The possible infections of the dog’s paw are very diverse. Sometimes, they can be caused directly by a microorganism. However, other times they can derive from non-infectious pathologies and are called secondary or underlying infections.
The diagnosis of any disease or condition should always be given by a veterinary professional, as it is the only one that is trained for it. In addition, in all cases it is necessary to perform specific tests that determine the origin or type of infection.
However, we will talk about infections of the dog’s paw and its possible diagnoses for information purposes. In this way, we will know a little more about this type of ailments.
Yeast dog paw infections
One of the most common infections of the dog’s paw is that caused by fungi, specifically yeasts of the genus Malassezia. These microorganisms can live on the dog’s skin without causing damage, but if for some reason they begin to reproduce, infections appear.
Immunosuppressed dogs are more likely to develop these fungi, especially in summer, when the weather becomes warm. The foci of infections are usually located in the paws of the dogs, between the fingers, where there is greater humidity. It is also common to infect the ears.
The main symptom of this pathology is constant itching, so we will see our pet scratching continuously. On the other hand, The affected areas will have a reddish hue and the skin will be damaged. In addition, it emits a very characteristic smell that we could describe as rancid.
To diagnose a malasezias infection, scraping and cytology are necessary.
Demodectic mange is caused by a mite (Demodex canis) that lives inside the dog’s hair follicles. There are three types of demodectic mange, one of them known as demodic pododermatitis, as it affects the legs.
Due to the presence of the mite and the lesions it creates on the skin, secondary bacterial infections appear, especially in the pads or between the fingers.
Other symptoms that may appear if a dog suffers from demodectic mange are bald skin, lesions, sores, scabs, among others. Dogs, naturally, always have mites in their fur. So, Scabies can only be diagnosed if you have skin lesions, in addition to the visualization of the mites after scraping or biopsy.
Pemphigus foliaceus is an autoimmune disease characterized by the appearance of pus-filled blisters, about 10 millimeters in length. These lesions usually appear for the first time on the face and ears of the animal.
However, they quickly affect the pads of dogs’ paws, which crack and host secondary bacterial infections. Due to the pain produced, the dog may stop walking.
This disease can only be diagnosed through a skin biopsy and an immunofluorescence test.. Occasionally, this medical condition develops after the use of some antibiotics.
OLS dog paw infections
Symmetric lupoid onychodystrophy is really an autoimmune disease that specifically affects the dog’s claws. It causes their weakening until they fall. Once it happens, when they grow back, they do it in a crooked and fragile way, which causes pain to the dog.
The symptoms that occur are usually chronic lameness, bleeding from the claws, inflation of the fingers and pads and secondary infections. There is no specific treatment for this disease, simply the use of vitamin supplements among other food supplements. Although infections that appear should also be treated.
Dog breeds prone to ear infections
It is very important to treat the problem as soon as it appears and above all take into account that there are breeds of dogs prone to ear infections Read more “