cases the recommendation is to seek immediate veterinary medical attention. Your veterinarian can better identify the underlying cause and recommend an appropriate course of treatment. This is a list of common causes of excess mucus in dog feces:
A common cause is that pathogens – be they bacteria, viruses and fungi – can infect the canine gastrointestinal (GI) system. Bacterial overgrowth (e.g., Salmonella) may occur by inducing an imbalance in the canine intestinal microbiome.
Most dogs will also develop diarrhea, vomiting, loss of appetite or other symptoms. Supportive care and medications that address the infection will be needed. Also, a probiotic supplement can help.
Trichuriasis, giardiasis, tapeworms and others Intestinal parasites can cause mucus in the stool. A fecal exam can identify the type of parasite present and an appropriate dewormer can solve this problem.
Foreign body intake
When a dog eats something unusual, it can disrupt the gastrointestinal tract and cause increased production of mucus in the stool. Mild cases resolve over time. The most serious cases that are accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea may require supportive care, antibiotics, fluid therapy and sometimes surgery to remove foreign material.
Change in diet or adverse reaction to food
A sharp change in diet can cause mucus in dog feces. In these cases it is recommended to return to the original diet. To make the change of diet must be offered progressively increasing amounts of the new food mixed with the old. This will generally solve the problem.
If the dog’s symptoms persist, the fault may be an allergy or food intolerance. In these cases, it may be necessary to change to a hypoallergenic diet prescribed by a veterinarian.
Irritable bowel syndrome:
In this condition It is believed that stress is an important factor for the appearance of outbreaks. Treatment involves stress relief, dietary changes and medications – for example, sulfasalazine – that decrease the severity of the dog’s symptoms.
Cancer of the gastrointestinal tract, tumors or polyps – such as rectoanal polyps – can cause mucus in the stool. Treatment may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation or palliative therapy.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) can cause mucus in the stool that is usually accompanied by vomiting or diarrhea. Treatment with immunosuppressive medications and dietary changes will often reduce a dog’s symptoms.
When a dog’s feces contain a lot of blood and mucus (often described as raspberry jam), hemorrhagic gastroenteritis may be the culprit.. Treatment includes supportive care, anti-nausea medications, fluid therapy and antibiotics.
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