Black book animals – Photo | | names | Description | Reasons | History – The extinction of species is not new to the planet, but species are now dying out at an alarming rate thanks to humans. Currently, according to the Center for Biological Diversity, we lose dozens of animal species daily. We bring to your attention a list of animals listed in the Black Book.
Black book animals
Most people only know about the Red Book, which records endangered species of animals and plants that are protected by law. However, there is another, no less sad book – the Black Book of extinct animals, it lists all the animals and plants that have disappeared from our planet since 1500.
Unlike past mass extinctions caused by events such as asteroid impacts, volcanic eruptions and natural climate changes, the current crisis is almost entirely caused by us humans. In fact, 99 percent of endangered species are at risk from human activities.
West African Black Rhino
The West African black rhino (Diceros bicornis longipes) was a subspecies of the black rhino; it was declared extinct in 2011. The last time a subspecies existed in Cameroon, but an extensive study in 2006 found no evidence of living West African black rhinos. It is likely that this subspecies has disappeared due to increased poaching and demand for rhino horn.
The Iberian Capricorn (Capra pyrenaica pyrenaica) was a subspecies of the Iberian wild goat, which became extinct in 2000. Once found in the French, Spanish and Andorran Pyrenees, the population was severely depleted by hunting. In 2009, scientists were able to clone a female Iberian goat using DNA from preserved skin samples. According to further information, due to lung defects, Capricorn died shortly after birth.
The traditional habitat of the birds was the large forests of eastern North America. When the settlers cleared the forests for agricultural land, the pigeons used their fields for their food. Because of this, people shot birds and used them as a source of meat. The 19th century brought widespread hunting and trapping of birds, which significantly reduced their population. The last wandering dove named Marta died at the age of 29 at the Cincinnati Zoo in 1914.
Quagga (Equus quagga ssp. Quagga) was a subspecies of the zebra of the plain plain and a native of South Africa. Quagga was known for its unique stripes, so it was hunted for skins. The last known Quagga died at the Amsterdam Zoo in 1883.
Caribbean Monk Seal
The last time it was spotted was in the early 1950s, and in 2008, after a five-year review of the National Marine Fisheries Service, it was declared extinct. According to NOAA, European researchers hunted seals, who began to arrive from the end of the 15th century. They were later used by fishermen and whalers to eat in the form of meat and fat.
Sea mink (Neovison macrodon) once lived along the coast of New Brunswick, but people really appreciated it for its fur. They hunted a lot of animals, which led to its extinction in the second half of the 19th century.
Tilacins (Thylacinus cynocephalus), known as Tasmanian tigers, were the largest modern carnivorous marsupial. They once existed on the Australian continent, but by the time European settlers arrived, their habitat was reduced to the island of Tasmania. It was believed that tilacins killed livestock, so they were often shot and caught. Tilacins were declared a protected species in 1936, in the same year the last known specimen died. Unconfirmed observations of Tasmanian tigers continue to this day.
Pupa Tecopa (Cyprinodon nevadensis calidae) was originally from the Mojave Desert in California and could survive in such warm waters, with temperatures over 42 ° C. Human development around the Tecopa hot springs in the mid-20th century and the fusion of the two springs left the habitat unsuitable for small fish. The Tecopa doll died out by 1970 or shortly after.
According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature, the Javan tiger (Panthera tigris ssp. Sondaica) was a subspecies of the tiger, which probably died out in the mid-1970s. Hunting and loss of forest habitat led to their extinction. Although the tiger was last seen in 1976, the head of the Meru Betiri National Park in East Java announced in 2011 that he was “optimistic that Javanese tigers are still alive.”
The wingless shag (Pinguinus impennis) was a flightless coastal bird that raised rocky islands around the North Atlantic, including in Canada, Greenland, Iceland, the British Isles and Scandinavia. According to the British Museum of Natural History, they were crammed in huge numbers until the end of the 18th century. Although hunting declined, rare birds became a valuable specimen for collectors, and by the mid-1850s they had completely died out.