In general, it is not recommended to vaccinate a pregnant dog. Keep in mind that it is necessary to talk in advance with your veterinarian about when to vaccinate a pet that you plan to reproduce. Proper planning is essential to help keep your pet and the future litter safe.
Duration of pregnancy in dogs
Pregnancy or canine pregnancy lasts approximately 61 to 65 days. In other words, the duration of pregnancy is approximately two months.
How and when vaccines work
Vaccines protect animals by stimulating the body to produce antibodies to fight disease. Vaccines take about a week to a month to effectively stimulate the body and produce protective antibodies. The answer depends on several factors, including the age of the animals and the previous history of vaccines.
Antibodies pass through breast milk. A well vaccinated mother will provide protection to her newborns through colostrum (first milk). The mother’s antibodies are also shared in placental breeding.
Definition of vaccines
Vaccination is a way of “teaching” the immune system to recognize and eliminate a pathogenic microorganism that causes a disease. That way, the body is prepared if you are ever exposed to the causative agent of the infection. Vaccines are an important form of primary prevention and have allowed the control of diseases that once threatened many lives.
How does vaccination work?
Naturally, a healthy immune system defends the body against invading germs.. It is common that, after suffering from an infectious disease, the body acquires a natural resistance or immunity to reinfection. This happens because of the ‘memory’ of immune cells.
Vaccination makes use of this natural system, for which it teaches the body to recognize and resist new diseases. Stimulates the body to produce antibodies against pathogens. It also prepares immune cells to remember the types of antigens – the portions of the pathogen – that cause infection. That allows a protective response to the disease in the future.
Types of vaccines
In general, a vaccine contains a safe version of the agent that causes a disease. This can take the form of:
- A protein or sugar That is part of the pathogen.
- The pathogen already dead or inactivated
- A toxoid, which is an attenuated version of a toxin produced by a pathogen.
- The live attenuated pathogen, which is not capable of producing the disease.
When the body responds to the vaccine, it generates an adaptive immune response. This helps equip the body to fight a real infection.
Vaccinate a dog during pregnancy
The first half of pregnancy is the most vulnerable time for fetal development. Vaccines that use the live attenuated pathogen generally They are not considered safe at any time during pregnancy.
Vaccines for dead pathogens, such as rabies vaccines, can be given during pregnancy, especially during the second half of pregnancy, but are not recommended. There may be situations in which vaccination is advised to protect the mother’s health. Your veterinarian can help you and guide you in that choice, if necessary.
Vaccinate a dog during breastfeeding
While vaccinating a nursing animal mother with a vaccine that uses the dead pathogen will not harm the offspring, it will not protect them. It is necessary to take into account the time that the body needs to create the protection response. Additionally, it is necessary to keep in mind that the response to vaccination can lead to discomfort and unwanted reactions.
Side effects of vaccination: inconvenience to vaccinate a pregnant dog
There may be pain, redness or swelling, as well as joint pain, at the site of injection, muscle weakness, low to high fever, sleep disorders or fatigue.
The addition of immunostimulatory adjuvants to dead pathogen vaccines is commonly used.. This results in a much greater risk of an allergic reaction or reaction at the injection site.
If the reaction is carried too far, the result may be anaphylaxis or severe inflammatory reactions at the injection site.
Advance planning for the best protection
The safest way to vaccinate animals and offer optimal protection for offspring is vaccinate the mother several weeks before of it being fertilized.
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