Mesothelioma in dogs, a rare but not impossible tumor. We learn to recognize its symptoms in order to cure dog. Let’s look at the cause, symptoms and treatment.
Mesothelioma in dogs is a rare tumor derived from cellular tissue that lines the cavities and structures within the body. These coatings are called epithelial, in particular the mesothelium is a membranous epithelial coating that derives from the mesodermal cell layer.
Cause of mesothelioma in dogs
Mesothelioma is the result of abnormal division and replication of mesothelial cells and their migration to other areas of the body. This pathology can occur in the abdominal cavity, in the thoracic cavity, in the pericardial sac that surrounds the heart and, for males, in the scrotum.
This type of tumor produces a huge amount of fluids and this ensures that the cytological examination of fluid samples becomes an extremely important diagnostic tool. Another possible cause of mesothelioma in dogs is exposure to asbestos.
Mesothelioma in dogs is a tumor that moves and often replaces internal organs, causing gastrointestinal or cardiac symptoms. In general, the first signs from which it is possible to realize that our four-legged friend is in poor health are the following:
- shortness of breath;
- deaf sounds of heart, lungs and abdominal (ventral);
- abdominal enlargement / inflammation with fluid build-up;
- enlarged scrotum;
- physical fatigue;
- vomiting in the dog.
Diagnosis and treatment of mesothelioma in dogs
In order to establish a diagnosis it will be essential for the veterinarian to become aware of the basic health history, the onset of symptoms, a complete physical examination and the possible accidents that could have precipitated this condition.
After this first screening of the situation, he will proceed with a complete dog blood test, including a biochemical blood profile and urinalysis. But the radiographs of the chest and abdominal cavities will be of fundamental help in confirming mesothelioma in dogs.
These diagnostic tools may also be useful for showing effusions (fluid leaks from the vessels) or masses in the body cavities and in the pericardial sac (the lining that surrounds the heart). Furthermore, it will also be possible to carry out a cytological examination by taking a sample of liquid to be analyzed under a microscope.
Finally, to ascertain everything, exploratory surgery or laparoscopy can be applied (abdominal surgery) which can be performed to remove the mesothelial masses for a cellular examination in the laboratory. As regards the treatment in principle, the dog will be treated in his familiar home environment.
If the animal were to have difficulty breathing, just leave it a space where it can feel safe and secure. Far from sources of stress and disturbers, such as active children and other animals. Thus giving him the chance to recover.
While in the event that the dog should present an excess of liquid in any of its body cavities due to mesothelioma, such as in the chest or abdomen, the veterinarian will not be able to do anything but hospitalize the animal for a short period of time.
This liquid will need to be drained from these cavities. If fluid has accumulated in the pericardial sac, surgery will even be needed to relieve pressure.
How to manage the life of the dog
At this point after a diagnosis and treatment it is likely that the veterinarian could have prescribed chemotherapy with cisplatin for the treatment of mesothelioma in dogs. From now on, the progress of the dog must be monitored, with frequent follow-up visits to check the health of the animal’s kidney.
Condition that can occur in some animals, as they can have a toxic reaction to chemotherapy. In addition, the chest and pleural cavity must also be monitored of your pet, using X-ray images, to make sure that mesothelioma has not spread.
Basically, afterwards what is required for the tranquility and recovery of the dog, it is a safe and peaceful space for rest, slow and short walks near the house and soft games for dogs will be more suitable until our friend has recovered.