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Hamster – History | Fun Facts| Breed | Advice

things to know before adopting a copy


Hamster – History | Fun Facts| Breed | Advice

things to know before adopting a Hamster – The hamster has become a small pet, let’s find out together.


Widespread and appreciated in the West from 1930, the year in which from Syria it was brought to Israel and then to England and the USA, where it reproduced and established itself as a docile and meek pet.

The hamster: the species, their appearance and behavior

The hamster belongs to a subfamily of the cricetidi. It is one of the most common domestic and laboratory animals in the West.

The fact that this animal has become widely used in research is mainly due to its own highly developed senses.

The hamster is equipped with a acute hearing (hamsters communicate with ultrasound as well as with classic human-audible squeaks) and a incredible sense of smell.

The hamster: the breeds

There is not only one breed of hamsters. In all they exist 20 hamster species, among which the best known is the common hamster also called ‘hamster‘, The largest variety, brown in color and black belly.

In reality there are other rather interesting breeds.

Campbell hamster

Also known as Russian teddy bear, it is recognized by the light gray color and the black line on the back, and it is what you will find in pet stores.

Takes its name from Walter Campbell, which imported it from Mongolia in 1902. Characterized by small dimensions (9-12 cm long, weighs 20-28 gr) it has hairy legs to withstand the low temperatures of the steppes of Russia, Siberia, Mongols and northern China, the areas from which it comes from.

Winter White hamster

Also known as Siberian, it is recognizable by the white livery to blend in with the snow and by the small size of the normal (9-12 cm long, weighs 50-60 gr).

Originally from Kazakhstan, Mongolia and Siberia, it has only been present in Europe since the 1980s.

Hamster Roborosky

They are animals smaller (4-5 cm long, weighs 15-20 gr) of light brown color, white belly and ‘disheveled’ looking fur, which are named after a freight forwarder who in 1894 captured a specimen. It comes from the Mongolian desert.

Golden Syrian hamster

Finally the gold Syrian, is the most known and appreciated species in the world and is the most widespread domestic and laboratory animal in the West. It comes from the desert areas of the Middle East and has been known in Europe since 1839. Medium in size (20 cm long, weighs 120 gr), golden honey in color, it is a very clean and undemanding animal, and for this reason, it can be easily bred in home.

All about the hamster
Syria’s first golden hamster female was found in Syria in 1930 with her litter of 12 young

The hamster: wait

The hamster is a rodent from small and compact body, slightly rounded, characterized by large ears, very dark and protruding eyes, sharp nails, protruding incisors and thick fur.

The legs are short, as well as the tail, and overall the length of the body varies from 7 to 20 cm.

Since it comes from desert areas and from the Russian steppes with a harsh climate, it has developed a peculiarity: the pillow pockets, that is, the folds of the skin that start from the incisors to end on the external side of the jaw. These folds become real if necessary ‘Pockets’ for storing food or transporting it from one place to another. Another adaptation of the cheeks to thehabitat natural hamster is to swell to facilitate the crossing of water courses and increase buoyancy. The color the hamster’s fur varies according to the species.

The color of the coat varies according to the breed from the white of the Winter White to the light brown of the Syrian gold and to the reddish brown of the Roboroski grayish or brown with dark belly of the common hamster.

Find out how … Protect animals from the cold

All about the hamster
In nature, the hamster is a very solitary and aggressive animal with other individuals of its species

Behavior and feeding

The hamster is a rodent mainly herbivore, greedy then d small fruits, seeds, buds, roots, flowers and leaves.

Despite this, the common hamster is known to not disdain even lizards, insects, frogs, mice and even snakes. In nature, hamsters live in dens organized in small rooms where the food collected outside is transferred and stored in anticipation of winter.

When they live in the wild, in the colder season almost all hamster breeds enter a state of hibernation, from which they wake up only for a few moments to eat the stocks accumulated in the lair’s warehouses.

In captivity the domestic hamster is kept indoors at 20 ° and does not perceive the need to stockpile and hibernate, so he stays up all winter.


aggressiveness it is a common trait of wild hamsters and larger species very easily attack their fellow humans and even dogs and people if they feel threatened.

As a petinstead, the hamster is docile, gentle and not at all aggressive.

All about the hamster
A single specimen of common hamster is able to collect and accumulate up to 90 kg of food in the rooms of its lair.

The hamster: practical advice

What are the basic indications for meeting its ethological needs? Let’s see them below.


The first thing to pay close attention to if you want to have more hamsters is the mating phase. THE hamsters become sexually mature very early e after 50-60 days of life they are ready to reproduce, especially in captivity.

For the first month after childbirth, the female must be separated from the male and not disturbed during breastfeeding.

The male, in fact, would impregnate her again and the stress could push her to kill the puppies.

Before weaning (about 3 weeks after birth) the puppies must not be touched at all pas the mother may not recognize the smell and kill them.


The cage that will house your hamster must be warm and comfortable, at least large 60 × 40 cm.

Better to opt for a plastic model or a terrarium in glass instead of metal bar cages because they do not protect against temperature changes and drafts. The cage must always be clean and well ventilated.

Essential to equip it with one wooden cottage that the hamster will use as a hiding place for food and with one plastic wheel or metal.

Finally, prepare a small bowl for food and one with a drip system for water.

all about the hamster
The hamster has become a very popular and appreciated pet in the West


As we have seen, this animal eats a bit of everything: specific feed, fruit, fresh vegetables they are perfect to meet its nutritional needs.

A useful trick for the teeth is to prepare a football block or piece of wood that the hamster will gnaw with taste.

The hamster eats twice daily and his meals must be mainly based on fiber and cereals. Green light for soy, spelled, oats, barley, rye and legumes, in particular lentils and broad beans.


There cleaning the cage it must be daily. It must remove excrement and leftover food and carefully clean the litter box.

The best litters are those in hemp or linen. These materials retain odors and allow the hamster to dig as he would in nature. Be careful, therefore, to leave a layer at least 5 cm high in the cage.

Finally, remember that the hamster is a nice and docile animal but with a fairly short life (about 2 years).

To make him feel good, carefully apply all the advice and never let him miss a small daily dose of cuddles.

DISCOVER ALSO: The guinea pig, what you need to know for your well-being

The hamster: prices

If you want to buy a hamster, it is good to go to a breeder or a serious retailer and not try to save money by looking for ads on the internet.

Keep in mind that i Siberian hamsters (also called Russian hamsters or Russian bears) cost around 10 euros in a pet shop.

The largest hamsters, the Italian ones, are brown in color and cost a maximum of 15 euros, while the breed Roborosky they are also 10-15 euros.

Of course with the hamster it serves a cage, some sand or sawdust for the bottom and some food. It starts from 15 euros to get to 50-60 for the whole kit, now let’s see some accessories.


You have just bought a little hamster? Then you might be interested in these books and accessories to take better care your new friend:

Karlie 84197 Game Wheel for Wooden Rodents 15 Cm
Karlie 84197 Game Wheel for Wooden Rodents 15 Cm

Prices updated on 27-05-2020 at 7:34 PM.

Kaytee Superpet | Clean & Cozy Litter for Small Animals / Rodents / Hamsters | Birthday Cake 99.9% dust free Odor control 12.3 Liters

Prices updated on 27-05-2020 at 7:34 PM

Emours ™ - Movable wooden toy cylinder for small animals for hamsters, mice and other small furry animals

Prices updated on 27-05-2020 at 7:34 PM.

Little Friends, High Cage for hamsters and mice with wooden shelf and ladder
Little Friends, High Cage for hamsters and mice with wooden shelf and ladder

Prices updated on 27-05-2020 at 7:34 PM.

Other small animals to discover

Other insights on small rodents and pets:

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