Allergic dermatitis in dogs or canine atopic dermatitis is an inflammatory disease that causes a lot of itching. It is influenced by genetics. Today, about 10% of dogs suffer and the number is increasing. Similarly, it happens with humans.
It has been shown that, to a large extent,Allergic dermatitis in dogs is associated with an increase in immunoglobulins E (IgE), compared to contact with environmental allergensOf different nature. However, there are other immune factors that may be related. In addition, this type of dermatitis is characterized by the appearance of many secondary ailments. Therefore, there are different treatments for allergic dermatitis in dogs.
Treatment for infections
One of the problems of allergic dermatitis in dogs is secondary infections that appear on damaged skin. On the skin there is a bacterial flora necessary to maintain the general health of the organism.When the tissue is damaged, some harmful microorganisms proliferate that can cause serious skin infections, such as staphylococci and a fungus calledMalassezia.
These types of infections are treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics, whether oral or topical. In addition, to combat fungi, the application of antifungal treatments is necessary.
Treatment of allergic dermatitis in dogs by flea bites
Many dogs that suffer from atopic dermatitis have a greater predisposition to allergic dermatitis to flea bites. In these cases,the first thing that should be done is to completely eliminate the parasiteand also use a good repellent to prevent the animal from having another episode.
Many times,The allergen can be a food or an ingredient in dog food.In this case, an elimination diet must be carried out; This way we can determine what the dog is allergic to.
On the other hand,There are hypoallergenic feeds that come in handy in these situations.However, in most cases, these allergies result from the use of highly processed foods, such as feedstuffs that may also include ingredients that do not have to be specified. Thus,A elimination diet using 100% natural products is better.
Keratoseborrhea is a process of keratinization and subsequent desquamation of the skin, accompanied by an excess of sebum secretion, due to the plugging of the sebaceous glands.This is a common symptom in allergic dermatitis in dogs, especially in chronic patients.The treatment in these cases is based on the use of oral fatty acid supplements. In addition, specific shampoos can be used.
Treatment of otitis externa
Otitis externa is one of the most important secondary diseases during allergic dermatitis in dogs.It usually presents as an inflammation of the external auditory canal and the pavilion.Also, bacterial and fungal infections appear. In addition, excess secretions that chronify otitis may occur.
Specific treatments of allergic dermatitis in dogs
First, the ideal would be to prevent the dog from having contact with any substance that causes allergy.To do this, an intradermal test must be performed to see what the dog’s skin reacts to..Usually, dogs are allergic to dust mites, so cleaning the home with acaricidal vacuums is recommended, as well as avoiding having tissues that attract these animals.
On the other hand,there is specific immunotherapy. They are drugs that mediate the body’s immune response, control T lymphocytes and E immunoglobulins, among others.
Use of glucocorticoids for allergic dermatitis in dogs
Corticosteroids are very effective drugs to eliminate the annoying symptoms of canine atopic dermatitis.However, they do not cure the disease: they only mask it. In this way, the dog will not suffer from itching and swelling of the skin, which will prevent the appearance of secondary pathologies.However, these drugs cannot be used forever and alternative therapies should be sought.