Quail Egg Incubator – DYI or Hatching quail eggs at your home. Breeding quail in an incubator is considered one of the most promising sectors of the poultry industry. Birds’ eggs ripen quickly and the quails are unpretentious in their care and have an exceptional meat taste.
The retreat of this bird is characterized by the fact that quail incubation at home is possible only if it is an incubator. This breed began relatively recently to grow about 50 years ago, but now has a special role of quails in modern agriculture.
Quails are unpretentious in content, so they can be successfully grown in any condition, not in a specially equipped room.
Quail embryos are stable and survive even with a slight temperature deviation. It is important not only to buy an incubator for good reproducibility and healthy off-spring but also to know how to create the best conditions for it.
The truth is that hatching hatchlings lose their natural instincts and cannot hatch. Incubators can be used for small farming and home use. Weighing only 6-8 grams, the young growth has an incubation time of 70%. The high survival rate and large offspring make quails one of the best domestic birds for hatching at home.
How to choose quail eggs?
There are several important criteria to consider before incubation. Hatching eggs should be selected and parameters should be considered.
- Egg mass
• 10 -15 grams, if the bird goes for breeding,
• 8 – 13 grams if used for bird meat.
- The surface of the shell. The eggs should be smooth, with little dark spots on the medium pigmentation surface, not too dark. There should be no protrusions, cracks, mildew or cavities on the surface. It is desirable that the surface is dull without being too bright.
- Egg shape Slightly extended, slightly upward. It is desirable that all eggs in the incubator should be the same size and have a diameter of about 2 – 2.5 cm.
Egg selection criteria
Before putting the quail eggs in the incubator, you should display them with a special device – the ovoscope.
If not, you can use a normal flashlight to illuminate the contents of the egg. It is important to carefully review the egg and identify any deficiencies.
It is necessary to assess the location of the yellow, the air chamber, the formation of blood or the mixing of the protein with the egg yolk – such eggs are not suitable for incubation, they do not do anything.
Quail eggs for hatching are taken from females from 2 months onwards. In women older than one year, eggs are not suitable for breeding. Medium size eggs are taken for reproduction. Small or large children may have various disorders that ensure the successful reproduction of healthy offspring.
The quail must first prepare the eggs accordingly. The deadline for storage of hatching eggs is 10 days, after which the visibility of the contents decreases and it is difficult to determine whether a healthy egg is present. You should also pay attention to the shelf life before putting different quail breeds:
- Plain and Japanese – 17 days,
- Californian – 22 days,
- Virgin – 23 – 24 days.
In incubation, it is best to take eggs, which are laid, only 2-3 days of chicken. The choice of quail eggs is important for obtaining healthy young animals, so it is important to give them enough time.
What to do before going to bed?
To catch a healthy and live fledgling, the egg must be no more than 10 days old and kept at 10-15 ° C. Quail eggs The most important step of the quail is preparation for incubation. The percentage of young animals depends on preparation. It is important not to keep the eggs at room temperature for incubation. So they can break down quickly.
Selection and disinfection of quail eggs are necessary to increase the chances of survival of chicks. Before you put them in the incubator, you should wash the shells thoroughly and it is better to use disinfectants. The quail eggs are laid in the incubator only after disinfection. You can use different methods for this:
- Disinfection with chemicals to remove garbage residues and bacteria. You can use “Brovadez-plus” or “Ecocide” to do this.
- Use an ultraviolet radiation lamp. The method of quartz treatment is to irradiate the shells for 5-8 minutes before incubation at a distance of 40 cm from the surface.
- Wash the shell with potassium permanganate. We should make a weak solution of potassium permanganate and gently wash the shell trying not to damage its integrity.
Quail eggs can only be poured into the incubator when disinfected. It can also be treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate that will destroy all pathogen bacteria and pathogens. It is then recommended to set a high level of humidity and temperature to warm the device for several hours before placing the eggs there.
How to lay quail eggs?
There are several ways to place eggs in trays: horizontal and vertical. The first method involves horizontal rounding in which they are rounded from one side to the other. In vertical masonry, the capacity of the quantity is less, but the ripening percentage is higher.
Incubators with vertical tabs have no automatic pulse mode. If there is no tray in the kit, you can do it yourself. The quail eggs should be placed in the incubator with a blind tip and tilted 45 degrees. In this position, the embryo will be formed in a comfortable position.
Incubating horizontally requires egg laying on the grill. You should pay attention to one side to avoid being surprised.
There is almost no significant difference between bookmarking methods, or rather, but not significant.
The vertical nail has less capacity, but the percentage of hatching chicks is higher, while the horizontal nail can fit into a larger number, but their output is less.
If we talk about the results, 200 spawnings vertical laying with 170 quail and 190 vertical methods can get 150 – 160 chicks.
It is better to spray the shell with water once or twice a day so that there is sufficient moisture for the development of the embryo. A quail-free incubation of a quail does not give a high percentage of offspring, because the egg yolk in a position may stick to the shell and the embryo cannot develop.
It is recommended to rotate at least twice a day to prevent the yolk from sticking to the shell.
Temperature in incubator
To check the temperature in the incubator, you must place a thermometer in the alcohol inside the incubator, even if it contains a thermostat. This is necessary to control the temperature with the accuracy of one tenth percent. You must heat the camera before you put a mortgage. The temperature should not exceed 38.2 ° С. At this temperature, it is necessary to heat the room for two hours and then lower it to 37.6 ° C.
It is important to determine the correct temperature regimen in the room, as it depends on whether the chicks hatch in a healthy way or the temperature at which the embryos are killed. At low temperatures, the embryo will not normally form and the result may be delayed for 1-2 days.
In the first week, it is recommended to keep the bookmark at 37.8 ° C. Humidity should not exceed 50-55%. You must turn the eggs 3-4 times a day. About ventilation – read following (after table).
In the second week, you should leave the temperature the same as the first. The humidity level should be reduced to 45-50%. Turning masonry needs every 5 hours. You can cool the masonry twice a day for 20 minutes.
In the third week you need to reduce the temperature. The temperature should not be below 37.4 ° C and the humidity should be increased to 60-65%. Eggs do not need to be cooled or rotated, as embryos are already formed and embryos may stick to the shell.
You need to ventilate the camera and spray the walls every day. At the end of the third week the first chicks should appear. If some eggs have hatched, you can leave them in the incubator for 1-2 days, if not others.
Ventilation and moisture in the quail egg incubator
It is important to maintain the necessary humidity in the room, otherwise the eggs will dry out. At low humidity, embryos may adhere to the shell. If there is not enough moisture, the shell itself hardens and the chicks are difficult to get out. The incubator has a capacity for water inflow. Depending on the volume and flow rate, it is important to fill the water regularly. One of the most important moments is water choice. Incubation requires boiled or distilled water.
Each incubator has a ventilation system. However, even with artificial ventilation, it is necessary to open the door of the room and allow the tower to be ventilated for 5-10 minutes. It is provided in nature and every chicken can eat and drink water. There is no need to ventilate the first two days of incubation. You need to ventilate the bookmark for 3-4 days, including the ventilation system.
When viewing the eggs from the ovoscope, it is clear that the yellow is separated from the protein. From the first days of life, egg quails are clearly visible. The germ begins to form from the first week of incubation. Whether he’s alive or not will be determined immediately. If the center was dark and there was a slight border around it, the embryo died.
In the second week, an advanced capillary network is seen. If the vascular system is not visible in the second week, the embryo is dead. In the third week, the embryo should be completely dark when viewed with an ovoscope.
When the quail hatched, what incubation day?
From the 16th incubation day, the first fry begins to appear. Not all chicks need to appear on the same day. They may still appear for 17-20 days. It is not necessary to remove them immediately from the incubator. You have to let them dry and get used to the environment.
One hour is enough, and then they can pull out. Independent chicks hatch, so you need to look after them and prepare food and water.
The first offspring weighing up to 8 grams, but they are already in the gun, they can eat and drink water. From the second week on, chicks start to increase in weight and turn into adults.
Refreshes common mistakes
It is not always possible to obtain a healthy offspring with a high survival rate from the first time on. There can be several reasons why a breeder does not work.
- Not enough food. During the incubation process, the embryos do not have enough moisture, so the protein does not feed and dry. This leads to the fact that the embryo is dead. It is important to pay attention to the diet of the chicken, so that it has enough vitamins and trace elements and was able to withstand a healthy egg, and from it came strong offspring.
- Disruption of incubation. A common cause of failure to obtain healthy pups is the wrong temperature and low humidity in the room. Violation of these important criteria leads to the fact that embryos die or do not have time to occur.
- Poor ventilation. Although most modern incubators are equipped with a ventilation system, it is important to remember to open the door and allow fresh air to enter.
- Turning the eggs. If it is wrong to open a bookmark or rarely do so, the germ may stick to the shell and die. In addition, the protein cannot be fully utilized, which is the cause of the death of young people.
In order to avoid errors, it is necessary to recognize the function of the incubator and to consider all recommendations for quail removal. Incubation of quails is a difficult process that requires patience, so it is important to follow all the rules and reproduction modes and then you can get excellent results.
After understanding the theory of quail in artificial conditions, you can start the incubation process. The success of the process will depend on the nutrition of adults, the quality of the incubation raw materials and the implementation of all recommendations for storage and breeding quail by the poultry breeder.
Stage 4: 14-18 days
From the 14th day of the egg, if placed vertically, if placed horizontally, the impact is closed. Moisture is increased to 75% again, the inner shell of the egg should be softened. If it is dry, the diaper can not come out and die!
In foam incubators (such as “Cinderella”, “Laying”, etc.), the temperature decreases to 37.2-37.4 ° C from the second week, because overheating may occur due to defects in the structure as the embryos begin to actively release heat. On models equipped with high-precision thermostats (R-Com, Brinsea, etc.), you cannot touch the Heating settings.
The incubation period for quails is 16 days, which is almost one hour per hour. This means that if you put a bookmark in the early morning, if it’s closer to dinner on day 16, the chicks will hatch.
For example, if you put an incubator egg on Thursday, June 15, 2017 at 13:00, the first batch will be ready for transfer to a brooder on Saturday, July 1 at 19:00. The second wave will come for Sunday morning, third – evenings and the last one for Monday morning.
The incubator makes sense to continue working for three days after the first quail.
A few additional suggestions for quail egg hatching will help beginners get consistently positive results.
- Generally, do not open the lid of the incubator “just to see how things work”. Even for a few seconds, the moisture in it is reduced.
- Additional calcium evaporation during soaking makes the shell difficult. Therefore, it is better to use as soft or boiled water for wetting.
- Newly hatched chicks should be removed more than once in 3-4 hours. Babies need to dry, so that the hair dries properly. It is then useful to sprinkle warm water from the spray gun to the walls of the incubator to recover the moisture inside.
- Japanese, Estonian and other egg-bearing breeds at home are the least demanding for hatching conditions. Broiler Texas quails are more capricious and require full compliance with all parameters from the table at the beginning of the article.
- It’s convenient to create reminders on your phone or computer that won’t let you miss important points: 10 and 15 days.
Criteria for selecting quail eggs for incubation
The average hatching quail during artificial incubation is 70%.
There are many factors affecting the hatching results, including quality of the eggs (weight, shape, age of female and male aging), ventilation, pressure, temperature, humidity in the hatching, the density of planting eggs.
The quality of the eggs for hatching largely depends on the contents of the offspring, the feeding of men and women, the age of the parents, and the proportion of the sexes in the main branches.
In order to obtain hatching eggs, it is rational to include the so-called hatching animals (or herd).
Tribal males should be selected from other flocks, as these birds are very susceptible to mating. With “closely related” mating, productivity is reduced to 50% and mortality of young animals is significantly increased.
Females are selected for fertilization at 2 to 8 months of age. In the future, egg production is preserved, but the percentage of fertilized eggs is reduced, so that eggs of women older than eight months are better used as food.
The highest performance of men lasts for three months (from two months), after which young people are asked to change.
The brood is formed by the principle of three to four females per male. These figures are most appropriate because if the number of women in each male is greater, the fertility rate of the eggs is significantly reduced, and consequently the overall inference.
Free matching also does not have the highest rates.
Optimum quail egg weight for incubation
To grow quail meat (for example, the Pharaoh breed) should choose eggs weighing 12-16 grams and for the breeding of quail producers (egg direction) – 9-11 grams.
The eggs are larger, the smaller ones giving the worst results during incubation and at a young age. Large eggs can have two egg yolks and, as a rule, quails hatch from smaller eggs.
The right quail egg form for incubation
Do not incubate eggs too small or too large. Eggs must be selected regular, ovoid, not very elongated. A large number of calcareous growths are not allowed on the shell. The shell should be with a little pigmentation, not a very dark color. Hatching eggs should not be dirty, as they begin to deteriorate, as a result
If the required number of clean eggs is not present when placed in the incubator, the dirty ones can be cleaned with a 3% potassium permanganate solution and allowed to dry.
You can evaluate the quality of the quail eggs of an incubator with the help of an otoscope. This is a kind of x-ray that gives quails more detailed information. With it, you can make it suitable for incubation without hatching. This group includes:
Presence of various stains in protein and egg yolk,
There are small cracks in the shell.
if the yolk is stuck to the shell or has fallen to the sharp end,
If the air chambers are visible on the sharp end or side of the egg.
Eggs should be stored at 18 ° C. For successful incubation, you should not store eggs for human consumption for more than seven days, although eggs can be stored for approximately three months.
If the eggs are stored for about ten days, the hatching percentage will not exceed 50% before they are placed in the incubator. It is not appropriate to collect the required amount over a longer period of time because the main part of the embryos is already destroyed in the egg and the hatching rate decreases rapidly each day.
However, there are some producers that can boast breeding chicks from normal quail eggs purchased from food shops.
In addition to the inference, it cannot be denied that the viability of the young stock, as well as the quality and usefulness of the hatchery population nutrition, are very dependent. The composition of the eggs, the further formation, and growth of the embryos, the viability of the young, the nutritional value of the feed fed to the baby animals. Embryonic development, as a result of closely related pairings, caused the lack of green bait and ultraviolet radiation and the lack of motor activity of captive birds.
Quail eggs hatching regimes – hatchery features
If you find information on the Internet that quail reproducibility is 100%, do not believe in such resources.
Even under ideal conditions of detention, such information is very simple to prove. The fertility level of quail eggs is not more than 80-85%, and this is an indisputable fact of the biological activity of quails.
As a result of artificial incubation rarely exceeds 70-80% barrier. These results are affected by these factors, in addition to the above reasons:
The incubator can be of different designs and types, the main thing is that it can be serviced, well insulated and equipped with a thermostat. It is desirable that the eggs include the automatic rotation function, but there is nothing terrible, otherwise, it is not difficult to do it yourself.
If you strictly adhere to the required fashion, embryonic development will be good.
Incubator Preparation – Required Nuances
The incubator itself must be prepared before laying, this is done primarily to prevent diseases. To do this, rinse with clean, warm water and then disinfect with a quartz lamp or formaldehyde vapor, and then dry thoroughly.
it is also recommended to allow the incubator to warm for 2-3 hours. In advance, it is necessary to configure and ensure that it is in good condition.
How to lay quail eggs in the incubator?
There are two ways to put quail eggs in the incubator: vertical and horizontal.
The reproducibility percentage is approximately equal to these two bookmark methods. During rolls, the eggs in the upright position are slightly bent (30-40 ° C) and the horizontal ones are rolled from side to side.
The horizontal nail allows you to put more eggs into the incubator and the vertical – less.
It does not make sense to define the horizontal tab in detail, it is enough to spread the eggs to the network. However, there are some nuances with vertical flooring.
First, you need to prepare bookmarked trays, because the eggs simply can not be put. If there are no trays in the incubator, it can be made from normal plastic trays for twenty quail eggs.
In each cell, drill a hole of three millimeters (it is very easy to make a hot nail), then place the pointed eggs, otherwise, if you do, it will deteriorate the hatchability.
It is up to you how the eggs are laid in the incubator, of course, unless this feature is specified in the instructions of the incubator. They all depend on the size and type of the incubator, the presence or absence of the turning mechanism.
Different temperatures at different times for quail hatching
The whole quail incubation time can be divided into three stages: I – warming time, II – main, III – delivery time. Below, we will deal with each of them in more detail.
- Number of days: 1-3 days
- temperature: 37.5 to 38.5 ° C
- Humidity: 60-70%
- Flipping: No need
- Ventilation: No need
- Number of days: 3-15 days
- temperature: 37.7 ° C
- Humidity: 60-70%
- Curse: 3 to 6 times a day
- Ventilation: Yes
- Number of days: 15-17 days
- temperature: 37.5 ° C
- Humidity: 80 -90%
- Flipping: No need
- Ventilation: Yes
The first period of incubation – warming
The duration of this period is the first three days. The temperature at this time in the incubator should not be below the mark of 37.5 ° C, a maximum of 38.5 ° C is allowed
Initially, the incubator warms up slowly, this happens after releasing the cold egg. Wait for the eggs to be completely warm, but it is not recommended to do this before to arrange the thermoregulator.
It is very necessary to keep an eye on the temperature during this period . If you put 38.5 ° С in the regulator in the first hours, and if the temperature rises to 42 ° С after some time, the real issue is that such jump should be noticed in time by poultry farmers and adjusted according to time.
These moments depend entirely on the selected incubator. Based on this, in the initial stages, adjust the temperature set during the egg-free test of the incubator. At this stage, there is no need to ventilate and turn eggs.
The second or main stage of the incubation stage of the quail egg
The beginning of the second incubation step falls on the third-fourth day, lasting until the fifteenth day. At this stage, it is envisaged that the eggs should be rotated, sprayed and ventilated regularly (if the incubator does not have such an automatic function, you must do everything manually).
Experienced poultry farmers turn the eggs three to six times a day, which suggests the second stage of the hatching process. Of course, if the incubator has an automatic function to turn the eggs, it will be easy to do, and if not, this frequency will cause you to live next to the incubator.
It is not possible to refer to the inversion process negatively because it is necessary to prevent the embryo from sticking to the shell and not dying later.
It is necessary to ensure that the temperature does not exceed the 37.7 ° С -38 ° С mark.
It should be noted that from the sixth to the seventh day the eggs will heat independently and give heat to the incubator, so the automatic shutdown of the incubator may increase at a temperature of 38 ° C and the temperature may still rise to 40 ° C. Therefore, the temperature should be adjusted to 37.5 ° C with automatic shut-off taking into account the possible increase in temperature.
If you use the device for the first time, it can cause difficulties, further use provides valuable experience and an understanding of all features.
The incubation period increases if the eggs are periodically cooled and ventilated during incubation. Turning also serves as cooling (if done manually).
After the third day, the incubator should be switched on several times a day. For a short time. At first, for 2-3 minutes, smoothly, at the end of the incubation period, bringing such ventilation to 20 minutes. Don’t be afraid of this natural process, because in nature wild females have to leave the nest to eat and drink.
Quail embryos are least susceptible to long-term interruptions in the supply of electricity to the incubator as compared to embryos of other birds. In cases where the temperature in the incubator may drop to 18 ° C for a prolonged period, the amount of main quail has cracked successfully, only a little after the expected sequence.
If the quail is not removed after seventeen days, you may find that you have made a mistake anywhere in the process. For complete reinsurance, do not close the incubator for another five days.
Exit lines – The third Incubation Period
The incubation period starts from the sixteenth to the seventeenth day.
On the sixteenth day, from the beginning of the specified period, the eggs should be transported to the incubator (depending on the design of the incubator).
These trays should not be open at the top because quails can jump from the edges. At this time, the rotation and spraying of the eggs stop completely and the temperature regime is set to 37.5 ° C.
Errors can be seen with shell pecking characteristics adopted during the period of adherence to the hatching regime:
In case of excessive moisture, the pup will not get rid of the shell on its own.
The chick does not hatch, if moisture is low, everything is explained by the dryness and hardness of the membrane.
If the quail incubation took place under optimal conditions, the shell curse would be on the perimeter of the blind tip. Don’t try to help chicks hatch, as if they do not have enough strength to overcome the egg shells, it is doubtful that such a chicken will survive or be healthy in the future.
Humidity level: We determine the most suitable indicators for different incubation times
During the first and second periods of incubation, it is necessary to fill the water tanks if there is any incubator in the device. If they are not there, then you should strengthen such containers yourself.
In the first and second periods, make sure that there is always water in the trays, pour regularly.
In the second step, carefully monitor the humidity level in the incubator, especially necessary. The indicator should not fall below 60-70%. The eggs are preferably sprayed once or twice a day. This can be done during the next turn.
Sprinkle immediately after opening the cover warm eggs, this will be a shock to the embryo. We should wait until the eggs have cooled down a bit. Turning time serves as a light cooling.
Close the cap immediately after spraying to prevent condensation from forming;
It is important to ensure that the incubator has a high humidity of around 90% during the incubation period. The presence of open containers with water during screening can cause chicks to die. As you proceed, make sure that the quails cannot enter them.