Hamster Teeth – Hello, all hamster lovers! In this article we will talk on the topic of hamster dentistry. Probably many would answer that they are afraid of the dentist, but no one will reject the importance of healthy teeth and oral cavity. Hamster’s teeth are a very important issue of rodent health. Indeed, the word “rodent” itself implies “nibble” by itself, to have healthy teeth.
How many teeth does a hamster have?
if you didn’t look into the mouth of your pet, then you probably would think that the hamster has two teeth of the incisor in the upper and lower jaws, but this is not so. Hamsters have a total of 16 teeth. These are 4 cutters, two on top and bottom, and on 6 molars for more thorough chewing of food. The molars are not visible at first glance since there are no teeth. To inspect the remaining 12 teeth, take the hamster by the mane and pull the cheek bags back. This way you can see all the hamster’s teeth.
How do hamsters grind their teeth and why?
Surely every hamster owner knows that hamsters teeth grow constantly without stopping and hamsters have to sharpen them. It is very interesting to understand why this is happening. Their teeth do not have roots, because they always grow, just as there are no nerve endings (only at the base), due to which grinding is painless. Speaking about the fact that hamsters sharpen their teeth, it is understood that the animal nibbles a hard object and the teeth self-sharpen.
Why does it happen? Nature is well thought out. This is due to the uneven coating of the enamel. On the front side, the teeth have a thick, very strong layer of enamel, and on the back side, they are weak and thin or do not have at all. Thus, when crushing solid objects, the tooth is not erased evenly, but it is sharpened chemically. Molars also have surface irregularities that are self-sharpening.
What hamsters grind their teeth? Very often, when the owner has not provided for special pebbles or twigs, these are the bars of the cage. Probably, many hamster owners encountered the problem of cage rustling at night? In order for the hamster not to gnaw on useless metal, put a special mineral stone for hamsters in the cage, a chalkstone, which can be purchased at a zoo pharmacy or pet shop. Also, you can put the branches of fruit trees.
Thus, the hamster will not only satisfy his need to grind his teeth, but also receive benefits in the form of mineral substances. It is important to note that the proper diet of the rodent (solid cereals) also play an important role. If your hamster does not eat solid food, it will not only affect the overall health, but also the health of the teeth.
Care hamster teeth
If you are a rodent lover, you will know that this type of animal has many personality characteristics, such as its teeth, which are in continuous growth throughout the life of the animal.
As for the hamster, a small rodent that deserves our affection as pets, this is one of the few animals that are born with teeth, so take care of their hygiene and oral and dental health that we will implement as a priority. In order to keep our small pet in best conditions.
The care that this animal requires is simple but we also need to know how to take care of your hamster teeth properly, in order to avoid any difficulty that may harm your pet’s health.
Feeding the hamster
Prevention is better than cure and one of the biggest care of the teeth of hamster is to offer balanced and adequate nutrition for our pets because in this way we will ensure you give all the necessary nutrients, without which the hamster could development of oral pathology
The hamster is an animal that mainly feeds on seeds, but we must supply the following food groups:
- Vegetables: Raw or boiled, it provides water, minerals and vitamins. We need to be careful and too much carrots must be given, as they may be overweight.
- Wild herbs: Enjoy clover and dandelion.
- Results: We can offer you fresh or dried fruit, pears, peaches, apples, grapes, strawberries and cherries. We can also include nuts in your diet.
- Cereals: Oats, bread, barley and wheat.
- Proteins: Proteins will be made available through insects, meat, fish and eggs.
You need to combine these foods taking into account that hamster consumes 12-15 grams of food a day.
Injuries in hamma teeth
The most common problems that a hamster can present in its oral cavity are due to various reasons such as problems with feeding, hormonal imbalance or congenital disorders.
The most common problems are: \ t
- Tooth broken
- Oral infection
- Excessive tooth growth
For the broken tooth hamster or mouth infection, the opposite tooth is growing compensatorily, which brings the same risks as an overgrowth of the teeth, which can even cause starvation, that is why it is so important the need care to determine for hamster teeth.
Care hamster teeth
We see what is the care of hamster teeth, as simple as avoiding serious safeguards in our pets:
- Check your pet’s mouth cavity at least once a month
- If your hamster is older, more reviews will be needed since the age of these animals is prone to suffering the teeth
- Before excessive growth of teeth, you have to go to the veterinarian, it will tell you what the technique is to cut the teeth and then you can do it in your home when needed
- If your hamster gets lost when you have a dental problem, you should clean your food with water to avoid bad nutrition \ t
- The hamster is counterproductive sharpen their teeth with suitable small materials such as the bars of the cage, you should always have available bars pressings, teething calcium rings, minerals and many wooden blocks
Your hamster should only gnaw their teeth with products designed specifically for rodents and while initially the care you can have an excessive or complicated look, which is no longer from reality, since it is just to get on Your health mascot routine
What should I do if a hamster has a tooth or has grown too long?
If the hamster is injured and you notice that one or several teeth have broken off or fell out, do not worry. They must grow back. Your task is to keep track of the long teeth that remain.
It is likely that, as a result of the injury, the hamster will not fully use the incisors, grind them, and they may grow back too much, which in turn may lead to inability to eat food. It is necessary to cut long teeth. The right decision is to take the animal to the vet.
The procedure is not complicated, it will quickly shorten the excess. However, if there is no such possibility, you can do it yourself with the help of nail clippers or cat clappers. You only need to cut off the excess. When normalizing the length of all teeth, the hamster will grind them off independently and your intervention will not be required.
A hamster’s teeth fall out: how hamsters grind their teeth
The hamster’s teeth are an important indicator of the health of a small pet. Hamsters, like all other rodents, should always nibble something to maintain jaw health. One of the features of the hamster: his teeth grow all his life. Therefore, in order for them not to break, they must be constantly eroded.
Hamster teeth: care for them and diseases
Ordinary hamsters, which are most often kept at home, are distinguished by a special structure of the dental system. On each jaw, they have incisors, and their growth does not cease throughout life. Hamsters constantly grind them about hard food or pieces of wood, which accounts for their habit of nibbling everything that is available around.
Dental diseases for these animals pose a serious problem. Hamsters can not eat normally, and this has negative consequences for the whole organism, therefore it is important to help them in time.
Possible problems with teeth in hamsters
If the pet refuses to eat, loses weight and does not allow to touch his cheek pouch, you should carefully examine his teeth. Such symptoms often indicate uneven growth of incisors, as a result of which they do not grind at the same time. As a result, the teeth grow into cheek pouches or into the sky, causing pain to the hamster. The reason for uneven growth is a genetic predisposition. The vet will help solve the problem by cutting the incisors. The hamster does not experience discomfort during the procedure, as there are no nerve endings in this area. If uneven growth continues throughout life, teeth will have to be cut regularly.
The incisors also often break when the hamster nibbles too hard objects, such as cage sticks. This problem will be solved naturally, the teeth will grow over time. You should only make sure that they are the same length. Otherwise you will have to cut them at the vet. It is not recommended to carry out this procedure on your own in order not to accidentally injure a resisting rodent.
Prevention of dental diseases
To prevent problems with the incisors helps their regular inspection, for which the cheek bags are gently pulled back. Teeth must be even and have the same length. Their condition depends on the hamster’s diet. Its basis is ready-made cereal mixtures. They usually contain a complete set of trace elements necessary for the body of pets. The diet should also contain fresh vegetables and fruits: carrots, cucumbers, zucchini, green salad, apples, apricots, peaches.
Lemons, oranges and other citrus fruits have increased acidity, so they should not be given to hamsters. Feed the rodents potatoes are not worth it because of the large amount of starch contained in it. Hamsters are harmful and too fatty foods, such as cheese. They negatively affect the functioning of the digestive system. You can not feed hamsters sweet foods, as they provoke the development of diabetes.
But a little protein in the diet of rodents will benefit them. Hamster give small portions of boiled chicken meat, low-fat cottage cheese, egg white. Since these products deteriorate rapidly, they should not be allowed to remain in the cage for a long time. Hamsters love to stock, and stale meat or cottage cheese can harm their health. Water in drinking bowls should always be clean and not stagnate.
Hamsters often break incisors, as they gnaw too hard objects, grinding off their teeth. It is necessary to provide the pet with the opportunity to level them and not to harm their health. To do this, you can purchase a hamster in a veterinary pharmacy, chalky or mineral stone, dandelion root or current branches. They are quite solid, but their use will not lead to damage to the teeth.
If a hamster begins to gnaw a cage, a house in it or feeders, you need to carefully give him a stone or a spring. Gradually, the animal will get used to using them for grinding off incisors and will cease to spoil its home. The implementation of all preventive measures will avoid problems with the teeth of the hamster and prevent the occurrence of discomfort and pain.
Dental problems hamsters
Not all exotic people have dental problems, but hamster teeth can cause problems. Hamsters, like some other exotic pets, have a type of teeth that grow continuously throughout life. These teeth may periodically require tooth extraction if your hamster does not erase them.
Herbivores, such as rabbits, chinchillas and hamsters, have long teeth that are constantly growing, often requiring tooth extraction. These teeth are called gypsodontal. Hypsodont teeth have crowns (that part of the teeth that you can see), which extend a great length beyond the gums. Therefore, the hypsodontal teeth are unusually long compared to the teeth of dogs, cats, or people. Due to natural grinding when chewing toys, hay and other food products in normal herbivores, teeth remain at the ideal length, but many people need to regularly cut their teeth by hand due to a number of diseases and genetic features. factors.
Your hamster’s incisors or front teeth are easiest to determine when they are overgrown. Usually they grow so long that they begin to bend and stick between the lips. Once they get too long, they can get stuck on things, or, worse, grow into the gums or the roof of your hamster’s mouth. The molars or teeth in the back of the mouth can also reach excessive length, but they rarely grow in hamsters. Molars are difficult to observe without using a mirror to look into the back of the mouth, but hamsters with overgrown molars tend to hypersalivate and have difficulty chewing and swallowing.
If done correctly, dental pads are not painful. Since the hamster’s mouth is very small, the Dremel tool is unsafe to use, as it is for large herbivores, such as rabbits and chinchillas. Scissors for suture material or small nail clippers are designed for cutting overgrown incisors. Care should be taken not to pinch the teeth too short, leading to pain and possible injury to the teeth. In many exotic pet hospitals, these dental straps will be inexpensive to spend with a technician or doctor.
Molar dental strip
Molar trimming can be more difficult than cutting the incisors, and, fortunately, there is no need to do this very often. Molars are not as easy to define as overgrown, so by this point the vet usually sees the pet. After the vet confirms that your hamster’s molars are too long, they can trim them with a waking animal using a surgical tool designed to remove a bone or tooth, called rongeur (interestingly enough, the word rongeur in French means rodent) or tooth-specific instrument. If your hamster allows them (although they usually don’t), and the vet can grab the right tooth, the overgrown part is simply cut off. There is a chance of injury, but unlike dog nippers, the nippers are much sharper and usually do not cause any damage.
When your hamster is temporarily disabled, molars may be trimmed and trimmed to an appropriate length. This is an ideal method for trimming molars, but some owners may have financial constraints that limit them from anesthesia or calming their exotic pets.
Owners of hamsters and other exotic animals with hypsodontal teeth should be aware of the possible complications associated with the teeth of their pet. Without proper attention, overgrown teeth can cause serious injury, anorexia, and even death from the inability to chew and swallow. Fortunately, the problem with overgrown teeth is easily controlled with regular dental linings and proper chewing behavior. But if you need help with your hamster’s teeth, call your local exotic vet.