German Boxer: Origin | Breeds | Characteristics| Fun Facts | How To Care

German Boxer - zooplus Magazine for dogs

German Boxer: Origin | Breeds | Characteristics| Fun Facts | How To Care | Health – Stubborn but friendly, quiet but ready to snap in dangerous situations, the German Boxer is a dog breed with many contradictions that make it very versatile.


Today the German Boxer is appreciated above all as a family dog, but also makes his figure as a guard dog, rescue dog and as a sport dog. This good-natured and playful dog can also become a faithful playmate for children.

The Boxer skilfully performs any task entrusted to him. This is mainly due to the fact that it obeys very easily the commands that are given to it and consequently it is simple to train. Boxers are considered uncomplicated dogs, eager to learn, very well disposed towards humans and devoid of malice. Thanks to their calm and balanced character they are exceptionally suitable for the family. The Boxer is also at home in families with small children. His infinite patience, which he does not lose even in front of the wildest children, is truly remarkable. Older specimens of this breed also play and romp with children.

He shows himself affectionate and faithful to the family, he is attentive to what could disturb their calm and in case of emergency he would not hesitate to protect and defend it. He is wary of strangers he keeps his distance from. The courage he shows makes the Boxer a guard dog that does not fear comparison with other breeds of his group. However the Boxer never reacts by biting or nasty without a reason. If his master gives him an all-clear signal, he quickly lets himself be persuaded of the visitor’s good intentions and willingly makes friends with him.

Above all, it is his innate strong nerves and strong self-awareness that ensure that he is always well controlled and that the peculiarities of his character, which at first sight seem contradictory, come together in a harmonious overall picture.


The Boxer will win you over not only with its balanced character, but also with its unmistakable appearance: characteristic are the head with the angular skull and the wide mouth. Characteristic of the Boxer is also the so-called reverse bite, where the jaw exceeds the jaw so much that the swollen upper lip is supported by the fangs of the rather long jaw. The dark mask of the muzzle contrasts sharply with the color of the head. The FCI standards accept the fawn and brindle color variants in the Boxer. The fawn ranges, with different shades, from light fawn to dark deer red. In the brindle variety the dark or black stripes detach from the background color of the coat which is fawn. At most, white spots can cover a third of the body surface.

The smooth, short and close-fitting coat highlights the strong and muscular build of the Boxer. Despite his sturdy physique, the Boxer appears anything but awkward and slow. The lively movements that plastically highlight especially the muscular hind legs allow you to recognize the strength and grace of this dog. The body of the Boxer is square, that is, the height at the withers corresponds to the length. The sturdy round neck describes an elegant curve from the nape to the withers.

The tail and ears are now left natural. According to the FCI, cropped ears or tail are not to be considered as defects, although cutting for aesthetic reasons is of course not accepted. The natural ears are high and rest against the cheeks.

Finally, dark eyes with dark lids give the Boxer his characteristic energetic expression.


Direct descendants of the Bullenbeisser Mastiff, German Boxers have inherited much of their strength and energy. In the Middle Ages, Bullenbeisser dogs were widespread in numerous countries in the territory that today corresponds to Europe. These dogs were mainly bred to hunt the most fearsome prey, namely bears and wild boars. From the 16th to the 18th centuries, in England, these mighty dogs were trained for bull fighters: they used their wide jaws to bite prey until it fell to the ground. For breeding, which was usually up to the hunter in the past, mostly dogs were chosen that had a very wide muzzle with the nose up.

La descrizione di questi Bullenbeisser, che George Franz Deitrich from the Winckell fornisce nel suo “Manual for hunters, authorized hunters and hunting enthusiasts” (Handbook for hunters, hunters and hunters) from 1820 already recalls the appearance of the present Boxer: “a medium-sized dog breed, strong and courageous with a large and small head. It captures all the prey that come within range and is difficult to defeat. It is customary to cut its tail and ears before they reach 6 weeks of age. Because of their wickedness and wickedness they can become dangerous for humans and animals; for this reason in many countries it is not allowed to use them. “

So if the build and stature of the Bullenbeisser had a lot in common with the German Boxer, the behavior of the dog for the family so appreciated today has nothing more to do with that of the aggressive hound of the past. The mitigation of the character of the descendants is linked to the appearance of firearms, which meant that dogs were no longer indispensable for hunting and quickly limited their breeding. Thanks to the crossing with the Old English Bulldog at the end of the 19th century, an attempt was made to create a new breed that resembled that of the ancestor, but very different in character and use. In 1895 the first Boxer Club was founded in Monaco. The name of the Boxer derives from the name “Bierboxer” used in Monaco. Right from the start, the Munich breeders had in mind what their “Bierboxer” would look like: “a nice, elegant dog for the family, devoid of the squat appearance and the repulsive meanness of his ancestor. Basically this standard drawn up in 1905 by the Boxer Club is still valid today.

Race and health

The Munich-based Boxer Club is still responsible for the breed standard which is then taken over by the FCI. While the Boxer, which was officially recognized as a service dog in 1924, was initially bred primarily as a working dog, today it is only rarely used for this purpose. It is surprising how the members of the Boxer Club, despite this initial kennel intended for use, have always paid close attention to the evolution of the dog’s character and have never bred him for performance or beauty alone. Thus the Boxer has optimally developed his many positive character characteristics. This breed achieved worldwide fame in the 1930s when the cynologist Friederun Stockmann participated with her Boxer „vom Dom“ in numerous exhibitions and awards. With her Boxer Lustig vom Dom Stockmann she laid the foundations for the current breeding of the Boxer and made it one of the best known and most loved breeds in the world.

In addition to the first Munich Boxer Club, today there are numerous other associations of enthusiasts all over the world. In addition to national leagues and world championships, the national and local groups of these clubs regularly set up exhibitions and competitions. The parameters for the optimal breeding of the Boxer are however, today as yesterday, set by the Boxer Club of Monaco. Therefore only Boxers are accepted in the breed, which fully meet the requirements of the breed standard. In addition to appearance and health, character and physical fitness are also taken into consideration.

The controls are mainly used to prevent hereditary diseases. Unfortunately, Boxers tend to be prone to certain conditions such as deformation of the joints, hip dysplasia (HD), osteoarthritis or spondylosis. Tumors or heart disease also appear frequently. When carrying out the health analysis of purebred dogs, not only the parents, but also the siblings, half-siblings, grandparents, uncles and aunts must pass through the microscope. We must proceed with caution especially with Boxers which are sold by not very serious breeders as “bargains”. To avoid exorbitant veterinary expenses and the premature death of the dog, the buyer should inform himself in time about the breeder and his professionalism. Membership in the Boxer Club and the presence of genealogical tables certified with the emblem of VDH and FCI are indications of a serious breeding, in which the breeder ensures a lot of commitment and a lot of work. Most of the 12,000 members of the Boxer Club keep their Boxers in the family.

How the Boxer should be fed

In our pet shop you will find a large selection of croquettes for boxers. If you want to give him some wet food instead, you can choose from a wide selection of brands including Trainer Natural and Schesir.

Breeding and education of the Boxer

The Boxer is considered an uncomplicated and friendly animal, which willingly submits to the owner, but for all these positive characteristics to emerge, a good and constant education is necessary. His character willing to learn and his docile obedience make him a very pleasant student, whose training will quickly bear fruit. It is also very important for the Boxer that his “educator” always treats him in a calm and relaxed manner. In case of constriction or even violence the Boxer can also show his stubborn and obstinate side. If, on the other hand, the dog feels comfortable, he will always be loyal to the family and will very willingly follow the rules imposed by his owner. For the well-being of the Boxer it is necessary that the owner makes him practice a lot of sport: he is an agile dog who loves to move, take long walks with the family and accompany his sporting master during the Canicross or nature walks. When the movement in the open air is also accompanied by many games, who stops it anymore ?! Also older dogs are always ready to get excited about balls, sticks, games with squeak or chewing ropes. It is therefore not surprising that the Boxer gets along so well with children, sharing with them the cheerful and serene character as well as an irrepressible play instinct. Therefore the Boxer is the right dog for families with many children. Especially in families with small children, where the environment is normally very turbulent, thanks to his strong nerves the Boxer always remains balanced and friendly. At most some problems could arise with younger Boxers, who, with their exuberance, could scare children (or their parents). The puppies’ desire to play is still limited and sometimes they react a bit impetuously. For Boxers to learn to treat children (and adults) with caution, constant education is important right from the start – only then does the dog learn to respect certain rules and limits when dealing with humans. However, this does not mean that the adult dog who has not received this type of education from an early age can no longer learn. If you are interested in adopting one from the kennel, it is worth spending a couple of hours at a dog school.

Due to his constant desire to learn and his obedient disposition, the Boxer is also suitable for those who adopt a dog for the first time, even if being a neophyte does not necessarily mean being uninformed. So if the Boxer is your first dog, it is right that you acquire, in addition to the usual information on the breed, some knowledge on the educational rules and training exercises, which will entertain him dog and certainly will also make you a close and inseparable couple. .

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