There is little more endearing than a small gerbil. This animal, which is close to the rat, but is a cousin of the hamster, is a rodent particularly attractive and interesting. She can live up to 5 years. To maintain good health, some daily care must be provided. This comes in addition to his hygiene always irreproachable. We explain how to proceed.
Your gerbil is particularly prone to bacterial, viral and parasitic infections . Still, this is not a rodent that often falls sick, quite the contrary.
A serene environment
What better way for your gerbil to live in good health than to offer him conditions worthy of the name? It goes through a prosperous and healthy environment. A calm atmosphere that she must find as soon as she arrives in her cage. It must be in a non-conducting and well-ventilated room, without drafts.
In addition, your gerbil will feel more comfortable and surely happier with companionship. He is a gregarious animal and, for his mental health, a congener should be added. Finally, you certainly minimize your stress with a soft voice on a daily basis and a regular presence at your side.
Install bathing soil
This is an inseparable element of the gerbil: the bathing earth. It is thanks to her that she maintains her hygiene . A bath of earth must be installed in his cage . Above all, his land will have to be changed regularly to avoid the appearance of bacteria or parasites.
Your gerbil will come daily bask in to remove excess oil and keep a shiny and careful coat.
An adapted diet
Be careful, your gerbil is omnivorous. She eats everything, but in small quantities. To give him an adapted diet enters the process of care to bring him. It must ingest as much animal protein as a vegetable but especially pellets, vegetables, and fruits. Whatever for them, you will avoid anything that is too sweet.
A poor diet can only harm his health and good life. This will put a brake on his life expectancy and will probably cause the development of easily preventable diseases.
Hazardous foods for the gerbil
Does your gerbil eat everything? At first sight, yes. Indeed, it is an omnivorous rodent that appreciates the meat diet as well as fruits or vegetables. However, not everything is good for her, who is not aware of what she can or can not ingest. You must be careful about offering him food. We inform you on which to avoid so that the health of your animal does not deteriorate.
Omnivore? Yes, the gerbil is, even if we can also talk about granivore . Indeed, she will be quite fond of seeds and will occasionally eat fruits, vegetables and insects. She can therefore seem to eat everything. There are, however, foods that are forbidden to him . Food that can seriously damage its intestinal flora or worse, its vital organs and may lead to death.
You must be warned of the danger these foods may contain, even in very small quantities.
Totally toxic foods
At first, you will have to forget all traces of chocolate. As good for humans as it is bad for animals and especially rodents. Chocolate contains theobromine , which is a toxic substance . The reactions range from diarrhea to vomiting and even heart attacks . To avoid, therefore!
You will also avoid giving him tea, coffee and alcohol . These 3 drinks can drastically speed up your heart rate, already high in normal times. They would therefore promote attacks and can also damage his brain.
The citrus fruits like lemon, orange and grapefruit should be avoided from your diet because they can have negative effects on his kidneys .
No kernel of fruit (or vegetable) should be ingested by your gerbil. The nuclei contain a substance close to cyanide . Even a small amount can be fatal to your pet.
The nitrate in spinach is bad for your health, like salting too much chips and other appetizers like peanuts , fines and biscuits .
In addition, you should avoid giving him raw eggs, which contain salmonella as well as sweets, which will promote his overweight and obesity, and could develop diabetes.
The potatoes are starchy forget, like all kinds of salads and tomatoes and the raw beans.
Prohibited vegetables and fruits
Despite its appetite for fruits and vegetables, your gerbil can find harmful on its way. It is, therefore, appropriate to banish them from their potential diet. The following list must disappear from its diet: apricot, asparagus, celery, turnip, squash, zucchini pepper, apple, grapes, sorrel, potato, and tomato tops.
Your home may be overgrown with plants, your other passion. You should know that some of them are really toxic for your gerbil. By swallowing them, she is exposed to serious health problems. She could especially die. Thus, it is important to avoid installing plants within reach. Your passion can lead to an accident and thus make your protégé disappear. Plants such as azalea, anthurium, aloe, buttercup, crocus, dieffenbachia, fern, hyacinth, ivy, cassava, lily of the valley, narcissus, primrose, sage or the violet are harmful.
What to deal with food poisoning?
Your gerbil has inadvertently swallowed a dangerous or toxic food. There is not a minute to lose. You must immediately go to your veterinarian. The latter will be able to save your pet if he can. Certain types of food are unfortunately fatal in almost all cases, regardless of the intervention.
At the slightest symptom of food poisoning (vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, dizziness, lethargy), you need to know the food responsible for it. You must be able to tell your veterinarian. Essential condition to try to save it.
The most serious cases are when the toxins have reached the vital organs of your rodent (brain, heart, liver, lung). In these cases, there is not much to be done except to shorten the suffering.
Every day or so, you will need to keep an eye on the general condition of your gerbil. Start by inspecting his coat, which must remain bright and beautiful. Dull fur is often a sign of a disorder or underlying disease. In addition, depilated areas are the seat of parasites or a skin disease.
You will not forget to inspect his eyes which must never flow. It may, in the opposite case, have an eye disease , such as an infection . His claws must always be of suitable size, never too long. Indeed, your gerbil could hurt itself. Thus, she must have enough ground in her cage to be able to dig in order to use her claws.
She must also use her teeth continuously with gnawing accessories. In the opposite case, it could develop malocclusions , even if it is rare in these species.
The care also includes how to hold and carry your gerbil. The technique is simple: the middle finger and the index finger should be put on each side of his neck, without tightening too hard your rodent.
How To Care For a Pet Gerbil
Your gerbil is an omnivorous rodent that must have a diet adapted to his condition to live in prosperity. The food enters the walk-in course to give him. Care corresponding to the inspection of his general condition that attention confers it. In addition, your rodent must evolve in a healthy environment to minimize the stress that could lead to more or less serious pathologies. Take care of your pet.