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Miniature Dachshund – Fun | Facts | History Breeders | Size | Life Span

Miniature Dachshund - Fun Facts History Breeders Size Life Span


Miniature Dachshund – Fun | Facts | History Breeders | Size | Life Span

Miniature Dachshund – Some authors and experts believe that the roots of the dachshunds can be traced back to Ancient Egypt since short-legged hunting dogs are depicted on the engravings of that time. And the words “tekal” or “tekar” written on them are in tune with the modern German “Teckel”, supplanting the name Dachshund.

Fun Facts About Miniature Dachshund

  • Stubborn and hard trained. Take a course – managed city dog.
  • They are smart, but independent and playful. Because of this, they quickly get tired of monotonous training and go about their business. You need patience, endurance and constancy.
  • These are hunting dogs and behave accordingly. They are designed to dig for badgers, and can instead dig up your dahlias. During the hunt, they kill their victims, keep small animals away from them.
  • Loud, booming barking as for dogs of this size. They love to bark, keep this in mind!
  • If you don’t keep up, they will overeat, become lazy and fat. This will further aggravate spinal problems. Follow the diet, do not overfeed the dog and regularly physically load.
  • Prone to defects in intervertebral discs, which can lead to paralysis. Do not let them jump from a height, even from a sofa, when you carry it, lift it with two hands. Do not let stand on its hind legs.
  • By nature, they are suspicious of strangers.
  • Dachshunds do not like noise, and when they are teased, they can bite. Because of this, they are not the best choice for families with small children.

Studies of mummified dogs conducted by the American University in Cairo, were able to shed light on this theory. Genetics has not confirmed the closeness of ancient dogs and modern ones, which was stated in the journal Science in May 2004, in an article titled “Genetic Structure of the Purebred Domestic Dog”. 

Modern dogs are the result of the work of German breeders, in their blood are traces of German, French, English terriers and hounds, as well as German marriages. Initially, they were bred for hunting badgers in burrows and searching for them by smell.

The first reliable mention of taxes is found in a book published before 1700. True, they are called “Dachs Kriecher” or “Dachs Krieger” which can be translated as “crawling for a badger” and “badger soldier”.

Ear dogs are mentioned earlier, this is more specialization than a specific breed. The modern name of the breed in German – Dachshund comes from the words “badger” (it. Dachs) and “dog” (it. Hund).

Their popularity is so great that they are considered as a symbol of Germany. At the 1972 Summer Olympics, a dachshund named Valdi was the mascot of the games. Interestingly, Valdi is the only domestic pet that has become the mascot of the Olympic Games. 

The first German dachshunds were larger than the current, weighed from 14 to 18 kg, could be with both straight and curved legs. Although they are best known for hunting badgers, they also used them in baiting badgers (a cruel spectacle of past centuries), while hunting foxes and hares, searching the blood trail of deer and deer, in packs of boars and dews.

Their popularity is so great that they are considered as a symbol of Germany. At the 1972 Summer Olympics, a dachshund named Valdi was the mascot of the games. Interestingly, Valdi is the only domestic pet that has become the mascot of the Olympic Games. 

The first German dachshunds were larger than the current, weighed from 14 to 18 kg, could be with both straight and curved legs. Although they are best known for hunting badgers, they also used them in baiting badgers (a cruel spectacle of past centuries), while hunting foxes and hares, searching the blood trail of deer and deer, in packs of boars and dews.

Regarding the date of appearance of the first, there are many opinions, some call the 15th century, others that the huntsmen brought them in the 18th century.

By the end of the XVIII century, they are popular in Germany, there are many kennels, as these small dogs can afford and people of the middle class. Dogs are also interested in Albion, where hunting has long been akin to sports. They get to England where breeding work is carried out, they become lower and with short paws.

In 1836, Dr. Karl Reichenbach first depicted a variety of dachshunds in illustrations. In his book dogs were depicted with both straight and crooked legs, sleek and long-haired, as well as hard-haired.

In 1879, the breed is standardized, in the stud book 54 points. Around this time, they first came to America, along with emigrants from England and Germany.

In 1885, the American Kennel Club registers the breed, describing it as: “brave to recklessness.” The dogs of that time were larger, as modern dogs are more companion than hunting dogs.

World War I dealt a serious blow to the popularity of the breed in America and Europe. As already mentioned, the dachshund is a symbol of Germany, but at that time the anti-German mood was strong and the possession of this dog was considered as a betrayal.

They survived this war and even began to restore popularity, but only to repeat everything again during the Second World War. After its graduation, a society of taxi enthusiasts conducted educational work and introduced the masses to this dog.

Their efforts were not in vain today they are in the top 10 of the most popular breeds in the world, they are no less popular in Russia.

Description of Miniature Dachshund

Description Miniature Dachshund

Dachshunds are muscular dogs with a long body, short, powerful legs and a wide chest. Their skin is elastic and elastic, helps to protect the dog when traveling through narrow holes.

The chest is deep, wide, with a characteristic keel and increased lung volume to help withstand physical exertion. The nose is long, it is believed that the big nose catches more odors. The skull is domed, the ears are long, lowered.

This shape of the ear helps protect the ear canals from dirt.

The tail is long compared to the body, when excited sticks up. They say that it helps to find a dog in the grass and if it gets stuck in a hole (or it will be buried by a badger), then it is convenient for him to pull it out.

In dogs with a light color, the eyes can be amber, light brown or green, but according to the standard, the darker the eyes, the better.


Dachshunds come in three sizes: standard, miniature and rabbit dachshunds from the German kaninchen. “

Standard and miniature are recognized almost everywhere, but the rabbit is not recognized in the US and the UK, but is recognized by FCI clubs, and these are 83 countries.

The most common medium sized dogs are between standard and miniature size.

A standard dog weighs up to 9 kg, miniature weighs from 4 to 5.5 kg, rabbit dachshunds up to 3.5. According to the standards of cynological clubs, miniature and rabbit dachshunds (if recognized) differ from standard ones only in size and weight.

While some canine organizations use weight for classification (ACS), others determine the difference between miniature and standard for chest girth, and in German they use all three parameters.

So, for a miniature chest girth from 30 to 35 cm, for rabbit up to 30 cm.

Wool and color of Miniature Dachshund

According to the length of wool, dachshunds differ: long-haired, short-haired and wire-haired. Wire-haired are the least common in Europe, but more common in their homeland, in Germany.

Wool and color of Miniature Dachshund

Smooth-haired or short-haired dachshunds are shiny and smooth, lying close to the body, the dog has a slick look. Its length is about 2 cm. On the tail, the hair lies in the same direction as on the body, gradually decreasing in length closer to the tip.

A tail with a plume, just like a naked tail is a significant drawback. On the ears short coat covering the outer part.

The long-haired elegant look, shiny, soft, slightly wavy hair is longer on the chest, abdomen, ears and back of the paws. It should not be curly or so thick that the body type is not visible, should not be long throughout the body.

In haired, it forms a short, thick and rigid top shirt covering the whole body, with the exception of the ears, jaw and eyebrows.

Under the top shirt is a soft undercoat. The expression of the muzzle is somewhat comical, because of the peculiar eyebrows and beard.

Long curly or curly hair growing in different directions are considered to be a marriage, just like soft wool in an outer shirt, wherever it appears. The tail is covered with wool, tapers at the end, without a plume.

Dachshunds come in different colors and colors, from simple plain to spotted, fawn, black and tan, chocolate and marble.

Character Of Dachshund

Dachshund is a charm on short legs. Playful, loving and attached to all family members, they are stubborn and stubborn, which makes training difficult.

They are sensitive and observant, raise barking at the slightest alarm. From such a low dog you do not expect such a loud and hoarse barking, and without training they can annoy their neighbors with their barking.

Since it is not easy to train them, patience and gradualness are required of the owners.

Character Of  Dachshund

Wary and alienated with strangers, they are loyal and loyal to the owners. Without a family, they start to get bored and sad, which translates into negative behavior such as barking or howling, gnawed things and furniture.

And since they do not like to go out in wet weather, bouts of boredom and loneliness are fraught with great chaos in the house.

These are born hunters, lovers of digging the earth. The positive side of this instinct is that dachshunds are able to play for hours with the owner, and in general it is a live and active dog. Negative – they value their toys and an attempt to select them can lead to aggression towards children or other animals.

The tendency to dig means that the yard will be dug over, if there is no yard, then flower pots will also come off. In addition, who else is able to quickly undermine the fence and go in search of adventure?

Well, the biggest problem – small animals for dachshund is nothing more than prey. Birds, hamsters, ferrets and guinea pigs are doomed if left alone with her.

This is not a dog that will hurt itself because of its small size. No matter how big the opponent is, they will fight. This is a small, but proud dog that best responds to positive reinforcement and goodies. She will resist rough training, even growling and trying to bite.

It is not the best dog for keeping in families with small children. Need socialization and training of children, so that they understand the character of the dog and behave with it carefully. They do not like loud cries when they are teased and without hesitation bite in response.

This does not mean that they do not like children, on the contrary, many are friends with them. But as a rule, these are older children who understand and respect their dog.

In 2008, the University of Pennsylvania studied 6,000 small dogs, with the goal of “identifying genetically predisposed to aggressive behavior”. The list was headed by dachshunds, about 20% bit off strangers or attacked other dogs and their owners. True, the attack of such dogs rarely leads to serious injuries, but this is not included in the report.

In his book Dog Intelligence, Stanley Coren, a professor of psychology at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, classifies them as average in mind and obedience to dogs. They occupy the 49th place in the list.

  • longhaired dachshunds are the cutest, quiet and calm among all. Probably due to the ancestors of the spaniels.
  • Shorthair are the most affectionate of all, more than others suffer from separation and are distrustful of others.
  • Wire-haired dachshunds are the most courageous and energetic, mischievous and prone to obstinate behavior. This is the merit of the ancestors of terriers.


For smooth-haired minimal, long-haired and wire-haired require additional combing. However, all the same in the care are simple.

Particular attention should be paid to the condition of the back, as the taxes are located to the problems with it. For example, you can not allow them to jump from a height and carry puppies by the nape.


Dachshunds are prone to diseases of the musculoskeletal system, especially to defects of the intervertebral discs due to the long spine and short chest.

The risk increases due to obesity, jumps, rough circulation or physical exertion. About 20–25% suffer from disc defects.

They also suffer from swimmer syndrome or osteoporosis, while the puppy’s paws are leaving and he has to crawl on his stomach. This disease occurs in many breeds, but is common in dachshunds.

The reason – the lack of minerals and sunlight. In any case, if your dog is sick, be sure to show yourself to the vet!


Depending on the size of the tax, it can be standard, miniature (dwarf) and rabbit (mini-tax). Miniature and rabbit breeds were bred at the end of the XIX century to hunt hares and other small rodents. Now these breeds are purely decorative.

Dachshunds are intelligent, friendly and active, and their small size makes them popular dogs, which are raised by citizens. Dwarf dachshund is the most common subspecies of dachshund, it is quite small, but not very small.

It would seem that these dogs are so ridiculous: the body is disproportionate, the legs are short, and the tail is powerful and long, but despite this they are graceful, hardy and develop fairly high speed.

The nature of their gambling, lively and curious, and the mood swings, which have dogs of small breeds, they are not inherent.

Dachshunds come in nine varieties depending on their size and types of wool:

  • sleek-haired standard dachshund;
  • long-haired standard dachshund;
  • Wire-haired standard dachshund;
  • sleek-haired miniature dachshund;
  • longhair miniature dachshund;
  • Wire-haired miniature dachshund;
  • smooth-haired rabbit dachshund;
  • long haired rabbit dachshund;
  • wire haired rabbit dachshund.

One of the most important indicators that determine the type of dachshund is chest girth (OGK).

Standard tax – of all species is the largest, OGK from 35 cm., Weight ranges from 7-8 kg to 9-12 kg. The dwarf dachshund is not much less than the standard dachshund, the OGC in an adult dog reaches 30-35 centimeters. The weight of the mini dachshund is almost two times less than the standard one – 4-6 kg. Rabbit dachshund, the smallest among the dachshunds, has an OGK of up to 30 cm and a weight of about 3.5 kg.

Mini dachshunds are squat, with a powerful chest, elastic neck and small round croup, beveled to the tail. The hind legs are shorter and worse developed than the front. Sometimes the legs are slightly crooked, the paws are round. The tail at the base is wide, tapering towards the tail.

Smooth dachshund differs smooth, shiny and short hair, which fits snugly to the skin. Shelly-haired dachshund has a special hard hair and undercoat, she has pronounced eyebrows, mustache and beard. The long-haired dachshund has a long, beautiful and soft-touch hair, which sometimes weaves.

The color of purebred dachshunds is either pure (black, red, different shades of brown), or marble – three-color. Smooth dachshund has a color or monochrome – in red shades (but sometimes there are tan dachshunds with hairs that have black endings), or two-color ones – chocolate, black and gray, diluted with white spots, located on the paws.

Also, they often have marble coloring. Wire-haired and long-haired dachshunds come in a variety of shades. The most valuable color is auburn.

Choosing a Dachshund Puppy

First you need to determine the type of dachshund. If you find it difficult to make a choice, read the reviews of the owners and breeders of taxis.

Choosing a  Dachshund Puppy

When choosing a puppy, special attention should be paid to its wool.

Puppies of a miniature dachshund at the age of two months are already psychologically ready to begin an independent life with the owner. During this period, they are already vaccinated and are not fed breast milk.

When purchasing a puppy, it is necessary to pay attention to the conditions in which it was kept – a clean, warm room with no unpleasant odors. It is also important to see at least one of the parents and assess its weight and size – you can see what the puppy will become when it grows up.

From the entire litter, choose the most mobile and active baby, and he should not be too fat and very skinny. A healthy puppy already has a body with characteristic for such proportions and strong and short legs, weight does not play a special role.

The most important indicator of a healthy dog ​​is wool. Regardless of what type of dachshund he belongs to (long-haired, smooth or hard-haired), a puppy should have a shiny coat, without bald spots and dandruff. The skin should be clean, without rashes and scratches.

Be sure to inspect the face and head of a puppy. The spots on the mouth should be light, the tongue and gums should be pink, without plaque and wounds. Dachshund bite – scissor. Eyes, nose and ears should also be clean, without discharge. A healthy puppy’s nose is cold and wet.

The back of the puppy should be without deflection or humpback, that is, absolutely straight, and the tail – also straight, without creases. Because all of these defects indicate serious health problems. Toes on the paws should be four, profitable should be stopped.

If you choose a dog, then remember that at the age of two months the testicles of the puppy should already fall. If the puppy has such a deviation, it will not be able to be allowed either to the shows or to the breeding.

What is not unimportant, take care of the documents – the contract of sale, paper, confirming the pedigree puppy, veterinary passport and puppy passport.

All this list you must provide the breeder or seller. Also try to collect feedback in advance about him, so that later you will not be disappointed if he lets you down.

Also ask what the puppy was fed and how often he ate, as the transition to a new diet should take place gradually. Weight puppies gain in different ways, someone grows up to 4 months, and then stops, and someone up to 4 months, the weight almost does not increase, but then gradually formed to one and a half years.

Features, Care and Health of Mini Dachshunds

Smooth-haired dachshund has a smooth and short, tight-fitting coat and sparse undercoat. This type of wool does not sufficiently protect the skin, as a result of which they can be exposed to environmental influences. Therefore, the protective function is performed by sebum, which has antibacterial and water-repellent properties.

Features, Care and Health of Mini Dachshunds

Considering the hunting history of the breed, walks with dachshunds should be regular so that the dog does not get fat in urban conditions.

Sebum is released 30% more than other varieties. But because of this, the smooth-haired mini dachshund gets dirty faster and smells stronger.

Hair care consists of combing wool with a massage brush with natural bristles or a special mitten. It is advisable to start from the back, then scratching the chest, abdomen, paws and tail, first on the fur, then against, thus stimulating the production of the sebaceous glands and loose hairs are removed.

It is also useful to wipe the wool with a cloth soaked with jojoba oil or burdock oil, then the wool will be shiny, glossy. Combing is enough to do 1 time per week.

Dwarf wire-haired dachshund is the most unassuming in the care of wool. The hair has a length of about 3 cm, the hair is very tight to the body, so it does not get dirty and it is enough to comb it with a brush or comb.

The long-haired miniature dachshund is one of the most beautiful of all species and therefore very popular. But her silky wool requires constant care. In winter, snow freezes over it, this makes it very difficult for the dog to move. At other times a lot of dirt is collected on wool.

Taxes need more energy per kg of weight than large-breed dogs. In the process of growing up, the weight of the dachshund increases 25 times.

A dog living in an apartment and moving a little is enough to feed no more than twice a day. Mini dachshunds are easily kept in the city. It is necessary to feed with special food, not allowing it to your table, watching carefully while walking, so that the dog, and especially the puppy, will not eat something inappropriate on the street.

If the dog’s diet is incorrectly balanced, it immediately reflects on the condition of its coat and skin. The dog also needs to be fed food rich in vitamins and microelements. Periodically add to the food a few drops of almond oil and up to 0.5 tsp. crushed flax seeds. You can also feed the dachshund with beer yeast and sea kale, it affects the shine of the wool.

Puppies before they reach 4-5 months of age should be fed with a specially developed full menu, and not with dry food. Meal should be 4-5 times a day.

Dachshund needs daily walks. Due to their activity and mobility, they can be excellent companions in your travels or long journeys.

While walking, keep in mind two important tips:

  • smooth-haired dachshunds are not adapted to cold weather, so in winter and autumn, walk her in overalls;
  • do not abuse sunbathing – the dog can overheat and get heatstroke.

Frequent bathing is not recommended for dachshunds, a special shampoo is used for this. Puppies up to the age of 4-5 months do not need to bathe. After walking paws, wipe with a damp cloth or rinse with water.

It is necessary to care for claws only while the dachshund is small. Carefully trim them with a claw cutter. In adult dogs, claws will grind themselves.

If the eyes are mucus and dry crusts form, remove them with a cotton swab soaked in a weak tea extract.

Ears need to inspect daily and remove excess sulfur with a cotton swab moistened with boric alcohol or hydrogen peroxide. The teeth also need regular care: reading with a special brush and toothpaste in order to avoid the formation of tartar, which causes an unpleasant smell from the mouth and inflammation of the gums. You can also drive a dachshund to a dental clinic for cleaning tartar.

Dwarf dachshund is not adapted to frequent jumping, so it can not be made to jump high. This can cause spinal injury. Lifespan mini dachshunds 12-14 years.

Features of mating dachshunds

The optimal age for dachshunds for breeding is 1 year for dogs and 20 months for bitches. Experts recommend first mating females after the third mating. Earlier breeding causes serious illness, as the dog’s body is not yet formed to reproduce offspring.

Mating between two different subspecies is permitted.

Required mating rules:

  • Mating should be carried out on the territory of the dog, because in their house they are most active;
  • the most appropriate time for this is morning, before feeding;
  • Also, before this serious event, the dog must be well walked, because the full bladder or
  • the intestine may become an obstacle to the successful performance of mating;
  • mating dogs should take place in a quiet place, without the presence of unauthorized people and animals.

Character and education

Dachshunds need training from an early age, as all hunting dogs are physically strong regardless of their size. In addition, dachshunds have a strong character, they are smart and inventive. With proper upbringing, the host and other family members are sensitive, but they can show an aggressive attitude towards outsiders.

But the mini-tax education system should not be based on the “carrot and stick” method. If your dog has done something very well, by all means praise her. Show her that you love her very much.

The most effective method of punishment for her will be ignoring.

But it is impossible for your dog to be for a long time without your attention – it will become embittered and uncommunicative. A rough appeal to the tax will lead to the fact that its character will deteriorate. In response to rudeness, they will react with small dirty tricks or a strong offense.

You also need to know that a miniature dachshund – especially stubborn dog. If she is in her way, it will not be easy to convince her. Therefore, when raising a mini-dachshund, you need to have a special sense and just love this lively, inquisitive and very clever dog.

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