German Pinscher : Origin | Breeds | Characteristics| Fun Facts

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German Pinscher : Origin | Breeds | Characteristics| Fun Facts | How To Care | Health –  Attentive, alert and always at the center of the action: what in the past was a stable dog or a rat hunting dog, which you could find practically on every farm, even today it is a dog for the family, willingly takes on a role “as a protagonist”.

The German Pinscher

The German Pinscher, a dog with a strong and decisive character, does not want to miss anything, whether it is outdoor sports or cuddling within the walls of the house.

Characteristics of the German Pinscher

The German Pinscher is considered an active and lively dog, very close to man and cuddly.

While its desire to move and play in the outdoors has no limits, this intelligent and self-confident dog breed seeks the cuddles of its master at home.

Both at home and away, the German Pinscher requires great attention from the owner, without however wanting to be “monopolized”. The Pinscher, in fact, knows exactly what he wants: this independent and intelligent dog needs his space both physically and mentally. Thanks to his strong confidence, his nerves of steel and his intelligence he has everything under control. As a former watchdog, he loves to watch over his home.

He is very attentive and immediately raises the alarm if something unusual happens. A stranger will never set foot on a German Pinscher’s territory by staying unnoticed. However, the Pinscher rarely barks – this lively, yet quiet and balanced dog is anything but snarling.

While he meets strangers with a certain amount of distrust, in the family he is a very cuddly and faithful companion. With the right upbringing, which must be both constant and loving, and a calm owner by your side, this naturally stubborn animal will even prove adaptable and obedient.

It is important that he can understand his master’s commands. The German Pinscher only learns what he thinks is worth learning and clearly shows when he doesn’t like something. From birth he knows how to use his intelligence. He immediately recognizes any weaknesses of his master and knows how to exploit them to his advantage. His “intelligent disobedience” to even the most experienced master is sometimes a challenge. However the predisposition to autonomy, as well as the innate The dog’s hunting instinct varies from one specimen to another. If certain educational rules are respected from the beginning, even the most stubborn dogs can be directed in the desired direction. Thanks to their strong yet gentle temperament and their learning ability coupled with a tireless urge to play and great endurance, German Pinschers are very lovable and versatile family and service dogs.

If your German Pinscher turns out to be disobedient, it’s not necessarily because of his dominant behavior of an alpha dog, but rather of an education that is not always consistent and constant


The short, thick coat of the German Pinscher does not require great care, making it a perfect family dog. The thick coat is smooth and shiny, mostly black and tan or deer red, but the latter color appears only in 20% of the breed.

With a height at the withers ranging from 45 to 50 cm and a weight of 14 – 20 kg, the German Pinscher is a small-medium sized dog. It has a square build, as height and length are almost equal. He has a proud and elegant bearing which blends well with his haughty character. Its strength and sturdiness are also demonstrated by the muscular body which stands out especially when the animal is in motion. Its sturdy back slopes slightly towards the back. The drooping V-shaped ears stand upright on the sturdy, elongated skull. They are turned forward and their edges hang down along the dog’s cheeks. The edges of the ears are also very thin, which can cause injury.


The fact that the German Pinscher (except for the aforementioned ear edge problem) is only rarely affected by canine pathologies, is probably due to its lack of intensive breeding. Together with the Schnauzer, the German Pinscher is one of the oldest European dog breeds. It is supposed to be the direct descendant of the peat dog, which according to historians was bred as early as 3000 BC. However, the origins of this breed are not known with certainty. While some researchers identify Württemberg as the place of origin of the Pinscher, others believe that it descends from the English Terrier. Still others argue the exact opposite, namely that the Pinscher is the ancestor of the Terrier of English origin.

What is certain is that the appearance of this dog, which appeared in herd books as early as 1880, has changed little over the years. The classic Pinscher we know today already appears in medieval and Renaissance paintings.

Around 1900, the German Pinscher met on almost all farms, where he had the task of guarding the house and farm and keeping away harmful animals such as rats, mice and martens. It was also used as a carriage dog and kept an eye on it in case of absence of the coachman. The Pinscher was distinguished above all by his marked versatility, which made him the indispensable companion of farmers, landowners and carters. The nickname “Stable Pinscher” and “Rattler” (Mouse dog) is also due to their original field of use. Perhaps also the name “Pinscher”, which in old High German means “that pinches” and which is related to the English verb of similar meaning “to pinch” is due to his activity as an expert rat hunter.

In this context, the English verb “to pinch” can be translated as “incastrare”, “catch” or “grab” and describes the ability of this dog to hunt mice and rats thanks to the use of its very skilled paws.

As a Rattler, the Pinscher foraged his food for himself, which, coupled with his stamina and work, made him highly regarded at the time.

The Shaggy Pinscher, now called “Schnauzer” and the German Smooth Pinscher were still considered a unique breed at that time, as the history of the Pinscher-Schnauzer Club founded in 1895 demonstrates. and the Pinscher are still part of the historic Club.

Only from the twentieth century the shaggy Schnauzer and the smooth-haired Pinscher, which until then could have been part of the same litter, were distinguished. In 1917 the shaggy Pinscher was officially named Schnauzer. At the same time, the dwarf Pinscher also separated from its larger relative. There was a decline in the popularity of the smooth-haired Pinscher compared to the Schnauzer and the miniature Pinscher also due to the beginning of industrialization and the disappearance of the farms, in which it used to live. With new motor cars gradually replacing horse-drawn carriages, the German Pinscher also disappeared more and more from the scene.

Fortunately, in the mid-1950s, the breeder Werner Jung began to take an interest in this nearly extinct breed and in 1958 he ventured into the Pinscher-Schnauzer Club a new breed of smooth-haired Pinscher. With the Pinscher Kitti vom Bodenstrand and the colossal dwarf Pinscher Jutta Jung, Illo Fischer, Fürst Jung and OnzoIllgen Jung ensured the survival of the German Pinscher. However, even today the German Pinscher is a rather rare breed. Although between 1998 and 2003, 160 to 220 puppies were born per year, in 2003 the German Pinscher was even included in the list of endangered animals.

Care and well-being

For dog lovers this was a sort of alarm signal and so after 2003 not only the number of new breeders increased, but also the number of puppies registered with the VDH (German Canine Society).

Since the German Pinscher has not been bred too intensively so far, it is a very healthy dog. Hereditary diseases related to the breed are not at all common in the smooth-coated Pinscher.

Only a check is required for the hip dysplasia in dogs, while checks for other diseases such as hereditary eye diseases (dyschromatopsia) or von Willebrand’s disease (haemorrhagic disease) are optional. Except for the Dog vaccinations and mandatory checkups, German Pinscher veterinary visits tend to be very rare.

Education and breeding of the German Pinscher

On the contrary, the need to move and the sometimes very stubborn character of the German Pinscher require a lot of effort. As a former guard and hunting dog, who used to worry about the house and the farm, the German Pinscher even today tends to be dominant.

So it is not very suitable for families with too young children, despite its being a playful one. It mainly needs an experienced and self-confident master, who takes command and relieves it of its original task of controlling strangers. The German Pinscher needs clear boundaries, from an educational point of view. To make them his own requires the ability to impose himself and, depending on the situation, also an energetic and vigorous intervention. However, force often has the opposite effect, in fact the dog must rather be able to share and understand the rules. In order to be accepted and recognized by your Pinscher as a pack leader, you must use all your intelligence, creativity and confidence.

For theeducation of a balanced dog who learns to relax and not to monitor everything that happens around him, it is also essential to subject him to a very intense training. The active and lively Pinscher is therefore the ideal dog for sporty people who want to move with their dog. Whether you ride a bike, skate, ride or jog, the German Pinscher will be a perfect companion for all kinds of sports. He will naturally also be delighted to practiceAgility for dogs and all other dog sports. The necessary mental stimulation can come from Mantrailing. With his captivating ways the Pinscher will always manage to convince his master to play sports with him, to play or to walk. After such an intense activity in the open air, the owner will have to dedicate himself, once at home, to an intensive session of pampering and cleaning the dog!

Those who want an intense dog-owner relationship both physically and mentally and love active dogs will find the ideal companion in the German Pinscher.

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