Feline Plague ( Panleukopenia or plague ) – Plague is a viral disease that has a severe form of leaking, not infrequently fatal. Plague is transmitted through contact with a sick animal or through contacting objects. Little kittens and young cats, as well as sick representatives, are more prone to disease.
It is worth checking the health of the pet if it was taken from the nursery, the streets or purchased on a spontaneous market, but you should not treat it all at once. After all, the distemper in cats does not manifest symptoms immediately, but when keeping a large number of animals the risk of the disease increases several times.
Definition of ailment
Feline plague or panleukopenia is a viral disease that is a highly infectious disease. The main symptom in the body is the reduction of leukocytes in the blood. A distemper in a kitten often manifests as a parvovirus infection, fever, enteritis, laryngotracheitis or agranulocytosis. The resistance of the virus allows it to retain pathogenic properties for a long time. The treatment of the disease must be professional.
Panleukopenia: features and symptoms
The course of the disease and the clinical symptoms are quite severe, and there are lethal outcomes of the disease. Treatment and its result is almost entirely dependent on timely treatment at a veterinary clinic.
The distemper manifests itself after 3-12 days of the incubation period after contact with a sick animal.
A pregnant cat can infect kittens in utero. In consequence, the virus can persist in the body for a year, but at the same time standing out with saliva, faeces. An animal that has overcome a disease gains lifelong immunity.
The first wave of symptoms
The distemper begins to manifest itself after 3-12 days of the incubation period after contact with a sick feline representative. Treatment depends on the symptoms and the intensity of their manifestation. As a rule, the cat refuses to accept water and food. Gradually, the temperature rises to 41 ° C and above, begins a feverish state. The cat almost stops moving.
Second wave of symptoms
Symptoms of the second wave are manifested by vomiting and watery diarrhea. There is a rapid dehydration due to the rejection of food and water. This condition is accompanied by pain in the stomach and intestines, as well as lymph nodes in the abdominal region.
Symptoms and features of manifestation
Symptoms of the disease may be more acute or smoothed. It all depends on the cat breed, its body, immunity, age, previous operations and diseases Chumka manifests itself in unusual behavior: the cat hides in dark cool places.
Older cats may have edema of two lungs, which causes moist rales. Also characterized by the appearance of cramps. You can not carry out the treatment yourself. After all, the life of your pet depends on the operational assistance of specialists.
Plague and its diagnosis
Diagnosis of distemper spend comprehensively:
- analysis of contact with sick animals;
- the presence or absence of vaccinations;
- clinical symptoms of the disease;
- blood test (virological study, analysis of white blood cell count).
If you watch your cat closely, changing its behavior requires measuring the temperature. At elevated temperatures, the best way to verify its causes will be to contact a specialist.
Prevention and treatment – Panleukopenia or plague
Panleukopenia or plague is well studied by science, which has long invented ways to prevent the disease. It is possible to inoculate a cat with both poly and monovalent vaccines.
The first vaccination is recommended for kittens aged 6-8 weeks old. After the first vaccination in the period of 21-28 days, it is necessary to carry out revaccination. To maintain artificial immunity to the disease, vaccination is carried out annually.
The first vaccination is required for kittens 6-8 weeks old. For immunity to the disease, vaccination is carried out annually.
Because of the possible death of the plague, it is necessary to treat the cat representative under the supervision of a veterinarian. Panleukopenia is a complex disease that requires complex treatment. It includes etiropic drugs, symptomatic therapy. Panleukopenia virus is affected by antiviral drugs. Fosprenil, enterostat and Vitafel have proven themselves well.
As a rule, drugs are administered intravenously or subcutaneously. Also, therapy involves the restoration of water-electrolyte and acid balance of the body. In parallel, it is necessary to treat intestinal microflora and stomach, as well as to remove intoxication. The treatment should concern both the main manifestations of the distemper and the provision of toxin elimination, the destruction of bacterial microflora.