Abscess in you cats face ? – Between diseases more common in cats, the skin abscesses: it’s about a bacterial infection of feline skin which varies in severity according to different factors like the extension, the bacteria and the point involved.
In some cases, they may have been caused by one wound which, by closing, has retained the bacteria and causes the abscess, such as in the case of the bite or scratch of another cat, or wounds caused by twigs or thorns. Obviously for treat the abscess requires the intervention of veterinary who will evaluate the severity of the abscess, the size of which is to be connected to the tension of the skin, the dead space, the pathogen involved and the time in which the owner noticed the abscess ,.
Sometimes abscesses tend to be repeat offenders due to various factors like aggressive pathogens, break of the antibiotic therapy or presence of foreign bodies in the wound.
SINTOMI- In most cases, abscesses occur in some recurrent and more exposed areas such as around the limbs and wing face, but also on the back and at the base of the tail. The symptoms that are found vary according to their location: it is mostly swelling with no signs of being unwell. Depending on the extent of the infection, cases of high fever, anorexia, dulling of the sensory and increase in the volume of regional lymph nodes may occur.
The abscess looks like a hot and painful swelling and as it matures, with the increase of pus inside, it becomes soft in the center. According to experts, the types of bacteria involved can be identified based on the smell of purulent drain. The abscess tends to open outwards, causing pus mixed with blood to escape and causing a drop in fever in the animal.
In the event that an abscess does not break and extends subcutaneously along the animal’s body (i.e. a phase that is called phlegmon), there could be a risk of septicemia.
THERAPY- As mentioned above there are a variety of abscesses that must be treated according to various factors such as bacteria, the area involved or their extension. In any case, an abscess must be treated with antibiotic therapy and local disinfection.
There antibiotic therapy which can be through injections or orally it is administered according to the type of bacterium involved or in most cases the broad spectrum one is applied, as the antibiogram has a 15-day response. This is why blood tests and the antibiogram for therapy with a more targeted antibiotic are performed only in case of recurrence or non-responsiveness of the therapy.
Local disinfection– As soon as the abscess has opened, it is good to disinfect the wound with hydrogen peroxide, betadine or iodine tincture, also based on the location of the abscess that is not within the cat’s reach. That is, if the abscess is on the chest it is better to avoid the local disinfectant. The part around the abscess should normally be shaved to prevent the hair from irritating the wound.
In some cases it may be necessary a surgical operation: it is a drainage surgical procedure that is arranged in case of extensive and mature abscesses. Sometimes the wound may not be stitched up to help the pus escape and drain the abscess.