What causes kidney problems?
The following are some of the causes of both chronic and acute kidney problems:
- High blood pressure
- Immune Disease
- Congenital or hereditary disease
- Reduced blood flow to the kidneys
- Kidney Injury
- Urinary tract disorders such as kidney stones
- Exposure to toxins, especially antifreeze preparations
What are the symptoms of kidney problems?
If your cat shows any of the following symptoms, please take him to the vet.
- Loss / decrease of appetite
- Weight loss
- Vomiting or diarrhea
- Lethargy or depression
- Change in the amount of water consumed
- Pain in the kidneys
- Mouth ulcers
- Bad breath
- Bloody or cloudy urine
- Urinating in the wrong places or pain when urinating
- Stumbling, acting like drunk
Which cats are prone to kidney problems?
Kidney disease is most common in older cats, but can occur in cats of all ages. Cats can be born with abnormal kidneys that never work properly. Some breeds, such as Persians, are predisposed to such hereditary kidney problems.
In addition, cats that go outside are exposed to serious problems because they are more likely to come into contact with toxins that can cause kidney failure, such as defrosting preparations.
How are cat kidney problems diagnosed?
There are different ways to determine if your cat has kidney disease. Your veterinarian will conduct a clinical examination and take blood and urine samples to check if your pet’s kidneys are working properly. X-ray, ultrasound, blood pressure measurement or kidney biopsy can also be performed.
What are the kidney problems in cats?
It can be difficult to determine the specific cause of kidney disease. Emergency treatment and hospitalization may be needed depending on the degree of kidney failure the cat is in. Acute kidney disease can sometimes be caught at an early stage when kidney damage is minimal. In some cases, long-term supportive care is preferred. The following treatments are possible:
- Treatment of the underlying cause of renal failure (e.g. toxin)
- Drugs that support urine production
- Therapeutic diet
- Electrolyte disturbance management
- fluid therapy
- Correction of anemia
- Drugs for high blood pressure, vomiting or gastrointestinal problems
Should cats with kidney problems be fed a special diet?
Feeding a cat with a special diet will not cure kidney disease, but controlling your cat’s protein, phosphorus and sodium intake can help alleviate symptoms and improve your pet’s overall health and longevity. There are many veterinary diets on the market for cats with chronic kidney disease.
Remember that changes in your cat’s diet should not be made abruptly. Talk to your vet about transferring your cat gently to new food.
How can I care for my cat at home?
Be diligent by following your cat’s diet, strictly following the diet prescribed by your veterinarian. Always give him access to clean, fresh water, keep calm at home and make sure he has current routine medical checks and tests as recommended by the veterinarian.
How can you prevent kidney problems?
Do not give your cat over-the-counter medications without the instructions of a veterinarian and make sure he has access to fresh water at all times.
What happens if cat kidney problems go unnoticed?
If acute kidney failure is not recognized and treated, cats can suffer from various degrees of permanent kidney damage and even die. Chronic renal failure causes many secondary problems over time, including a decrease in calcium levels, which can lead to bone demineralization. Anemia can also occur when the kidneys lose the ability to produce a hormone that stimulates the production of red blood cells. Ultimately, if left untreated, renal failure is fatal.